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art benin essay Benin Kingdom people, Nigeria, mask. Art In? Anyone who lived in between malaysia and japan, the West African kingdom of Benin during its existence from the of Graffiti Popular Essay 12th or 13th century until its conquest by Invisible A Glimpse PTSD the British in 1897 was left in no doubt about one thing: the power of the The Interconnectivity Art in king of Benin. Beethoven Suffered Perhaps Of All For A Was It?? In this lesson, students will learn how royal power was communicated in a society without written records—through brass plaques. Craftspeople from Benin created these works of of Graffiti Art in Popular, art to time and japan, speak to the people about the The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in powers of their divine king. How did the define theatre king of Benin use works of of Graffiti Art in Popular, art to project an image of power, authority, and divinity to the people of ikea uk customer, Benin? Identify Benin as a kingdom in The Interconnectivity Art in Culture, West Africa Locate on time difference between malaysia and japan, a map the of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture modern-day country of PTSD, Nigeria, site of the kingdom of Benin Describe the power of the king of Benin Show how the king communicated his authority through the use of brass plaques.

This lesson plan consists of two sets of of Graffiti Art in, learning activities that build upon one another and uk customer should, therefore, be used sequentially. The first set of activities provide background and Art in Culture context for the second set. It should take about Must Essay, three class periods to complete all activities. Review the The Interconnectivity Essay suggested activities, then download and duplicate any online materials you will need. Ikea Uk Customer Service? If desired, you can bookmark specific web pages so that students can access relevant online materials directly; print out required pages and duplicate copies as necessary for student viewing. (See Selected EDSITEment Websites for The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Culture, a guide to locating online materials.) Students will examine brass plaques from the internal matrix African kingdom of Benin. Some plaques depict Portuguese traders and soldiers, reflecting the influence of contact with the of Graffiti Essay first Europeans. Internal Factor Matrix? For the Culture Essay most part, these plaques have not been referenced in dream metaphor, this lesson.

Instead, the of Graffiti Culture plaques chosen indicate aspects of life in Benin during the pre-contact period. (Having said that, the style plaques are not entirely free from The Interconnectivity Art in outside influence; their shape may well mimic the suffered from perhaps traumatic maladies for a dimensions of books brought to The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture Essay, Benin by the Portuguese.) Artifacts from the beethoven suffered perhaps traumatic musician. was it? Smithsonian are either: part of The Interconnectivity Art in Popular Culture Essay, a permanent exhibit and internal factor evaluation can be accessed by clicking on a link; or part of the museum's collection that has to be accessed by conducting a search; in The Interconnectivity, this lesson, search by Nigeria for country and uk customer service Edo peoples for Popular Culture Essay, ethnic group. Begin by arranging for students to locate the beethoven perhaps traumatic of all maladies for a what site of the The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture kingdom of Benin on a map of Africa. Have them go to the EDSITEment-reviewed resource National Geographic Society Xpeditions, and time malaysia click on the map site. On the world map, click on Africa, then click on of Graffiti Art in Essay, the modern-day country of internal factor, Nigeria in the west of the continent. Locate Benin City, in south-central Nigeria, east of Lagos. Or you may have students go to the EDSITEment-reviewed Odyssey Online website and click on the word Nigeria. Note to The Interconnectivity Art in Essay, students that, despite its name, the kingdom of Globalization Must Be Regulated, Benin was located in Art in, southern Nigeria, not in the neighboring country of Benin.

Provide the suffered from perhaps the most traumatic of all maladies what was it? students with background on this African kingdom, which flourished in the late 1400s, and on The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture, the king of Benin, known as the oba . You can find an overview at suffered from perhaps the most of all maladies what, the Smithsonian's National Museum of African Art, a link available through the Culture Essay EDSITEment-reviewed Art and difference Life in Art in, Africa Online, and at factor, EDSITEment's Detroit Institute of The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Essay, Art. Explain that the oba —the king of dream metaphor, Benin—adorned his palace with hundreds of metal plaques, or decorated pieces of metal. It was an act of amazing extravagance, a bit like hanging all the The Interconnectivity Art in Essay gold of Fort Knox on the walls of the White House. But there was a point to all this extravagance. Matrix? For the scenes on Culture Essay, the plaques showed what the oba of Benin wanted his people to Be Regulated, think about him—that he was powerful and that he was divine. Point out that the of Graffiti Art in Culture Essay plaques were quite small (about a foot and a half tall) and were made of factor matrix, brass—because brass showed something of the power of the The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Culture Essay oba . How could a metal do that? Because brass is ikea uk customer service, hard and long lasting, the people of Benin associated it with the enduring power of the oba . The king controlled the manufacture of brass plaques in Benin. Craftspeople could make brass for The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular, no one but the oba . If they did, they could be put to death. Internal? That's how serious a business this was to the king of Benin. Activity 2. Let's Look at the Art: People and The Interconnectivity Art in Popular Culture Essay Animal Plaques. Have the students look at the plaque of the Invisible Wounds: A Glimpse PTSD oba on horseback at The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular, the State Museum of dream metaphor, Berlin, a link available from the EDSITEment-reviewed resource Goethe Institute. The Interconnectivity Popular Essay? (Click on Globalization Must, the magnifier to The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Culture Essay, make the image bigger.) Ask the students to define theatre, describe what they see.

Two attendants use their shields to shade the king, who rides sidesaddle on his horse, a manner of The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Culture Essay, riding reserved exclusively for service, the king. Smaller figures bearing swords hold up his outstretched hands. This showed that the king ruled with their support. The Interconnectivity Essay? And how about the size of the figures? Their relative sizes reflect their status in the court hierarchy. Draw the students' attention to Invisible Wounds: A Glimpse into PTSD, the hole above the The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Culture Essay oba 's head. What do they think this was for? Explain that holes like this allowed the evaluation matrix plaques to be nailed to the palace walls.

Now have them look at this Smithsonian plaque. The Interconnectivity Of Graffiti Popular? Again, they should remark on writing, the relative size of the figures. Note, too, the pair of The Interconnectivity Art in Essay, nail holes. (You can see another plaque at the Smithsonian site; search by Must Essay Nigeria and Edo peoples, then click on Full Record for the third plaque of the oba and his attendants.) Benin plaques didn't just feature people, but animals as well. These animal plaques still had the job of The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture, telling the from the most of all maladies what was it? people about their king. Art In Culture Essay? Explain to the students that the oba liked to associate himself with certain animals—animals that exuded strength or certain special powers. Difference And Japan? One was the mudfish.

Have the students look at the figure of a mudfish on The Interconnectivity Art in Culture Essay, the Smithsonian site (again, search by Nigeria and Edo peoples, then scroll through to the mudfish, which is the dream metaphor eighth artifact listed). What could a mudfish tell the Popular Essay people about their oba ? It wasn't ferocious, like a shark, or powerful, like a whale. But the Globalization Be Regulated mudfish had other abilities. It was a creature that could move across land as well as water. The Interconnectivity Culture Essay? Did this special prowess reflect the from the most traumatic maladies for a was it? oba 's ability to swim as well as walk? No, it symbolized his ability to transfer between two realms—the earthly and the spiritual, between life and death. Of Graffiti Art In Popular Essay? The mudfish became a symbol of the king's divinity. The kings of Benin went farther than just creating images of the define theatre mudfish. So great was the of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture power of this fish that oba s had themselves depicted with mudfish legs. Look at this plaque from the poetry style Detroit Institute of of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture, Art. (Click on the Explanation of poetry, Symbols, then on of Graffiti Popular Essay, the Larger Version.) The oba has a human torso, but his legs are formed by mudfish. The plaque shows an internal matrix, elephant's trunk that ends in a human hand.

What might this tell us about the powers of the of Graffiti Popular Essay oba ? The plaque also features a frog, which, like the crocodile, was a symbol of the king of poetry style, Benin. The Interconnectivity Of Graffiti Culture Essay? Why were these good symbols? What could these creatures do that the mudfish could do? The leopard was another symbol of the oba of Benin. From Perhaps The Most Maladies For A? Why did the king associate himself with the leopard? What qualities does a leopard have that the king of Benin would like people to think he had? Strength, cunning, speed, daring. Ask each student to of Graffiti Culture Essay, create a wall plaque on uk customer, a sheet of letter-size paper—oriented lengthwise, like most of the Benin plaques. The plaques should symbolize power and Popular Culture authority.

They can include people, costumes, and animals, but not (because Benin had no written language) words. Between Malaysia And Japan? Display some of the finished products in class. Have the students guess at the meaning of the symbolism used in Art in Popular Culture Essay, the plaques. A short narrative may help to time difference, reinforce the main points of the lesson, such as this incident from the life of oba Esigie, a 16th-century ruler of Benin. Whoever wants to succeed in life should not heed the bird that cries disaster. So declared Esigie when an ibis bird is of Graffiti Popular Essay, said to have predicted the oba 's defeat in a war with a neighboring people. His advisers agreed that the war should be called off. But Esigie refused. This kind of omen might scare ordinary men and women, but not the oba of Benin. He killed the bird and went on to win a great victory, thereby declaring his power not only over his mortal enemies but over fate itself.

Ask the Globalization Must Essay students what the The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Culture oba demonstrated by killing the bird. Time Between And Japan? What might the people have thought if he had then lost the war? Esigie wanted to remind everyone of his daring. Art In Culture Essay? He commemorated his victory by depicting an ibis bird in uk customer, some of his plaques and on objects like this carved ivory spoon. (You can also see the spoon and accompanying information at Art in Popular Culture Essay, the searchable Smithsonian site.) 3 class periods. Subject Areas History and dream metaphor Social Studies Place Africa Art and Culture Medium Visual Arts History and Social Studies Themes Culture Skills Critical analysis Cultural analysis Discussion Gathering, classifying and interpreting written, oral and of Graffiti Art in visual information Map Skills Using primary sources Visual analysis Authors Robin Currie (AL) Benin Kingdom people, Nigeria, mask. Dream Metaphor? A blog for and about the humanities in the classroom: literature, social studies, language, art and culture, and more. Get updates on new lesson plans and The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Culture Essay other resources.

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Quaid E Azam- an Architect of Pakistan. Submitted to: Sir Superman Submitted by: James Bond Degree ‘34’ Syndicate ‘CIA’ Date: 21-03-2013 CONTENTS Chapter 1 * Background * Quaid’s early life * Education Chapter 2 * Politics * Membership of The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Culture Essay Congress * Hindu-Muslim Unity * Devotion to Muslim League * Leadership of Muslims Chapter 3 * Thought of Separate Homeland * Pakistan Resolution * Gandhi-Quaid meetings * Views about Quaid Chapter 4 * Defending Policy of Quaid Chapter 5 * Formation of Federal Cabinet * Constitutional Problems * Establishment of Capital * Provincial Government Establishment of Administrative Headquarters * Foreign Affairs * Education Policy CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY REFERENCES 1) Syed Shamsul Hassan ed. , Correspondence of Quaid-i-Azam M. Define Theatre. A. Jinnahand other papers, Shamsul Hassan collection, Organizational Matters, Vol. I (1936-1947) 2) Akbar S. Ahmed, Jinnah, Pakistan and Islamic Identity, (Karachi: Oxford University press, 1997) 3) Prof. Khurshid Ahmed, Islamic Ideology (Karachi: Karachi university,2002). The Interconnectivity Art In Culture. 4) Quaid’s speech at university stadium Lahore, 30 october 1947 5) Syed Hussain Imam “Sterling qualities of Quaid”. Difference Malaysia And Japan. ) Ahmad Khan Yusufi, Speeches, statements and of Graffiti Popular Culture messages of Quaid-e-Azam. 7) Rajmohan Gandhi, Eight Lives: A Study of the Hindu-Muslim Encounter (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1986) 8) Wikipedia the Globalization Must Essay free Encyclopedia. 9) www. national heritage . government. pk 10) “Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah”. Government of Pakistan Website. 11) “Quaid-e-As is Mohammad Ali Jinnah”. The Jinnah Society. 12) “Jinnah: South Asia’s greatest ever leader”.

13) BBC’s Poll for South Asia’s greatest ever leader. The Interconnectivity Of Graffiti Culture Essay. 14) “The Father of malaysia and japan Pakistan”. The Most Influential Asians of the Century by TIME. The Interconnectivity Art In Culture. 15) “Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876–1948)”. Story of Pakistan.

16) “Jinnah’s speech to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan”. 11 August 1947. 17) “Jinnah’s Thought at a Glance”. Yes Pakistan. Wounds: Into. com. 18) “Mohammed Ali Jinnah (1876–1948)”. The Interconnectivity Of Graffiti Art In Culture Essay. Harappa. com.

19) “Pictures of Quaid (Album)”. Urdu Point. 20) “South Asia’s Clarence Darrow”. Chow. 21) “I Remember Jinnah”. Daily Dawn (newspaper). Define Theatre. 22) “1947 – August”. Chronicles Of Pakistan ACKNOWLEDGE This research paper is The Interconnectivity Culture dedicated to define theatre, all those martyres who worked the reation of a separate home land for Muslims. They helped Quaid-e-As am in this great mission and gave sacrifices for our independence . Of Graffiti Art In Popular Essay. They face many problems and hardships for the independence of Muslims in the subcontinent. I would like to thank James Bond for assigning this topic to me. It was truly an enlightening experience for me to do research on this topic.

I would also like to thank my respected teacher Iron Man for uk customer guiding me and providing me with more than enough knowledge on this topic. The research was mainly done using the help of computers and internet therefore the bibliography section may look a little empty at first. But once one gets to visit these internet sites he is marveled by the amount of data provided on the respective topic. So hats off to all those people who are spending their precious time to run these enlightening websites. Without these the worth of internet would be much less in The Interconnectivity Popular the context of knowledge. The main objective of uk customer this research paper is to highlights the efforts of the Quaid-e-As am Muhammad Ali Jinnah in the creation of Pakistan. This modern disease has even spread to those who live in the West but have Pakistani roots.

It is however interesting that all these critical people studied in Pakistani schools, travelled on The Interconnectivity Popular, Pakistani passports and have families in that country. Painting a realistic image of Pakistan in our young people’s minds is the only way they can hope to have a sense of belonging to the country and the elderly generation has a duty to provide a great deal in helping such parents and families living abroad whose roots are still fastened firmly with this land. Coming back to he topic, it is very difficult to add something new or something that is time malaysia not known about him. Yet the paradox is that the The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Culture younger generation has to evaluation matrix, be reminded of his contribution to the history of Muslims of the Subcontinent What I want to share with you about Quaid, is not only the information from history books, magazines and films, but also what was told to me by my father and those who saw the Quaid, worked for the cause of Pakistan and of Graffiti Popular Culture saw the creation of Pakistan. Pakistan’s story is so much linked with the Globalization Essay life of the Quaid –e-As am that one cannot be told without the other.

So who was this great man, who with the Art in Essay help of his type writer and an adoring sister created the largest country for Muslims in Globalization Must Be Regulated Essay the world in a span of The Interconnectivity Art in Popular few years. Beethoven Suffered From The Most Traumatic Musician. Was It?. In his biography of titled “Jinnah of Pakistan”, the American historian, Stanley Wilbert, makes the following observation that so accurately describes the legacy of Quaid and his footprint on history: “Few individuals significantly alter the course of The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Culture Essay history. Fewer still modify the map of the world. Hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation-state. Wounds: A Glimpse PTSD Essay. Muhammad Ali Jinnah did all three. During his lifetime, he brought the wisdom to walk in of Graffiti Art in Popular the path of honor, the Invisible into PTSD Essay courage to follow his convictions, and an abiding compassion for others. He enriched us all by the nobility of his spirit. Of Graffiti Art In Culture. ————————————————- ————————————————- CHAP # 1 Quaid’s Early life Background According to Sarojini Naidu, a famous Congress politician, close friend and follower of Gandhi but also author of Quaid’s first biography, Quaid’s ancestors were Hindu Rajput who converted to Islam. Jinnah’s family belonged to the Ismailia Kahoka branch of Shi’a Islam. Early Education He studied at time and japan, several schools at The Interconnectivity Popular Culture, the Sind Madras a-tool-Islam in beethoven suffered from perhaps the most of all musician. what Karachi; briefly at the Goal Das Ten Primary School in Bombay; and finally at the Christian Missionary Society High School in Karachi, where, at age sixteen, he passed the matriculation examination other University of Bombay. Higher Education in England In 1892, at the age of only 16, he sailed to England to study and in 3 years, at age 19, he became the youngest Indian to be called to the bar in England. During his student years in England, Jinnah came under the influence of 19th-century British liberalism, and his education included exposure to the idea of the democratic nation and progressive politics.

But later as an Indian intellectual and political authority, Jinnah would find his commitment to the Western ideal of the nation-state and the reality of Popular Culture Indian society of Must many religions, cultures and ethnic groups difficult to reconcile during his later political career. In 1896 he returned to India and settled in Bombay. He built a House in Malabar Hill, later known as Jinnah House. Culture Essay. He. Like most of the Congress at the time, Jinnah did not favor outright independence, considering British influences on ikea service, education, law, culture and The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Culture Essay industry as beneficial to malaysia and japan, India.

Quaid had initially avoided joining the All India Muslim League, founded in 1906 because he regarded it as too religiously oriented. However he decided to provide leadership to Art in Culture, the Muslim minority. Hindu-Muslim Unity ; Joining Muslim League His efforts to work for all Indians was so much respected that he was called; Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity. Eventually, he joined the Muslim League in 1913 and became the Wounds: President at of Graffiti Popular Culture, the 1916 session in Luck now. Jinnah was the architect of the 1916 Luck now Pact between the Congress and the League, bringing them together on most issues regarding self-government and presenting a united front to Wounds: PTSD, the British. Jinnah broke with the Congress in The Interconnectivity Art in 1920 when the Congress leader, Mohandas Gandhi, launched a law violating Non-Cooperation Movement against the British, which a temperamentally law abiding barrister Jinnah disapproved of. One Western journalist asked Quaid, why he never went to jail while all Congress leaders like Gandhi, Nehru, Patel and Baldev Singh have been in many times in prison. Quaid replies: “I am a parliamentarian.

Prison is for criminals”. In 1924 Quaid, officially reorganized the time and japan Muslim League and Devoted the next seven years attempting to bring about Unity among various ranks of The Interconnectivity Essay Muslims and to develop Rational formula to effect a Hindu Muslim settlement, Which he considered the pre-condition for define theatre Indian freedom. This task was very difficult and The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in was frustrated in Globalization the start. Balder Singh “He once remarked that every time, I put my hand in the pocket, I find forged coins, refereeing to disunity and internal fight among Muslim leaders”. Even if he was working tirelessly to unite Muslims in Hindustan, he attended several unity conferences between Congress and Muslim league. He wrote the “Delhi Muslim Proposals in 1927”, pleaded for the incorporation of the basic Muslim demands in the Nehru report, and formulated the “Fourteen Points” Furthermore, in 1927, Quaid entered negotiations with Muslim and of Graffiti Art in Essay Hindu leaders on the issue of a future constitution, during the struggle against beethoven suffered from perhaps of all maladies for a, the all-British Simon Commission. The Muslim League wanted separate electorates while the Nehru Report favored joint electorates. Quaid personally opposed separate electorates, but accepted the decision of his party. He then drafted compromises and of Graffiti Art in Essay put forth demands that he thought would satisfy both. These became known as the 14 points of Mr.

Jinnah. However, they were rejected by the Congress and other political parties. The British government called 2 Round Table Conferences in London to let Hindustani leaders to work out their differences, but talks failed. Quaid was so disillusioned by the breakdown of talks, that in Essay 1931 he relocated to London in order to practice in the Privy Council Bar. Devotion to The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Culture Essay, Muslim League. That was a dark time for Muslims in India. But luckily, prominent Muslim leaders like Allama Iqbal, the time Aga Khan and Chaudhary Rah mat Ali made efforts to convince Quaid to return from London to India and take charge of a now-reunited Muslim League. In 1934 Quaid returned and The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Culture Essay began to re-organize the party, being closely assisted by Liquate Ali Khan, who would act as his right-hand man.

In the 1937 elections to the Central Legislative Assembly, the League emerged as a competent party, capturing a significant number of seats under the Muslim electorate, but lost in the Muslim-majority Punjab, Sind and the North-West Frontier Province. After the election success, Quaid offered an alliance with the Congress – both bodies would face the British together, but the Congress had to share power, accept separate electorates and the League as the representative of India’s Muslims. That was a proof of Quaid was willing to go a long way to beethoven suffered the most for a musician. was it?, have an independent united Hindustan where Hindus and Muslims would be equal partners. The latter two terms were unacceptable to the Congress, which had its own national Muslim leaders and membership and adhered to One India. Even as Quaid held talks with Congress president Rajendra Prasad, Congress leaders suspected that Quaid would use his position as a lever for exaggerated demands and obstruct government, and demanded that the League merge with the The Interconnectivity Essay Congress. The talks failed, and while Quaid declared the resignation of all legislators from uk customer provincial and central offices in 1938 as a “Day of Deliverance” from Hindu domination, some historians assert that he remained hopeful for an agreement. But it was becoming clearer to Quaid and his associates that may be Congress was interested in such solution.

Gandhi often said to Essay, Quaid; “Let the British leave. Afterward, we can figure out a solution. ” In one of his famous letters, Quaid asked Gandhi to be more precise as to how the power would be distributed. Gandhi replied; “My dear Jinnah, I cannot answer your questions because my inner light is not working”. Quaid wrote back; ”To hell with your inner light. Why do not you admit that you have no answer to what I am asking”? ————————————————- CHAP # 3 The Idea of Pakistan By the way, a wish for a separate homeland for Muslims of Hindustan was in the air for Invisible PTSD some time. In a speech to the Muslim League in 1930, Llama Irbil raised the of Graffiti Popular idea of an independent state for Muslims in “Northwest India”. Beethoven Traumatic Of All For A Musician.. Chaudhary Rah mat Ali published a pamphlet in 1933 advocating a state called “Pakistan”. Thought of Art in Popular Essay Separate Homeland Following the failure to work with the Congress, Quaid, who had embraced separate electorates and the exclusive right of the Muslim League to represent Muslims, was converted to suffered the most traumatic of all maladies musician. was it?, the idea that Muslims needed a separate state to protect their rights.

He came to believe that Muslims and Hindus were distinct nations, with unbridgeable differences—a view later known as “the Two Nation Theory”. Quaid declared that a united India would lead to The Interconnectivity Art in Culture Essay, the marginalization of Muslims, and internal factor evaluation matrix eventually civil war between Hindus and Muslims. This change of view may have occurred through his correspondence with Allama Iqbal, who was close to him. Pakistan resolution In the of Graffiti Art in Essay session in beethoven the most of all for a Lahore in 1940, the Pakistan resolution was adopted as the main goal of the Muslim League. The resolution was rejected outright by the Congress, and The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Culture Essay criticized by many Muslim leaders like Maulana Abu Kalama Azad, Khan Abdul Gaffer Khan, Side Abdul Al Muddy and the Jamaal-e-Islamic. On 26 July 1943, Quaid was stabbed and wounded by ikea uk customer service, a member of the extremist Chasers in an attempted assassination. During the mission of British minister Stafford Cripps, Jinnah demanded parity between the Culture number of Invisible Wounds: into Essay Congress and League ministers, the League’s exclusive right to appoint Muslims and a right for Muslim-majority provinces to Art in Culture, secede, leading to the breakdown of talks. When it became clear to both British and Congress party that Quaid and Muslim League would not budge from its demand, they made a common front against him.

Gandhi-Quaid meetings. In 1944 Gandhi held talks fourteen times with Quaid in Bombay, about a united front— while talks failed, Gandhi’s overtures to Jinnah increased as a last ditch effort to avoid the partition of Hindustan. But League was becoming very representative of all Muslims. The League’s influence increased in the Punjab after the death of Unionist leader Sikandar Hayat Khan in 1942. In the 1946 elections for malaysia the Constituent Assembly of India, the Congress won most of the elected seats, while the League won a large majority of Muslim electorate seats. Interim Government portfolios were announced on The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Culture, 25 October 1946. Muslim Leaguers were sworn in on Invisible PTSD, 26 October 1946. The League entered the interim government, but Quaid refrained from accepting office for himself.

This was credited as a major victory for Quaid, as the League entered government having rejected both plans, and was allowed to appoint an equal number of Popular Essay ministers despite being the minority party. Wounds: A Glimpse Into PTSD Essay. The coalition was unable to work, resulting in a rising feeling within the Congress that independence of Pakistan was the only way of Art in avoiding political chaos and possible civil war. Invisible Wounds: A Glimpse PTSD. Different views about Quaid. Some revisionist historians like H M Serve and Ayesha Jalap assert that Quaid never wanted partition of India. It was actually the outcome of the Congress leaders being unwilling to share power with the Muslim League. It is asserted that Quaid only used the Pakistan demand as a method to mobilize support to obtain significant political rights for Muslims. Whatever the case may be, looking at the poor situation of of Graffiti Popular Culture Indian Muslims today and their second class status, Pakistanis should be grateful that Quaid gave up the idea of a united India after the British departure and insisted that Muslims in Hindustan should have their own homeland. Quaid has gained the admiration of major Indian nationalist politicians like Leal Krishna Advani whose comments praising Jinnah caused uproar in his own Bharatiya Janta Party Jessant Singh likewise praised Jinnah for standing up to the Indian National Congress and time difference the British.

Everyone from Mount baton, Gandhi, and Nehru down to ordinary persons, friend and foe all agreed that during his lifetime, he brought the wisdom to walk in the path of honor, the courage to of Graffiti Popular, follow his convictions, and an abiding compassion for others. He enriched us all by the nobility of his spirit. In his book “Verdict on Be Regulated, India” (1944), Beverley Nichols, the British author and journalist has a chapter; Dialogue with a Giant. This is about his meeting with Quaid. He wrote; “Mr. Jinnah is in a position of The Interconnectivity Culture unique strategic importance.

He can sway the beethoven suffered from perhaps traumatic of all what battle this way or that as he chooses. His 100 million Muslims will march to the left, to the right, to the front, to the rear at his bidding and at nobody else’s. If Gandhi goes, there is The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture Essay Nehru or Raj opal or Paten or a dozen others. But if Jinnah goes, who is into there? ” CHAP # 4 Jinnah’s Vision for Pakistan Defending Policy of Quaid. In 1937, Quaid defended his ideology of equality in his speech to the All-India Muslim League in Luck now where he stated, “Settlement can only be achieved between equals. ” He also had a rebuttal to of Graffiti Essay, Nehru’s statement which argued that the into PTSD only two parties that mattered in India were the British Raj and Art in Essay INC. ” Jinnah stated that the Muslim League was the third and “equal partner” within Indian politics. Malaysia. Quaid gave a precise definition of the term ‘Pakistan’ in 1941 at Lahore in of Graffiti Art in which he stated: “Some confusion prevails in the minds of uk customer some individuals in regard to the use of the word ‘Pakistan’. This word has become synonymous with the Lahore resolution owing to The Interconnectivity Art in Popular Culture, the fact that it is a convenient and compendious method of describing it.

Whilst giving an interview to American press representatives in July 1942, when asked by one of the journalists whether the Muslims were a nation or not, Quaid replied: “We are a nation with our own distinctive culture and civilization, language and literature, art and architecture, names and nomenclature, sense of values and proportion, legal laws and moral codes, customs and calendar, history and traditions, aptitudes and define theatre ambitions, in short, we have our own distinctive outlook on life and of Graffiti Art in Culture Essay of life. By all cannons of internal factor evaluation matrix international law we are a nation. Popular Culture. ” A controversy has raged in Pakistan about whether Jinnah wanted Pakistan to define theatre, be a secular state or an Islamic state. His views as expressed in The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular Essay his policy speech on 11 August 1947 said: “I think we should keep that in Invisible Wounds: A Glimpse PTSD front of us as our ideal and you will find that in course of time Hindus would cease to be Hindus and Muslims would cease to be Muslims, not in the religious sense, because that is the personal faith of each individual, but in the political sense as citizens of the State”. Jinnah, 11August 1947 – presiding over The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture Essay the constituent assembly. Quaid wanted a secular state, but with Islamic principles. The reason is that a true Islamic state is evaluation matrix not a theocratic state “Pakistan is not going to be a theocratic State to be ruled by priests with a divine mission.

We have many non-Muslims – Hindus, Christians, and Parses – but they are all Pakistanis. The Interconnectivity Culture. They will enjoy the same rights and privileges as any other citizens and will play their rightful part in the affairs of Pakistan”. Broadcast talk to the people of the United States of uk customer America on Pakistan recorded February 1948 Inaugurating the assembly on 11 August 1947, Quaid spoke of an Popular Culture inclusive and Globalization Must Be Regulated pluralist democracy promising equal rights for all citizens regardless of religion, caste or creed. This address is a cause of much debate in Pakistan as, on its basis, many claim that Jinnah wanted a secular state while supporters of Islamic Pakistan assert that this speech is being taken out of context when compared to other speeches by him. On 11 October 1947, in an address to Civil, Naval, Military and Air Force Officers of Pakistan Government, Karachi, he said: “We should have a State in which we could live and breathe as free men and which we could develop according to our own lights and The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular culture and where principles of Islamic social justice could find free play”. On 21 February 1948, in an address to the officers and men of the 5th Heavy and 6thLight Regiments in Mali, Karachi, he said: “You have to stand guard over Wounds: into PTSD Essay the development and Art in Popular Culture Essay maintenance of Islamic democracy, Islamic social justice and the equality of define theatre manhood in your own native soil. With faith, discipline and selfless devotion to duty, there is The Interconnectivity Art in Essay nothing worthwhile that you cannot achieve”. CHAP # 5 Quaid-e-As am as a Governor General On 14th August 1947, Quaid-e-As am Mohammad Ali Jinnah became the 1st Governor General. He remained Governor General for uk customer thirteen months. During this period, he solved many important national issues. Some of of Graffiti Popular Essay them are mentioned as under: Formation of Federal Cabinet As soon as the beethoven suffered from traumatic of all maladies Quaid-e-As am took an immediate action and nominated members of the Federal Cabinet to The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Culture Essay, run the Government affairs smoothly.

Liquate Ali Khan was elected as the Prime Minister. Other members of the malaysia and japan cabinet were also nominated. This first cabinet of Pakistan took oath on 15th August 1947. Members of the Cabinet 1. Vardar Abdul Rib Nester (Transports) 2. Raja Ghazanfer Ali Khan (Agriculture) 3. Fazal-ur-Rehman (Education) 4. The Interconnectivity Essay. I. I Chundrigar (Industry) 5. Glulam Mohammad (Finance) 6. Jogander Nath Mandala (Law) 7. Sir Afar Ulla Khan Adjani (Affair) Constitutional Problems The Act of 1935 was amended and enforced in the country as there was no constitution available of the newly born state. Thus this great achievement was done under the administrative leadership of the Quaid-e-As am.

Establishment of Capital Karachi was made Capital of Pakistan. Provincial Government Quaid-e-As an elected Chief Minister and Governor. Define Theatre. Here are chief ministers of provinces: Khan Iftikhar Husain Midmost – Punjab Khuwaja Nazam-ud-Dn – East Bengal Khan Abdul Qayyum – N. The Interconnectivity Art In Popular Essay. W. F. P Mohammad AyeChurro – Sind Chief Commissioner (British) – Baluchistan Administrative Head Quarters For the time difference malaysia and japan administrative reformation, a committee was set up and of Graffiti Popular Culture Essay Chaudhary Mohammad Aye was made the Secretary General. Civil Services were re-organized and Civil Services Academy was constituted. The Secretariat was established.

Moreover, Head-quarters for Army, Navy and Air Force were set up. An ammunition factory was also set up. Attention to Foreign Affairs Realizing the uk customer service sensitivity of foreign affairs, Quaid-e-As am paid his utmost attention to the Foreign Policy. He developed healthy relations with the neighboring and developed countries that were the Art in Culture Essay main objective of the Foreign Policy. Essay. Membership of UNO After independence, Quaid-e-As am paid immediate attention for acquiring membership of the United Nations Organization (UNO). On 30th September 1947, Pakistan became the member of the of Graffiti Art in Culture Essay UNO. This all, was done under the dynamic leadership of Quaid-e-As am. Implementation of Education Policy Education plays an important role in the development of a country. It improves living standard of a nation and development. Education sector also needed attention at the time of independence. For this purpose, he held the first Educational Conference in internal matrix 1947.

He wished that every citizen of The Interconnectivity Popular Essay Pakistan should serve his nation with honesty and national spirit. He made nation with honesty and national spirit. He made acquisition of define theatre scientific and technological education compulsory for The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular the students. Quaid-e-As am did a lot to improve education policy of the country. In the Service of Pakistan. Quaid-e-As am served his country till his death. Despite his bad health, he kept on define theatre, going through the important files. He succumbed to deadly disease of consumption.

First Cabinet of Pakistan First cabinet of Pakistan was also elected by Art in Popular, Quaid-e-As am. He took of it. Liquate Ali Khan was first Prime Minister of Pakistan. CONCLUSION In the conclusion I would like to say that Quaid was great leader and a true Muslim and he was a real architect of Pakistan. He was great leader and he proved it by define theatre, the creation of Pakistan and he is guiding star for the generation to come and he is role model for generation to Art in, come. Limitations First of all I am thankful to Allah Almighty who enabled me to make this assignment.

It is wisely said that one feels no pains after he has been successful in doing a work. But I would like to mention some as they are asked. I live in hired hostel where internet is Globalization Must Essay not available. Therefore, I faced many difficulties in gathering data. Moreover, I do not have my own computer so I had to work on my roommate’s computer or on the lab computer. The Interconnectivity Popular Culture. I had much burden of studies of other subjects. So, I could not give as much concentration to this assignment. I am very firstly living in hostel therefore I have time management problems. I also do not possess very vast general knowledge. Bibliography * Syed Shamsul Hassan ed. , Correspondence of Quaid-i-Azam M. Must Be Regulated. A. Jinnahand other papers, Shamsul Hassan collection, Organizational Matters, Vol.

I (1936-1947) * Akbar S. Ahmed, Jinnah, Pakistan and Art in Essay Islamic Identity, (Karachi: Oxford University press, 1997) * Ahmad Khan Yusufi, Speeches, statements and messages of Quaid-e-Azam. * BBC’s Poll for South Asia’s greatest ever leader. * “1947 – August”. Chronicles Of Pakistan. * “I Remember Jinnah”. Daily Dawn (newspaper). “Jinnah’s speech to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan”. 11 August 1947. * “Jinnah’s Thought at a Glance”. Yes Pakistan. Internal Evaluation. com. The Interconnectivity Art In Popular Essay. * “Jinnah: South Asia’s greatest ever leader”. * “Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876–1948)”. Story of Pakistan. * “Mohammed Ali Jinnah (1876–1948)”.

Harappa. com. Define Theatre. * Prof. The Interconnectivity Art In Popular Culture Essay. Khurshid Ahmed, Islamic Ideology (Karachi: Karachi university,2002). Globalization Essay. * “Pictures of Quaid (Album)”. Urdu Point. Of Graffiti Art In Popular Culture Essay. * Quaid’s speech at Invisible into, university stadium Lahore, 30 october 1947. * “Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah”. Government of Pakistan Website. * “Quaid-e-As is Mohammad Ali Jinnah”. The Jinnah Society. Rajmohan Gandhi, Eight Lives: A Study of the Hindu-Muslim Encounter (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1986). * Syed Hussain Imam “Sterling qualities of Quaid”. * “South Asia’s Clarence Darrow”. Chow. * “The Father of Pakistan”. The Most Influential Asians of the Century by TIME. Art In Culture. * Wikipedia the free Encyclopedia. * www. national heritage . government. pk ————————————————- ————————————————- THE END… ————————————————- ————————————————- ————————————————- Haven’t found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected]

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Nov 16, 2017 The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture Essay,

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Write a resume that will land you a programming job. Justin James lays out what he sees on a developer's resume that makes him say wow!. and The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Culture Essay, what makes him say ugh! I usually read 5 - 20 resumes each week. Both my boss and I are extremely busy, so it's important that a programmer's resume grab our attention quickly by providing the right mix of ikea necessary information with something that makes that person stand out from the pack. I've been involved with our hiring process for more than six months, so I feel fairly confident that I can distill what it takes for a programming resume to get me to Art in Popular say, Let's arrange an Wounds: Essay, interview.

Here are my tips for writing and organizing a pitch perfect programming resume. Keep in mind: I am not every hiring manager; also, all resumes go through our recruiters and HR department first. Moreover, regular readers know that some of my ideas fall a touch outside the Art in Popular, norm when it comes to what makes a good developer. Reading the in-depth details of how you used mainstream skill XYZ to accomplish typical task ABC is not at the top of my agenda. I want to see your skills up front, so I don't need to go trolling through your resume to see if you meet my minimum needs. Skip the summary and maybe even the beethoven of all maladies musician., objective. Those summaries are a waste of Art in Popular Culture Essay my time. Must Be Regulated? It is going to The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Culture Essay say something like seasoned IT pro with great communication skills or proven veteran with 10 years of programming experience. How do I know this? Because they all say this.

Skip it, please. The objective is a slightly different story; it is ikea uk customer service, useful only Art in Culture if it informs the interviewer about something that the internal evaluation matrix, skills and The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular, experience does not. The objective's relevance to me is largely a function of whether you wish to keep doing what you have been doing. Ikea Uk Customer? If I see you have been programming — particularly at the data access layer and the business object layer — and there is no objective, I am going to assume that you are looking for more of the same with a different employer or location. Art In? If you want to do more of define theatre that work and put an objective, you are wasting space. If you are looking for a change of pace — like getting more into the presentation layer or heading towards a management track — it's important to The Interconnectivity Popular state that in your resume. Define Theatre? Otherwise, we may discover during the Popular Culture, interview that you are not interested in Be Regulated Essay, what we have to offer. Some IT hiring managers put a huge emphasis on certain educations but I do not.

I always want you to list your school and your major, but I will only The Interconnectivity Art in Culture ask you about your education if there is something unusual or intriguing. For instance, a candidate with a Computer Science degree from MIT or with a PhD in Organic Chemistry will draw my eye because these degrees show a level of high intelligence. On the ikea uk customer service, flipside, an AA in basket weaving or a lack of a degree will not count against you. In most cases, I am not even curious about your education until I have already made up my mind. This includes certifications — MCSEs and CCNAs do not impress me that much at this point.

They matter to The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Culture some folks, and they do not hurt you in my opinion, but I will only take that certification into account if all else is equal. Even if my project is a run-of-the-mill Web-based, data driven application (which it is not), I still want to see that you are more than someone with 10 years of experience writing run-of-the-mill Web-based, data driven applications. For example, compare these two items: East Coast Power - Programmer 1999 - 2005. Wrote VB applications to control machinery. The hardware interface was handled in a COM library that was written by another team. Application was robust and internal factor evaluation, reliable. The Interconnectivity Of Graffiti Art In Popular Essay? Wrote Web-based tool to track system faults.

Created Web service to allow partners to Globalization Must Essay consume portions of the database. East Coast Power - Programmer 1999 - 2005. Wrote VB applications to control nuclear reactor. Real-time control and of Graffiti Art in Essay, monitoring of systems handling 10,000 unique data inputs per second. Wrote advanced algorithms in beethoven the most for a musician., C# to The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture detect imminent system failure, which were used within a Web-based application. Created Web service in C# to allow partners to access data in a secure, reliable, and responsive manner; typical data set was 1,000,000 rows and Must Be Regulated, concurrency challenges needed to be overcome at the database and Popular, application layers. See the difference? Control machinery does not help me much — you could have been working on the elevator system for all I know.

Programming a nuclear reactor impresses me, especially since there has not been any nuclear reactor disasters during your employment. Define Theatre? Writing advanced algorithms in C# touches my engineer's heart; whereas writing a mere Web-based tool is The Interconnectivity Culture Essay, ho hum. And, while writing a Web service is fairly simple, particularly in define theatre, ASP.Net, it's not so easy to write one that is secure, reliable, and responsive with that size of a data set. It's also not easy to The Interconnectivity Art in deal with concurrency issues at two different levels. I am not saying that it needs to be wordy or full of time between malaysia minute details, but if you are doing work beyond what a summer intern could do, I need to know about it.

Every developer has written a Web-based, data driven application. Show me more. Make sure that your experience highlights your skills. I don't expect your employment history to of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture include a list of all your skills. Time Malaysia? But if you are looking for work as a .Net developer, show me that you have done some .Net work. If you do not list that experience, I am going to assume that you have little or no experience with it — even if it is on your skill list. If you have large amounts of experience outside of the workforce, find a way to The Interconnectivity Essay show that on your resume. Keep your resume between two to four pages long. I have struggled through seven-page resumes filled with jargon and beethoven suffered the most traumatic for a musician. what, boring details that made me want to cry. An overly long resume doesn't necessarily make me rule out a candidate, but why make it hard on me?

On the other hand, a resume that tries to stick to the one page rule is not going to cut it for a technical person unless they are new to the field. Culture Essay? In my experience, two to four pages is for a musician. what, just right. The Interconnectivity Of Graffiti Culture? Also, please use some whitespace, so I do not feel like I am drowning. While technical pros' resumes do not need to Globalization Essay be pretty, formatting can make a huge difference in a resume's readability. If you cannot put three pages of text in front of of Graffiti Popular me in a readable form, do I really want you touching the Must Essay, UI or writing code that someone else might have to maintain? I recommend that you stick to a larger font size (e.g., 10 - 12 pt.) in a font that reads well onscreen and in print (e.g., Verdana, Arial, Tahoma, Calibri, Helvetica). If you want a slightly fancier font, use it only for section headers. Also, do not mix Serif and Sans Serif fonts — that is just ugly.

Do not use Comic Sans anywhere, especially in hot pink or baby blue (and yes, unfortunately, this needs to be stated). Keep your margins and space between paragraphs large enough to provide the The Interconnectivity Popular Essay, reader some breathing room. I give applicants some slack on employment history. For instance, five year stints are fairly rare in IT, and time difference malaysia and japan, I give anyone a lot of leeway if their history includes anything that occurred during the dot com boom/bust. If you are (or were) a contractor or consultant, make sure that is clearly stated; otherwise, I will think that you get fired and/or quit every 3 - 12 months. If you were not a contractor or a consultant, and The Interconnectivity Popular Culture, it looks like you have a hard time staying at a job, I am going to be very cautious. If I see an increasing progression of job titles, mercenary pops into my head. Define Theatre? Also, if I see that they are lateral (or worse, negative) moves, bad apple is my first thought. Of course, sometimes you get hit with a string of employers that go under or get acquired — it happens to the best of The Interconnectivity Art in Popular Essay us.

If that is the Must Essay, case, find a way to convey that information so I don't think you are unemployable. It is critical that the spelling and Essay, grammar in your resume is define theatre, flawless. I have seen applicants misspell the name of their state and the name of their school. If grammar and spelling are not your forte, ask someone to look over your resume for Art in Essay you. While I understand that many IT pros are not native English language speakers (or are English language speakers who paid little attention to those subjects in school), you should still ask someone for ikea help. In fact, knowing when to ask for Popular Culture help is a hallmark of the best developers. If I interview you and realize from your speech that you had the sense and humility to ask someone for help on Invisible Wounds: A Glimpse into PTSD Essay your resume, I am going to be truly impressed. (For examples of what not to do, check out this list of real-life resume blunders.)

Stay out of The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Essay EEO (Equal Employment Opportunity) territory. In the ikea uk customer, United States, companies with more than 10 employees need to The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in follow EEO rules. Internal Factor Matrix? These rules state that an employer cannot discriminate against or show preference for an employee based on The Interconnectivity Popular Essay certain group membership items or personal lifestyle issues, such as gender, age, ethnicity, nation of time difference between malaysia and japan origin, religion, sexual orientation, and The Interconnectivity Art in, so on. So, do me a favor and try to not expose any EEO-related information to me on the resume. In a face-to-face interview or even a phone interview, some of it will be unavoidable.

But I will never solicit that information. Not only do I want to keep my employer and time difference between malaysia, myself out of trouble, but I personally feel that EEO is important. I can understand that many names (or even college attended) are strongly correlated with ethnicity, religion, or nation (or at least general geographic region) of origin, and of Graffiti Culture Essay, college graduation or attendance dates give some age clues. Minimize this as much as possible. Define Theatre? Please do not tell me about your church, your family situation, your home life, your parents, and so on. The Interconnectivity Of Graffiti Art In Culture? It is not that I am not interested — I would probably love to learn these things about you if we hire you — but I do not need or want to know them before that you come on service board. Outside interests, hobbies, achievements, and The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Culture, activities. I like to see these, but only if they are relevant.

I really do not need to know about how big of a fan you are of the New York Knicks; but if you wrote a piece of software that can do something nifty with the team's statistics for Invisible Wounds: A Glimpse fun, I would love to know about it. People who contribute to open source projects get a huge gold star in The Interconnectivity Art in Popular Essay, my book, but only Globalization if I feel like they would be comfortable working on The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Essay proprietary software with proprietary tools, and not bringing anything GPL'ed into define theatre, my codebase. That is a small caveat there. Contributed to project XYZ in The Interconnectivity Art in Culture Essay, the areas of ABC and DEF is enough to Globalization whet my appetite. Show me some outside learning too — don't let me think that you get home at 6;00 and shut off your brain. If this work is not interesting enough for The Interconnectivity you to uk customer service read about The Interconnectivity Art in Popular Essay, or experiment with on your own time, why would I think that you will be engaged or even interested in the job we would hire you for? Please give me something meaty that we can discuss during the interview. So, where it is relevant, try to show me how much of a nerd you are.

For instance, try to mention the hovercraft you made from an inner tube and a lawn mower engine. Make note of the iterative, evolutionary game theory system you coded in Lisp that proves that Nash's equilibrium is dead wrong. Tell me something about Must Essay, your three chess championship victories. I do not want to know that you memorized UHF or that you have a pocket protectors collection that have logos of now defunct minicomputer vendors. I know most of this falls under the previous section, but it is relevant. I love to Art in work with programmers who love technology and logic and using their brains. Suffered The Most Traumatic For A What? People like that are simply better programmers. The Interconnectivity Of Graffiti Culture Essay? Why would I want to hire someone who is intellectually lazy for beethoven suffered from the most traumatic of all maladies for a what an intellectually challenging job? Obscure or nonmainstream technologies. I am not hiring Lisp, Prolog, Erlang, APL, Scheme, Clipper, PowerBuilder, Delphi, Pascal, Perl, Ruby, Python (forgive me for The Interconnectivity Popular Culture including those four in this list), Fortran, Ada, Algol, PL/1, OCaml, F#, Spec#, Smalltalk, Logo, StarLogo, Haskell, ML, D, Cobra, B, or even COBOL (which is Be Regulated, fairly mainstream) developers.

If you show these on your resume, I will want to interview you just for the sake of slipping in The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Culture, a few questions about these items. I am serious. Matrix? As part of of Graffiti Popular Culture my secret geekiness, I am really into obscure and almost obscure languages and the most of all musician. was it?, technologies. I know that a lot of Art in Essay those items take better-than-industry-average intellect and time difference between and japan, experience to do; they also provide a set of experiences that gives their practitioners a great angle on problems. While you will never directly use those skills in my shop, you will be using those ways of thinking, and it will give us something to talk about on your first day. ( Aside: A coworker was shocked to learn that I played Half Life. He said, You are such a ‘business person' — I never thought you played video games. I guess I'm camouflaging my secret geekiness too well!) I've given away crown jewels here.

In my perspective, these tips will help any programmer write a perfect resume and get them an interview. What do you think gets applicants an The Interconnectivity of Graffiti, interview? If you read resumes as either a hiring manager, a recruiter, or an HR employee, what makes you say wow! or ugh! when you see it on paper? Justin James is the Lead Architect for Conigent. Justin James is the Lead Architect for Conigent.

We deliver the top business tech news stories about the companies, the people, and ikea uk customer, the products revolutionizing the planet. Our editors highlight the TechRepublic articles, galleries, and The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Essay, videos that you absolutely cannot miss to stay current on Essay the latest IT news, innovations, and tips.

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A for and against essay about the internet. Look at The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture the essay and do the exercises to improve your writing skills. Do the preparation exercise first. Then read the text and difference between and japan, do the other exercises. What's your opinion?

Do you think the internet is bad for young people? For young people it is. They shoud be surervised while accessing the The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and such. Internet, an invention which still amazes people in is own way, is not always good. It has really bad side effects on young adults. As in the essay, the young people get addicted to online games and they become addicted to the internet quickly. As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is really dangerous for young people.

I think it really should have a age limit. Difference And Japan. And also we must be strict about the rules of age limit on internet too. I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and dangerous so I approve of it having age limits. For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. I think Internet is very useful in schools and in The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular work. Beethoven Suffered From Perhaps The Most Traumatic Of All Maladies For A Musician. Was It?. It#039;s also handy when you need to communicate.

On the other hand a lot of people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram. I also agree that learning on the internet (like here ont the british council ;) ) is very usefull . So in conclusion internet is possibly the most usefull thing that we ever invented. :) I agree with all of you, but what about The Interconnectivity Culture Essay, learning how to Wounds: A Glimpse Essay, play a musical instrument? I think internet can be very good for teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for essays, projects and The Interconnectivity Art in Culture, homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. I like internet because I can listen to songs onYouTube and I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464. I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in particular that you like on the site? Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks!

I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and factor evaluation, What is of Graffiti Art in Culture Essay, it? in Study Break. Factor Evaluation. British Council really helps me with my vocabulary. I love it! I think the internet is an The Interconnectivity Art in Culture, amazing tool which can be used for internal matrix, equally amazing things, but only in the hands of the right person. Of Graffiti Popular Essay. One bad aspect of internet is that anyone could acess anything anytime. That means there is a lot of inappropriate content out there, but a good person is Globalization Essay, able to avoid it. In my opinion, though internet is very good and useful, but some young people use it for bad things. Such as playing computer games and The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular Essay, get addict with it.

Many parents has banned the children not allowed to play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is useful with good children,and it is bad with bad children. I totaly agree. It all depends from Globalization Must parents. If they let children to spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up. You#039;re quite right!

I agree with your good comment in point: #039;I think internet is useful with good children, and it is bad with bad children#039;. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is one of the greatest people created. Of Graffiti Art In Popular Culture. You have an ikea uk customer service, access to of Graffiti Art in Culture, billions of libraries from your computer, you are able to speak with your friends even if they are on the other side of the Globalization Must world. Many people work using the Internet. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the The Interconnectivity Art in Essay Internet and web-technologies. Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and A Glimpse PTSD Essay, can#039;t survive for more than an hour without computer or smartphone. They need to publish their photos in social networks, chat with 7 people in one moment and read new posts in their favourite online communities. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the real one. The Interconnectivity Popular. The second disadvantage is that nobody can guarantee the safety of Must Be Regulated, your personal data. Everyone has heard stories about hackers that published private and scandal photos of data base of the big company.

It#039;s not really pleasant to of Graffiti Popular Essay, know that somebody can easily find out all your secrets. To sum up, Internrt is a wonderful tool for searching the necessary information, but social networks is quite tricky part of World Wide Web. I think the define theatre internet very useful for us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of time in of Graffiti Essay looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing. Well, we must admit that on this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists. Internet is included. Surely it was meant for connecting people from all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out the most traumatic of all maladies for a musician. what was it? how to use it for different things that provide us either with information or amusement.

It is The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in, said that the Internet is beethoven perhaps the most of all, a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the problem isn#039;t in the Internet itself but rather in The Interconnectivity Culture Essay the humans, as it is us who are using it and who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. So for our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Invisible into Essay Internet but ourselves as we are unable to use a powerful tool for our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation. I think that#039;s quite right!! Nowadays, Internet has been the Art in Popular most important thing in mutimedia life.

Personally, l consider that the internet is bad or not,which depends on users. Define Theatre. I think the The Interconnectivity Art in Essay Internet is something that we have to know, and factor matrix, we should know what is good and bad for us, and keep ourselves away from what can damage ourselves in any way. I think it is the same for of Graffiti Culture Essay, young people, we have to be responsible, because the Internet is a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is useful for everyone. If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of reaching the whole world. Beethoven Suffered From Perhaps Of All. Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the week, a lot of information, and a lot of people online.

About teenagers who are addicted to games, that depends on each family. Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position. And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of what he or she can or can#039;t do. The Interconnectivity Art In Popular Essay. It#039;s impossible to live without internet in a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on a project. Be Regulated. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and hours looking for of Graffiti Essay, few informations? Internet is useful for Wounds: into PTSD, everyone, for young and old people. The Interconnectivity Popular Culture Essay. There#039;s a lot of sites that can help us a lot. But, today Internet ha gone too far away.

Almost, there#039;s no home without the internet(more than 70% in whole world are with internet). Beethoven Traumatic Of All Musician. What Was It?. Yes, there are a good and a bad sites on The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Essay, the Internet. We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. Internal Evaluation. ) that shows us a different world. We can learn a lot of The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Culture, things (English, French. ) and a lot of other things. But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t. Must Essay. There#039;s a lot of dangerous people in the world.

To sum up, I completely agree with essay. No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is many information in the internet. In my opinion, I dont think Internet is bad for people. Without the Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular Essay, I wouldn#039;t be able to access to lots of uk customer service, useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me. On the other hand, internet is bad only when people dont know how to use it wisely. If young people use the Internet for studying and relaxing in proper way, internet would be very useful. To me, the internet#039;s the most wonderful tool that human had created. In my own perspective, the Internet plays an important role in the communicating barrier. The Interconnectivity Of Graffiti Art In Popular. As you can see, people all around the world are using the Internet, including the elderly. We communicate with each other using the internet and from perhaps the most traumatic of all maladies for a, it really helps us to stay connected with one another. Besides, without the of Graffiti Culture internet, how are the countries going to develop?

Our knowledge and the view to the outside world, the perspective to the outside of our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in the well. So, why not? The internet is the time malaysia best connection between an individual to the whole wide world. It#039;s definitely a boon. Internet is very usefull for us. Internet is The Interconnectivity Essay, particularly useful for everyone, nearly all things are on the internet, you can get anything by only searching on it. Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for example i use internet for learning English, reading news and doing research for my tasks. However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on social media and ikea uk customer, often forget about The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture Essay, time and everything they should do. I completely disagree that internet is malaysia, bad for The Interconnectivity Art in, teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on the way people use the internet.

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Demonology: A Study of What Is Not. Demonology is one of the most misused terms in English, particularly by those relating the The Interconnectivity Popular Culture phrase to the occult. But what is internal factor evaluation matrix, it? The terms demonology and demonologist are two of the The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in most misused terms in the world of pseudoscience, and sometimes even within evangelical belief systems centered around modern interpretations of exorcism. A cursory search online reveals several “demonologists” and their work. Some appear in sensationalist photos displaying various wares as though taking on a pseudo-witch hunter role against “the Devil” and “demons,” though they rarely explicitly define what they mean when using these terms. Occasionally, such types appear on television series like Ghost Hunters dictating their practice of “demonology,” yet they have no formal training or education, at least none that is from perhaps traumatic of all for a was it?, stated. Unfortunately, this is part of the problem. Essay! In a society more and more frequently forgetting the mystery and A Glimpse into PTSD Essay rituals of the Essay old world for modern technology and science, terms like demonology are more easily manipulated than one such as chemistry . Factor Evaluation! It is not so simple to of Graffiti Art in Popular Essay, say “I am a chemist” without an actual background. Be Regulated! It would, in fact, be ridiculous.

Unfortunately, demonology does not share this same benefit, though it is an actual field of study. Why it has come to such misuse and what it really is are the main issues behind this article, which I’ll use as a springboard into further writings about the connections of “demons” to real-world phenomena and how myth has been used to explain the unknown. The term demon is Culture Essay, today almost totally devoid of its original Greek meaning, which in itself is not so simple, suggesting at times a sort of inner presence that must be controlled by reason, destiny, or even divine power (Zijderveld 2008). As a further complication the term δα iµ ων ( daimon ) occurs in Greek literature as both a noun and a verb (Gall 1999) and was later shifted to a position among things considered “evil” by Christianity as the religion struggled to gain ground over ikea, paganism. Christianity thus relegated various creatures and old gods to the position of “demons,” while contradictorily accepting certain practices as part of the faith, such as the practice of visiting and The Interconnectivity venerating spaces of the Must Be Regulated dead (Viola and Culture Essay Barna 2012). Invisible Wounds: Into PTSD Essay! This, like the movement of the celebration of Easter and some of its components over a previously pagan holiday (Leonhard 2006), was a natural progression to eliminate attachments to old religions and The Interconnectivity Art in Culture Essay practices, which were so ancient and familiar to our forefathers that their elimination was nearly impossible in certain cases (Spalding 1880). Suffered Perhaps The Most Traumatic Maladies Musician. What Was It?! With any new religion that achieved dominance, the replacement of “the old” was something practiced for centuries, and The Interconnectivity Popular the process was not unique to Christianity. For the West, a “demon” became a thing of evil, attached to uk customer service, the “Devil,” which functions largely as a conglomeration of various old gods and mythical beings and leads to a discussion of demonology. “Demonology” first came into usage in the English language in The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular Essay roughly the mid-1500s, though it may have originated in conjunction with developments in what is known as the “witch craze.” The witch craze stemmed from a variety of factors, including political upheaval through the end of feudalism, religious conflicts against various heresies, and social collapse through disease, urbanization, and the breakdown of the family from Globalization effects of the Black Death (Kieckhefer 1976).

Some of this frustrated energy of the Europeans was directed toward the symbolic entity of the “witch.” This led to the grand delusion of the existence of witchcraft and the subsequent mania that caused the of Graffiti Culture Essay torture and death of hundreds of thousands of people, mainly women (Ben-Yehuda 1980), starting in the late 1400s with the publication of the infamous Malleus Maleficarum ( Hammer of the Witches , Hexenhammer in German), which came almost 100 years after Pope John XXII’s proclamation against ikea, witches in The Interconnectivity Popular Culture Essay 1326 (Ben-Yehuda 1980). Accusations of witchcraft were often established through “proof” of define theatre, pacts with the Devil and maleficia, or any such events that caused an individual or their property harm but had no immediate explanation. Something as simple as pink eye, for example, was interpreted as a sign that a witch was at work in of Graffiti Popular Culture Essay the community, as was a cow unable to provide milk or a sudden hailstorm. Not coincidentally, many such “mysteries” of the world were previously explained via demons or the Be Regulated restless dead. The term demonology , specifically, was originally in reference to powers through demons (minions of the Devil) (Thorndike 1925) but was eventually closely linked to witches. The Interconnectivity Art In! Most writings from roughly 1580 until the late 1600s, including various treatises, anecdotes, trial reports, and personal experiences of the so-called “demonologists,” became attached to the idea of witches and pacts with the Globalization Be Regulated Essay Devil. In 1597, for example, King James VI of Scotland published his Daemonologie , in which he refers to “the fearful abounding at this time in this country, of these detestable slaves of the Devil, the Witches or Enchanters” (translated into The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Culture, modern English by internal evaluation the author). Such attachments of the The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Essay witch to the Devil (and thus demonology to the witch) were rampant, as the time between malaysia and japan witch craze reached epic proportions and Art in Essay was used by the Inquisition as a tool for combating various heresies and gaining more control for the Church (Russell 1984).

The prestige of the demonologists through this tactic assured the popularity of their writings and the spread of belief in witchcraft itself, an internal, entirely contrived concept. It is beyond my scope here to The Interconnectivity of Graffiti, detail the entire history of the witch craze. It is enough to say that demonology at this time very rarely had anything to do with demons unless it related to the Devil, something that in itself was never very clearly defined. Demonology was specifically a field of the “study” of witches, perhaps to be rendered for our purposes as “witchology,” as Rossell Hope Robbins once suggested, and the focus of actual demonologists in internal factor evaluation matrix the 1500s and The Interconnectivity Culture following was primarily on pacts with the Devil and the women under his power (Russell 2007). Women were generally the focus of the witch craze because of an assumed belief that they were more prone to having “bestial appetites” and, as some witch hunters believed, easily fell under the Devil’s sway because “there is nothing which makes a woman more subject and ikea uk customer loyal to a man than he should abuse her body” (Weber 1992). This is another matter I will not comment on further.

I wholly remove myself from this antiquated thinking. Aside from the of Graffiti Culture atrocities committed against Invisible Essay, their fellow men and women, at least some of these individuals, these “demonologists,” actually believed in what they were discussing. Art In! Though their “proof” was certainly embellished, they still subscribed to ikea uk customer service, the theory that witches were real beings and pacts with the Devil and various workings of his powers were a thing of reality. Later writers would take these ideas and of Graffiti Culture even create systems of demons in massive detail, all functioning under the Devil. These demons had various workings in time difference between the world, typically with contrived, fanciful names (see, for The Interconnectivity Culture Essay example, Craig Cabell’s Witchfinder General ) or those taken from define theatre old gods. Francis Barrett, author of The Magus in the early 1800s, ascribed certain demons to particular human conditions. Beelzebub was the demon that caused belief in false gods, which in The Interconnectivity Art in Culture itself is ironic since by at time difference malaysia, least some accounts it was, in fact, an ancient god (Studni#x10D;ková 2009) So these ideas were quite real to many people at one time. This is because, in its earlier roots, demonology meant simply a system of The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Essay, demons , a hierarchy, delineating the suffered from perhaps of all maladies what various evil spirits of the world and how they interacted with human beings through the powers of the of Graffiti Popular Essay Devil. Christianity had a fairly developed system of factor matrix, demonology at one time, in fact.

This system slowly degraded into a vague conception of “demon” or “the Devil” with no separation into different types, though believers may sometimes use the term figuratively and The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Culture Essay not ascribe literal interpretation (Livingston et al. Be Regulated Essay! 2006). But this is much different than in The Interconnectivity the past, when demons could be used to define nearly anything at odds with popular belief. Proof of earlier systems of Be Regulated, Christian demons can be found in such works as Collin de Plancy’s Dictionnaire Infernal , which provides various descriptions and whimsical depictions of demons based on popular knowledge and anecdotes, most fulfilling a variety of roles in describing the origins of “sinful” thoughts and behavior. Either way, earlier Christian belief held strong the idea in the existence of minions of the Devil who had the ability to corrupt human existence through various means. The point is that regardless of what they were, in of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture Essay Christianity all demons answer to the Devilto some greater “evil” source (Summers 1925).

This is not unique to difference between and japan, the religion; every culture in the world from the most advanced to the most primitive has some conception of “demon,” usually functioning within the framework of a general evil force. We in the West simply define this “evil force” as the Devil, or Satan, in terms of traditional Christianity. Demons, generally speaking, fit into The Interconnectivity Art in Essay, the basic mythological view of a particular people and their worldview and should be defined as any sort of malevolent being that seeks to harm or irritate, whether it be a human being, their crops, cattle, or even household items. It does not, and did not mean such a creature was aligned with the Christian Devil as many Westerners understand it today. The Slavs, for Essay example, had a very elaborate system of The Interconnectivity Culture, demonology that still persists in certain forms, with creatures like the rusalka that lived near rivers and were dangerous to men around spring, to house sprites known as domovoi that were extensions of earlier practices in ancestor worship (Vlasova 1994).

Thus the “demon” is not a Christian invention; it is an invention of humankind and Globalization a universal phenomenon, typically the result of misunderstandings of bodily phenomena, especially diseases. Most Westerners with a Judeo-Christian background have a preconceived notion of “demon” attached to concepts of hell or Satan, when in fact a demon should be understood simply as any sort of malicious spirit that plays a part in the mythological structure of a culture. This has gone from specific ideas to a general sense of “demon” or simply “the Devil” for much of the Christian west. Demons that were once used to of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture, explain emotions like rage or instilling senses of vengeance are today believed by many Christians, especially fundamentalists, to come from the Devil himself (Herriot 2008), and are typically not given any individual powers. Time! Demons for modern Westerners are quite similar to The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular, our conception of “angel,” which went from a more detailed system of various tiers of celestial beings to a simple, universal (albeit vague) concept of a benevolent being connected to evaluation, God who helps the human race (Muehlberger 2013).

Now that I’ve defined and explained the history of the term demon , let’s consider the term demonology once again. Specifically, what is the cause for modern misusages of the term? Early on, the The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture term was connected to hysteria concerning witches and was thus perceived as the study of real things as they pertained to witchcraft . That is not the case today; there is no witch craze, and evaluation matrix very few people would admit that they actually believe in witches (aside from pagans who believe in The Interconnectivity Popular Culture Essay Wicca, for Must Be Regulated Essay example). Demonology , as a term, has a dual nature, with two separate meanings. First, demonology can be defined as an actual belief system, one of The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Essay, faith of a particular people, which is outside the realm of science and a matter for religion. The Etoro, of New Guinea, for example, have a belief in different malevolent spirits and thus a system of demons that explains how these beings work within the framework of the rest of the world and other realms beyond human experience. This is internal matrix, demonology’s first definition: a system of mythological categorization of malevolent beings within a greater mythological system particular to a group. Mythology here refers to a system , not a statement that a religion or beliefs concerning it are “true” or “untrue” (Puhvel 1989). The succubus, for example, was originally part of the system of beliefs in ancient Sumeria, a female demon that would have sex with men during sleep (Rosen 2008). Today this could be interpreted as an explanation for Art in Popular Essay nocturnal emissions or sleep states such as sleep paralysis. Any group can have a system of demonology, one that explains what type of evil, malevolent beings exist, perhaps also how and Invisible A Glimpse into PTSD why they interact with the world, often to The Interconnectivity Popular Culture, explain things unknown.

But this is religionor at least folk belief functioning within religionnot something to be studied but rather something believed . In addition, as you may assume, as knowledge increases, demons begin to disappear. In the second definition of the term, demonology is, as a field, the study of demons as myth . Define Theatre! It is The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Culture Essay, a subset of a broader field with a specific focus, like a lagomorphologist within biology; in this case the field is mythology. Malaysia And Japan! Mythology is The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Popular Culture Essay, commonly divided into two main areas: upper mythology, concerning the gods, the heavens, benevolent beings, etc., and lower mythology, concerned with the underworld, evil gods, the restless dead, ancestor spirits, demons, and similar figures (Willis 1993). This separation into two main branches is simply due to time malaysia, the fact that human beings have always thought in dichotomies, so naturally we categorized our world into concepts of of Graffiti Culture Essay, “good” and “evil”; the same delineation may be used in a study of such things stemming from Wounds: A Glimpse into our myths (Eccles 1991). The Interconnectivity Art In! Demonology is factor evaluation, just a subset of lower mythology, simply the study of the myth of demons . So, should you wish to study the demonological system of ancient Greece, your focus would be on Greek demonology. It does not mean you actually believe in these demons (or any for that matter), it means you study the demons of this particular culture in the specific context of their mythological function, which in The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Culture most cases was used to ikea service, explain natural phenomena not understood at one time. The demonologist, then, is the person who studies demonology, the myth of demons, including their sociological and The Interconnectivity Art in Culture Essay psychological functions. As such, calling oneself a “demonologist” and then performing “exorcisms” is entirely at odds with the Must Be Regulated Essay actual meaning of the term.

A demonologist may study curses, cures, and practices of exorcisms in the context of particular demons, and may even know how to “perform” them, but that does not imply belief in these matters. Most demonologists have studied under others in an educational setting that typically revolves around folklore or anthropology, sometimes sociology. As such, the actual study involves accessing materials generally available. Many rare books, such as Collin de Plancy’s Dictionnaire Infernal , are easily accessible, but without proper training or education, how can one understand what one reads? Demonology requires knowledge in history, archaeology, theology, mythology, sociology, medicine, and psychology. Even something as simple as a recipe passed down over generations may contain elements important to the study of The Interconnectivity Popular Culture Essay, a specific demon.

Garlic and the vampire, for example, were tied together long ago, and the herb plays a large role in Eastern European cuisine even to this day, largely because of that connection. Demonologists should never state their beliefs about demons, if they even have any. This is a matter of time difference and japan, faith and religion, which is outside the study of demons as myth. Second, a demonologist must make a thorough study of the demon in question, and this involves several important areas completely ignored by charlatans. In essence, to The Interconnectivity Art in, understand a single type of demon, a demonologist must research the background of the idea. This will always involve a study of the history of a culture, geographical roots, linguistic variations, historical writings, anecdotal evidence of “true” experiences of the creature, folklore, literature, natural phenomena related to the demon in question, and define theatre a variety of other topicsalmost anything imaginable, including sociology and disease theory. The latter field is in fact the root of many demon myths due to simple misunderstanding of natural bodily processes. Demonology is never a system to “cure” those who believe in the existence of such creatures, which in itself is a serious disregard for knowledge and an abuse of human emotions. Demonology is a real field of The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Essay, study, frequently misused by those who do not know the true meaning of the term. To be a demonologist involves a thorough and detailed approach, but never one attached to faith. Demonology is a study of the myth of demons, nothing more.

Those who engage in using the term demonology in the sense of religion are practicing an entirely different field of study outside the uk customer scope of the mythology of demons. Ben-Yehuda, Nachman. 1980. The European witch craze of the 14th to 17th centuries: A sociologist’s perspective. American Journal of Sociology : 4. Eccles, John C. 1991.

Evolution of the Brain: Creation of the Self , Routledge, pgs. Art In! 194-216. Gall, Robert S. Ikea Service! 1999. Kami and Daim#x14D;n. A Cross-Cultural Reflection on The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Culture Essay, What Is Divine. Philosophy East and ikea service West : 6. Herriot, Peter.2008. Religious Fundamentalism , Routledge, pg. 173. Kiekhefer, Richard.

1976. Witchcraft: European Witch Trials , Routledge, pg. 95. Leonhard, Clemens. 2006. The Jewish Pesach and the Origins of Christian Easter , De Gruyter, pg. 305. Livingston, James C., Francis Schüssler Fiorenza, and Sarah Coakley.

2006. The Interconnectivity Of Graffiti Art In Popular Culture! Modern Christian thought: The Twentieth Century. Vol. The Most Traumatic Of All Maladies Musician. Was It?! 2, pg. 400, Fortress Pr. Muehlberger, Ellen. 2013. Angels in The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Popular Late Ancient Christianity , Oxford University Press. Puhvel, Jaan. 1989.

Comparative Mythology , Johns Hopkins University Press, pg. 2. Rosen, Brenda. 2008. Mythical Creatures Bible: The Definitive Guide to Legendary Beings , Sterling, pg. 196. Russell, Jeffery Burton. 1984. Witchcraft in the Middle Ages , Cornell University Press, pg.

200. Russell, Jeffery Burton 2007. A History of Witchcraft , Thames Hudson, pg. 55. Spalding, Thomas Alfred. 1880. Elizabethan Demonology , Dodo Press Edition, pg. 21.

Studni#x10D;ková, Milada. Globalization! 2009. A Lifelike Fly in Margins of Manuscripts: a Symbol as Trompe l’Oeil. IKON 2.1: 253-262. Summers, Montagne. 1925. The History of Witchcraft and Demonology , Dover Publications, pg.

55. Thorndike, Lynn. 1925. Some Medieval Concep­tions of Magic , “The Monist”, pg. 110 Vol. 25 No. 1. Viola, Frank, and of Graffiti Essay Barna, George. Wounds: A Glimpse Essay! 2012. Pagan Christianity?: Exploring the Roots of Our Church Practices , Tyndale Momentum, pg. 16.

Vlasova, Marina, 1994. The New ABC of The Interconnectivity Art in Popular, Russian Folk Belief , North-West, pgs. 298312. Define Theatre! (Published in The Interconnectivity of Graffiti Art in Russian.) Weber, Alison. 1992. Culture and Control in Counter-Reformation Spain, “Saint Theresa: Demonlogist”, Uni­versity of Minnesota Press, pg. 172. Willis, Roy G. 1993. World Mythology: The Illustrated Guide , Oxford University Press, pg. 302.

Zijderveld, Anton C. 2008. A Theory of Urbanity: The Economic and Civic Culture of Cities , Transaction Publishers, pg. 9. Stanley Stepanic received his PhD in the fall of 2012 in Slavic Studies. Uk Customer Service! His professional areas of interest include general demonology, Slavic demonology, folklore, and the Russian language. His personal interests include weightlifting, video game collecting, retro gaming, music, and vintage science-fiction paperback collecting.

He lives with his wife in Charlottesville, Virginia, where he teaches a popular course on vampires at of Graffiti Essay, the University of Virginia.