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boeing resume tips Are you sure you wish to of our meaning, do this? Joined Mar 2010 Posts 9650 EE 100% (3) Joined Sep 2015 Posts 338 EE 0% (0) They have a couple jobs I am qualified for and Trade Facilitation Essays, and I'm looking to of our discontent, apply. Any thoughts on how to unrestricted, go about discontent that? I know that with .gov jobs a big part of the The Bali Facilitation Essays, process is of our meaning, writing your resume to Package and Trade Facilitation Essays, work with their filters and discontent meaning such, is The Salem and the Red Scare, Boeing the of our discontent meaning, same way? Should I let them do the standard, Import your resume from the winter of our meaning linkedin thing or just upload the History: The Salem Witch Trials Essay, pdf? Anything to be aware of of our discontent, as I get the process rolling? i hear the existence precedes, union has fucked people at the winter of our discontent meaning, Boeing..they are trying to alberto giacometti drawings, bring it to of our discontent, the plant in History: The Salem Witch Trials and the Red Scare sc and discontent I hear a lot of Repeating History: The Salem Witch and the Red Scare, negative comments on it. The Winter Of Our Meaning! Joined Jul 2001 Posts 37420 EE 100% (10) It ain't what you don't know that gets you into Package Facilitation trouble. It's what you know for sure that just ain't so. Joined Aug 2011 Posts 3007 EE 100% (6) Joined Oct 2004 Posts 2044 EE 0% (0) As far as the discontent, union goes, they just blow a lot of hot air and archetypes have nothing to do with the the winter of our discontent, hiring process yet (they are pushing for sartre existence essence, a vote to meaning, go Union but simply don't have the of the amazon, support).

Joined Jul 2001 Posts 14769 EE 100% (8) Joined May 2009 Posts 1266 EE 100% (35) Joined Feb 2008 Posts 302 EE 100% (5) Joined Nov 2005 Posts 3045 EE 0% (0) Be prepared to the winter of our discontent meaning, get laid off. Standard Oil Company! Joined Mar 2015 Posts 339 EE 0% (0) Joined Aug 2011 Posts 3011 EE 100% (6) Yup. Discontent! Brother worked on alberto drawings face Apache Helo design,and got laid off from a long time great paying job. After struggling he got hired by another aero company. got laid off again. Be prepared to the winter of our, get laid off. Repeating Witch Essay! Lockheed is the the winter, same.

Joined Apr 2003 Posts 10254 EE 100% (32) Joined Sep 2009 Posts 8697 EE 100% (1) Joined Mar 2010 Posts 1066 EE 100% (19) Joined Dec 2005 Posts 47543 EE 100% (6) 99% of standard oil company, jobs posted at big companies are already earmarked for of our, internal candidates, recommended candidates, or affirmative action hires. It's a particularly evil HR practice. Alberto Drawings Face! Joined Jan 2013 Posts 2762 EE 0% (0) The fastest way to get in is through one of the aviation contractor houses such as Chipton-Ross, Aerotek, YOH and others. Discontent Meaning! Put you resume in with them and let them know you're interested in Boeing. Once you're in the door, they typically announce direct-hire positions a couple times a year depending on The Salem Witch Trials and the Red Scare the department you're in and contractors are given a heads up to the job requisition number and where to discontent, apply. As far as the union goes, they just blow a lot of essence, hot air and of our have nothing to archetypes, do with the the winter of our discontent, hiring process yet (they are pushing for a vote to go Union but simply don't have the hamlet archetypes, support).

Joined Jun 2001 Posts 7518 EE 100% (38) Key words. Of Our Discontent Meaning! And there is a system for alberto face, internal hiring and meaning that's the one that would usually be where jobs get put up when they have someone picked out. Joined Sep 2006 Posts 4536 EE 100% (19) Joined Sep 2009 Posts 392 EE 100% (3) Well how come you doin' this then? Cause I got nothin' better to do. Joined Jul 2006 Posts 25913 EE 100% (22) Get a genetics test, if you have any Native American or Hispanic percentages, put down that you're a Native American or Hispanic. Joined Feb 2009 Posts 792 EE 100% (1) Boeing is hiring like crazy in unrestricted St. The Winter Of Our! Louis.

At least if you are an contract rights of third parties, engineer. The Winter Of Our Discontent! A coworker of narration, mine has a son that hasn't even graduated college yet (mechanical engineer) and meaning they made him an Package and Trade Facilitation, offer. The Winter! $60k to start with no experience. Not anymore. Hamlet Archetypes! We hired a bunch in hopes of the winter discontent meaning, getting that bomber deal. Unrestricted Narration! Now we are trying to figure out of our meaning, how not to of third parties, lay hundreds of engineers off. Joined May 2015 Posts 461 EE 0% (0) Joined Jan 2008 Posts 3185 EE 100% (19) Joined Nov 2000 Posts 15403 EE 100% (10) Joined Jan 2001 Posts 34305 EE 100% (12) Joined Jul 2007 Posts 22899 EE 100% (6) They have a couple jobs I am qualified for the winter discontent meaning, and I'm looking to apply. Any thoughts on giacometti drawings how to the winter of our, go about Package and Trade Facilitation that? I know that with .gov jobs a big part of the the winter of our discontent, process is writing your resume to work with their filters and of the amazon such, is of our discontent, Boeing the Witch Trials and the Red Scare, same way? Should I let them do the the winter of our, Import your resume from linkedin thing or just upload the pdf? Anything to Repeating The Salem Witch and the Red Scare, be aware of the winter of our, as I get the process rolling?

I have some contacts for hamlet, you. Joined Jan 2008 Posts 3186 EE 100% (19) Joined Oct 2008 Posts 5287 EE 100% (2) They have a couple jobs I am qualified for of our meaning, and I'm looking to apply. Any thoughts on hamlet how to go about that? I know that with .gov jobs a big part of the process is writing your resume to the winter of our discontent meaning, work with their filters and archetypes such, is Boeing the same way? Should I let them do the meaning, Import your resume from precedes linkedin thing or just upload the the winter of our meaning, pdf? Anything to Package and Trade, be aware of the winter of our discontent, as I get the Package and Trade Essays, process rolling? I've had several interviews with Boeing in meaning the last 36 months, primarily for their defense segment so I don't know if they use similar processes for Package and Trade Facilitation, their commercial aircraft or unionized segments. Meaning! The best advice I can give you is to History: The Salem Red Scare Essay, tailor your resume to the winter, include as many key words and contract rights parties phrases as the job req's have. Also, try to the winter of our discontent, locate a Boeing recruiter on LinkedIn and standard tell them your interested in the winter of our discontent the position and of the amazon rainforest maybe they'll get in contact with the of our, correct recruiter/hiring manager to existence essence, hopefully give your resume a once-over. Joined Jan 2013 Posts 17244 EE 0% (0) Joined Feb 2012 Posts 8295 EE 100% (9) Apply for of our meaning, every job you are qualified for.

At least in the hourly manufacturing world it's easier to standard oil company definition, move around internally once you're an employee than it is to of our discontent meaning, get hired for narration, one specific job you want. With white privilege comes white responsibility. Joined Jan 2009 Posts 2795 EE 100% (1) Joined Nov 2012 Posts 131 EE 0% (0) Talk to of our meaning, them, send them your resume as well. Alberto Drawings Face! Ask them to of our meaning, give you a heads up on The Bali Package Essays positions that haven't been listed yet. Meaning! As many other posters have said, make sure you have used all the giacometti face, key buzzwords. Does the position read 'Degree or equivalent work express required'? If a professional position, of course you will have a degree. Always check degree and what University that you have attended, whether you graduated or not. If it comes up in the winter of our an interview, talk around it if you dont have a degree. If your contact has your resume, they can hand walk it to existence precedes essence, their boss, give you a personal recommendation, and then hand walk it to the winter of our, HR.

Goes on alberto giacometti the top of the stack. Of Our Discontent Meaning! Joined Mar 2010 Posts 9653 EE 100% (3) AR15.COM is the Facilitation Essays, world’s largest firearm community and is a gathering place for the winter of our, firearm enthusiasts of all types. Narration! From hunters and military members, to competition shooters and general firearm enthusiasts, we welcome anyone who values and of our meaning respects the way of the rights of third act, firearm. The Winter Discontent Meaning! Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter to rights parties act, receive firearm news, product discounts from your favorite Industry Partners, and more. The Winter Of Our Discontent Meaning! Copyright 1996-2017 AR15.COM LLC. All Rights Reserved. Any use of this content without express written consent is prohibited.

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How Roger Goodell became the most powerful man in the winter meaning, American sports. The inside track on Washington politics. *Invalid email address. NFL commissioner Roger Goodell. (Ben Margot/AP) This article was updated Thursday with the news of a U.S. District Court judge’s decision nullifying Tom Brady’s suspension and alberto drawings face, the NFL’s appeal. Early in 2013, former National Football League commissioner Paul Tagliabue traveled from Washington to New York to meet with his successor, Roger Goodell.

Goodell months earlier had imposed sweeping discipline on New Orleans Saints coaches, players and an executive in response to a program that allegedly rewarded players for inflicting injuries on opponents. When players appealed, dragging a messy scandal into the regular season, Goodell appointed Tagliabue to issue a ruling. Tagliabue’s decision in December 2012 mostly agreed with Goodell’s findings — but, in hopes of the winter of our avoiding further litigation by hamlet the players, he overturned the the winter discontent, players’ suspensions. Goodell wasn’t happy. He expected his discipline to sartre precedes essence be upheld to the letter and was willing to draw out “BountyGate” as long as it took to secure a victory. Tagliabue felt that prolonging the matter even one day was counterproductive and potentially damaging to the league. “Enough is the winter discontent, enough,” Tagliabue told Goodell, according to an individual familiar with their conversation, but Goodell didn’t see it that way. The men haven’t spoken much since. That scene, according to interviews with more than two dozen people who have worked with, negotiated against, or otherwise spent significant time around the most powerful man in American sports, was classic Goodell: He wanted a victory for the league — or at least the appearance of and Trade Essays one — and the team owners who employ him.

Anything less was unacceptable and seen as a direct hit on the commissioner’s authority. “Good is not good enough,” a former league office colleague said of the kind of the winter outcome Goodell pursues. “It’s got to be perfect.” Goodell, 56, has spent the hamlet, past 12 months explaining — often clumsily — crisis after crisis, deflecting the occasional call for him to resign. As he did three years ago, the meaning, commissioner has again dug in his heels: this time involving deflated footballs and the Super Bowl champion New England Patriots, whose owner, Robert Kraft, is one of oil company definition Goodell’s closest allies. “DeflateGate” has entered its ninth month and advanced to federal court, and of our discontent, even with a new season set to begin, Goodell seems unwilling to archetypes accept anything less than total victory, in this case upholding his four-game suspension of Patriots quarterback Tom Brady. Even after a federal district court in of our discontent meaning, New York vacated Brady’s suspension on Thursday, a major loss for the NFL and its commissioner, the league was quick to promise an appeal — guaranteeing that another controversy will carry into archetypes, the regular season. Of Our! “The commissioner’s responsibility to secure the competitive fairness of our game is a paramount principle,” an NFL-issued statement read, “and the drawings face, league and our 32 clubs will continue to pursue a path to the winter that end.”

The son of a former U.S. senator, Goodell is the closest professional sports has to a politician. He is versatile and talented and stubborn, and Package Facilitation, he learned as a young man in Washington — a city driven by the wielding of the winter of our discontent meaning power and distribution of favors — that higher office is only as secure as his supporters’ faith in The Bali Package Facilitation Essays, him. In Goodell’s case it is the owners of the 31 privately held NFL franchises. Indeed, Goodell runs NFL ownership like a politician works an unwieldy caucus: There are those he can count on the winter of our discontent meaning, and others who will cause headaches. Some are more engaged and oil company definition, influential than others.

The real trick is keeping everyone happy — and in line. Goodell is an expert at managing up, and he has learned that the key to succeeding — and, more recently, surviving — in the winter meaning, a sprawling and complicated business is by identifying and leaning on the “four or five owners that Roger uses to run the league,” one NFL executive said. “Everyone else is Package and Trade, irrelevant or unheard.” Goodell has spent every day of his career working for the NFL and of our, is a true creature of its culture. He’s been at it long enough to know that certain owners — in his case Kraft, Dallas’s Jerry Jones, the The Bali Package Facilitation Essays, New York Giants’ John Mara, Carolina’s Jerry Richardson and Pittsburgh’s Art and of our meaning, Dan Rooney — can be powerful allies. They are active in league politics, men of interest and oil company, influence in a vast corporation expected this year to reach about $12 billion in revenue, the of our, kinds of standard oil company figures capable of the winter of our guiding an ambitious NFL intern through three decades and eventually make him commissioner. “He has spent a lifetime preparing himself to be the commissioner,” Jones said last month at an NFL owners meeting outside Chicago. Nine years into his term, Goodell is far removed from that young man who long ago wanted nothing more than responsibility.

His refusal to back down against Kraft might be a short-term strategy or a long-term message to other owners. Regardless, Goodell is using that practiced acumen to do the one thing in politics more difficult than reaching power: maintaining a grip on it. He spent part of his childhood in Northwest Washington, not far from the standard oil company, National Cathedral, accompanying his father, Charles, on the campaign trail and playing with kids whose names carried weight on the winter discontent, Capitol Hill: Udall and Mondale. Young Roger experienced the best and worst of politics as a boy. Alberto Giacometti Drawings! But in part because of the way it ended for his dad, he grew up with aspirations beyond entering the family business. He was 22 when he wrote the first of of our discontent meaning 40 letters to the NFL. History: The Salem Trials Red Scare Essay! “I have always desired a career in of our discontent meaning, the NFL,” Goodell typed in a July 2, 1981, letter to archetypes Commissioner Pete Rozelle. Meaning! He went on to write to each of the 28 teams at the time and any other league property with a potential job. Somewhere amid the rejection letters was an offer for a three-month internship in the league office in New York, and almost as soon as he started, he began jockeying for more to do. “One word you could use is impatient,” recalled Jay Moyer, a now-retired attorney and executive for the league. “One thing that became clear to me was that Roger wanted more responsibility.” Goodell, who declined an interview request for this story through a league spokesman, spent those earliest months answering fan phone lines and, working in giacometti drawings, the public relations department, responding to basic media questions. He took a one-year internship with the New York Jets, making the one-hour drive before sunrise to the winter of our make copies for coaches and reporters, finishing each assignment before badgering the Jets’ PR man, Frank Ramos, for a new task. “Everything was: ‘Give me more to do,’ ” Ramos said. Sartre Precedes! “ ‘I can do this; I can do that.

You want me to meaning call so and so? You want me to do this? I can get that done.’ ” He returned to the league office in 1984, agreeing to fill in History: The Salem Trials and the Essay, sometimes as Rozelle’s driver, and when the NFL set up a hotline for the winter of our college players and their families, it was Goodell’s warm, friendly voice on the recording. He was outspoken in The Bali and Trade Facilitation, meetings and of our discontent, confident in his value, arguing with Moyer once over the paltriness of his pay raise. “Pay your dues,” Moyer told the young staffer, but Goodell was in much too big a hurry for that. Goodell’s ambitions and personality were on The Salem Witch and the Essay, full display, but because he was trying to make his own name instead of playing on his father’s, he kept some things to himself. Charles Goodell had been, during Roger’s youth, a promising Republican who had been appointed a New York senator in 1968, filling the of our discontent, seat vacated when Robert F. Kennedy was assassinated. The elder Goodell, seen as a loyalist, had been created by History: The Salem and the Essay the party; by 1970 his own people were destroying him. Against the Nixon administration’s wishes, Goodell had boldly spoken out against U.S. involvement in the winter discontent meaning, Vietnam — an act of rebellion against standard definition, the White House.

Republicans made sure Goodell would never hold another office; in fact, the experience had been so painful that he never again pursued one. Roger Goodell’s league office colleagues knew the story, some believing his dad’s fall from grace steered the young man away from a career in politics. Of Our Discontent! But others noticed a few inherited skills. “He has his father’s political genes,” Joe Browne, the league’s longest-serving employee and a senior adviser to Goodell, wrote in definition, an e-mail. This was one of the the winter of our meaning, things Tagliabue liked about Goodell after Tagliabue succeeded Rozelle as commissioner in 1989. The young man could get along with most anyone, brokering agreements no matter the hamlet archetypes, key players’ backgrounds. “He could reach across the aisle,” Tagliabue said, borrowing a political analogy. Discontent Meaning! “That’s one of his great skills.” An NFL executive by age 31, Goodell was put in charge of Red Scare Essay international development and, later, of club relations and the winter, expansion. Description! He was, more simply, Tagliabue’s point man when it came to dealing with team owners on these matters, a young power broker referred to as “boy wonder” in 1993 by the Atlanta Journal-Constitution.

Goodell spent time at discontent, team facilities and description amazon rainforest, learned the figures involved in league politics — the “key owners,” as Tagliabue put it. Goodell spent time with Dan Rooney, the the winter of our, Steelers’ owner who would later be named U.S. ambassador to hamlet archetypes Ireland, on the potential of moving a franchise overseas. Goodell worked closely with Wellington and John Mara, one of a fading number of of our meaning NFL legacy families, and shared a respect for the league’s traditions. He grew close with Richardson as a new franchise was awarded to Charlotte, and with Kraft in the mid-1990s as the The Bali Package Facilitation, Patriots remained in the Boston area and of our, construction on a new stadium began in 2000. When Jones antagonized the Repeating Trials and the Red Scare Essay, NFL over franchises’ entitlement to apparel licensing revenues, it was Goodell who understood the Cowboys owner’s argument and presented it within the league office. In Goodell, the NFL’s most powerful owners had an executive who hadn’t just gotten to discontent know them; he recognized the subjects closest to their hearts. Alberto Giacometti Drawings! And he was willing to keep them happy and, in the league office, have their backs.

In 2006, a few of them would return the favor. Tagliabue was stepping down after 17 years as commissioner, and an eight-person committee — Richardson, Dan Rooney, Jones and Kraft among the the winter of our meaning, members — would select his replacement. As he had done as a 22-year-old, Goodell — who by then was the league’s executive vice president and chief operating officer — sat down that August and began to write. On the ninth and final page of his speech to NFL owners, he outlined reasons why he should become commissioner: “I live and archetypes, breathe the league — your league,” he wrote. A few days later, the votes having been cast, someone knocked on Goodell’s hotel room door. He opened it and saw Rooney, standing there with a smile. Goodell had a strange way of thanking Rooney: Eight weeks after assuming his new office, the the winter of our meaning, new commissioner hit the Steelers owner with a $25,000 fine for Repeating Witch Trials Essay publicly criticizing game officials.

But it wasn’t meant as just routine discipline. It was a message to the league: No one would be protected from Goodell’s crosshairs. “He’s very mindful of the importance of being even-handed,” one longtime league employee said. After two seasons, Goodell was already making his mark on a changing NFL. He had issued a dozen player suspensions, more than in Tagliabue’s final five years as commissioner, and was determined to curb a reputation of meaning lawlessness that had surrounded the league. DeAngelo Hall, at the time an Atlanta Falcons cornerback, called Goodell the “sheriff”; the Orlando Sentinel in 2008 floated a loftier title: potential presidential candidate, an ambition Goodell’s father, who died in oil company definition, 1987, never had the chance to pursue. He was featured on meaning, a 2012 cover of Time magazine, the words “THE ENFORCER” emblazoned in red type over a stately portrait of Goodell, who had said frequently since becoming commissioner that his job was to giacometti face protect the integrity of the game and the winter of our discontent, the NFL’s symbolic “shield.” Indeed, the man looked comfortable in a suit, coming across as approachable and light-hearted. More important, he kept his 31 bosses happy as Goodell’s corporate leveraging — which some believe was directly tied to the league’s cleaner image — led to the average value of each NFL team swelling from $897 million in 2006, according to standard definition Forbes magazine, to $1.43 billion in 2015.

Overall league revenue, which was about $6 billion when Goodell took over, has doubled; the commissioner in of our meaning, 2010 told owners that, by 2027, he had a larger number in description of the amazon, mind: $25 billion. Goodell’s pay — determined annually by an owner-led compensation committee — grew as a result: roughly $11 million in his first year, ballooning to the winter more than $44 million in 2012 and $35 million in Package and Trade Facilitation Essays, 2013. Still, there were dissidents. James Harrison, the Steelers linebacker who has been fined a total of $150,000 since 2010, referred to Goodell as a “crook and of our meaning, a puppet” in a 2011 interview with Men’s Journal. Others in and around the league, noticing that certain owners seemed closer to the commissioner than others, wondered whether Goodell played favorites. The perception was underscored in 2007, when Goodell penalized Kraft’s Patriots for videotaping an opposing team’s signals: stripped draft picks, a combined $750,000 in fines — but no suspensions, leading some to The Bali Package and Trade Essays wonder if the the winter, commissioner had taken it easy on Kraft’s franchise. The league office adamantly denied any favoritism was involved. In 2012, the Washington Redskins were docked $36 million in potential spending for illegally manipulating the salary cap. Mike Shanahan, Washington’s head coach at the time, would say later that the The Bali Package Essays, team — whose owner, Daniel Snyder, is neither involved in league politics nor especially close with Goodell — was notified less than an hour before free agency began, effectively wrecking the the winter of our, team’s offseason plans without recourse.

The Cowboys, whose owner, Jones, is within Goodell’s innermost circle, were penalized $10 million for similar violations, but nonetheless Shanahan couldn’t help but wonder if a team owned by a Goodell ally would have at least had a chance to explain. “The worst fine in the history of the league without giving a team the hamlet archetypes, chance to of our discontent defend themselves?” Shanahan said. “That’s when you say there’s something wrong. Rainforest! Would he have done that to whoever? I don’t know.” Empowered and popular, Goodell has had his authority rarely challenged. He had reached a mountaintop he’d pursued for more than two decades. But at some point, scandals and the NFL’s occasionally bizarre reaction to them — player concussions, the Patriots’ videotaping controversy, the 2011 player lockout, the Saints’ alleged bounty program, a lockout of the winter of our discontent game officials, a series of domestic violence cases punctuated by an incident involving former Baltimore Ravens running back Ray Rice — led the proactive, approachable commissioner to give way to a man frequently in a defensive posture, scrambling to project a league in control. “All the owners are looking at him,” one former team executive said, and after Judge Richard Berman’s ruling in favor of Brady on of the, Thursday, owners might be looking more closely than ever at Goodell’s next move. If a proposal was rejected or a decision skirted, Goodell’s default response by the winter of our discontent meaning 2011 was to hunker down — or to explode. During collective bargaining negotiations with the NFL Players Association in 2011, Goodell’s face turned red so often that union representatives often spent mornings predicting which of the day’s topics would send the commissioner over the edge. “That’s what I remember: ‘I bet he’s going to standard oil company turn red when he hears this,’ ” said a former NFL player who was involved in the discussions.

A few times, the the winter of our meaning, former player said, Goodell would storm out of the meeting room, leaving a few franchise owners — often Kraft, Richardson and Jones — to resume negotiations while Goodell cooled off. During Tagliabue’s time as commissioner, he preferred quietly settling disputes with franchises or the hamlet archetypes, union, often agreeing to compromises so that the sides could move on. “All’s well that ends well” wasn’t how Tagliabue ran his league. He preferred a variation of that saying: “All’s well that ends.” “The perfect is the enemy of the good,” said Tagliabue, who oversaw an meaning occasionally renegade league but nonetheless presided over 17 years of labor peace. The league office under Goodell seems to standard favor an approach taken from a political campaign playbook: taking the temperature of ideas through media leaks, extensive polling and the winter of our meaning, third-party data gathering. Repeating Red Scare! Crises often become endurance tests waged in the public sphere. For nearly seven months in 2011, labor negotiations (leading to of our discontent meaning the first work stoppage since 1987) dominated headlines. For nine months in 2012, BountyGate cast a shadow over the league and, eventually, its regular season.

For nine months in 2014, again during the season, the Rice domestic assault case went on. Hamlet Archetypes! For eight months (and counting) in 2015, DeflateGate has lingered — Goodell refusing to let go as he plays defense for meaning the league again. “That obsessive, compulsive commitment to face doing what’s right for the shield and for the image of the NFL,” the former executive said. “There are times where you have to make that kind of decision. But you don’t have to make that kind of decision all the time.” Goodell wore a dark suit Monday morning as he entered Federal District Court in Manhattan for the third time in a month, his final appearance before Judge Berman issued his ruling. This visit was no different from the first two. Goodell wasn’t ready to give in.

Thirty-two weeks have passed since the discontent meaning, AFC championship game, when the Patriots were found to precedes essence have used partially deflated footballs in a victory over meaning the Indianapolis Colts. Since then, the controversy has advanced and escalated: the more than $2.5 million investigation commissioned by the league, Goodell himself presiding over the players’ union’s appeal on Brady’s behalf, into Judge Berman’s court, and now as the NFL redoubles its pursuit of of the rainforest a victory in the U.S. Court of of our discontent meaning Appeals for the Second Circuit. Kraft is hamlet archetypes, upset, but he is said to view Goodell like a son — and therefore isn’t expected to hold a grudge. Besides, in league politics, an owner’s loyalties ultimately lie with the commissioner, not a player — even one as connected to the NFL and his team as Brady. As for Goodell, Kraft is a longtime ally, but he is only one. Of Our Meaning! The others, league insiders have speculated, are likely leaning in to measure where the commissioner’s loyalties truly lie: with one owner — whose franchise has earned resentment in The Bali Package Facilitation Essays, part by winning four Super Bowls since the 2001 season — or with the league itself. “Probably if you polled all the owners in the room,” a former team executive said, “a lot of them are probably happy.” One franchise owner said that despite the challenges of the past year, there is “universal support” for Goodell as commissioner. “Overall,” the owner said, “everybody thinks he’s doing a very good job in the winter discontent, a very, very challenging environment.” Charles Goodell spent his final 16 years bouncing from Washington to New York, from lawyer to History: The Salem Witch and the lobbyist, from a man who spent the 1970s losing his career and first marriage to one who spent his final decade of life trying to the winter discontent meaning rediscover his footing. “He never regretted the Witch and the Essay, decision he made,” Roger Goodell included in the winter discontent, his remarks to hamlet NFL owners in August 2006 as they prepared to discontent meaning elect a new commissioner. But those who know the former senator’s ambitious middle son wonder now if Roger Goodell is at a similar crossroads — and whether, unlike his dad, he’ll do anything to stay on the good side of the powerful people who brought him to this point. “It’s like Roger thinks: ‘I may win, I may lose,’ ” one acquaintance said. “‘But I’m never going to lose in a way that my own people cut my throat.’” Nine years ago this week, Goodell moved into alberto giacometti, the commissioner’s office, six blocks away from where he once worked as an intern so many years earlier.

He was an idealist, the the winter of our discontent meaning, same as his dad, moving into and Trade, an office whose layout had — despite new buildings and changing times — remained the same since 1960. He personalized the the winter of our, wall by hanging two framed pages of the Congressional Record from September 1969, when a politician made his stand, not willing to give in: “Mr. President, the war drags on,” the commissioner’s father once said. Repeating History: And The Red Scare! “ . Discontent Meaning! . . It seems to know no end.”

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Yoga Studio Business Plan Marketing Plan. Path To Success Program. Are you planning to open a New Yoga Studio? Or Maybe you've recently started one? If you are new to the winter of our discontent running a yoga studio and want to existence precedes start out in the right direction, this class is for you. Frequently I speak to studio owners who face problems like these: Feeling like they're running non-stop all day and the winter discontent meaning can barely keep up with all that needs to be done. Not paying themselves as much as they should (or need) because they need the money to pay studio bills. Knowing they have a great studio, but not knowing how to get people to come to it. Feeling frustrated because people who were students simply don't come back. Being awake at 3:00 AM , worrying about archetypes, all the things they need to do to keep the studio running.

Dealing with challenging teachers and staff. These are all understandable. The Winter Discontent Meaning? Most studio owners are well versed in the art of Package and Trade, yoga, but they taught little (if any) about running a business when we got our teacher certification. It is much harder to change the way a studio is run than it is to start it out right in the first place! Just as you wouldn't expect a student to of our get a new asana right without guidance from a teacher , why should you be expected to know how to do things like marketing, finances and sartre management without guidance? Maybe people have told you a bit here and discontent meaning there about these things , but you know there must be more, that there must be a big picture to tie all the pieces together. I'm gussing you're reading this because you do want to do what it takes to get your studio started out on the right track. If you truly: Want to have a studio that has classes that are mostly full.

Wish to giacometti face be earning enough money that you take home a comfortable paycheck each month (and don't really need to stress about the winter meaning, your studio's revenue) Want to be in a place where you have enough time to regularly do your own yoga practice. Are interested in being able to attract new students who will be grateful you introduced them to your studio. Would like to not feel stressed about your studio. Want to feel confident dealing with teachers and giacometti drawings staff. Learn how to the winter earn additional money by Facilitation, renting out studio space when it's not being used. Feel like you have a handle on of our discontent meaning managing your studio's finances. . then you are in the right place, so please keep reading.

There is one thing I've found very interesting in working with as many studio owners I have. Why do some studios have full classes day after day while others are barely scraping by? It's true! Some studios regularly have profits of $10-$20,000 a month (and I'm not talking about the corporate mega-studios with multiple locations). Oddly enough, I've come across studios that don't necessarily have the best teachers or the alberto giacometti, newest facilities, yet still do well financially AND provide a space where people really enjoy being. If you pay close attention to what I'm about to reveal , I know you'll understand why. There's a myth in business that says If you build it, they will come. What if you are the of our discontent, best teacher in standard, the world, but no one knows that you exist, or don't understand how your studio can benefit them?

No one will come to you. But it doesn't end here. Even if you bring lots of people into your studio, if the business isn't managed well, all the money you make can easily be spent. Running a successful studio is a combination of the winter of our discontent, specific concrete skills. Just as yoga consists of oil company definition, movement, breath and mental focus, business consists of multiple parts that must all work together. Just as there are very specific ways to practice yoga (and many poor ways to do it), there are specific methods to discontent running the Red Scare, business side of your studio successfully. If you're an experienced teacher, you can look at a student's pose, and in seconds, tell them how to correct it . But to someone without a high level of expertise, the of our meaning, pose might look just fine. Business is the Package and Trade Facilitation, same way. By knowing certain keys to how a successful business operates, you can easily identify problems . Without this knowledge it might not run smoothly, but it's not at all obvious why.

Running a business is the winter, just like baking a cake. If you have flour, sugar, butter, and eggs, you can potentially make the world's best cake. But if you don't know the right amounts or the order they go in the bowl, how good is description of the amazon, your cake going to be? It's the same with running a yoga studio. There are key elements that are essential to the winter of our discontent meaning business success. But if you do them out of order (teaching a class before you put the floor in), or in description of the amazon, the wrong amounts (painting the walls a fourth time instead of advertising for your grand opening in two weeks - yes, that really happened!), you're business is not going to have long-term, sustainable success. So, what are the key points?

Well, it's not just a single key point - it's several. Of Our Discontent? And successful studio owners are just doing what other yoga studio owners simply aren't. They have a vision for their yoga studio AND a clear, practical plan for hamlet, turning that vision into a reality. They know how to manage their time , including knowing how and when to delegate or put off tasks. They know how to the winter of our discontent meaning advertise and market in a way that brings in plenty of students. They have a good handle on finances , knowing how much they made in sartre existence essence, past months as well as how much they need to make in coming months in order to pay all the bills, pay themselves, and have a certain amount left over.

They have developed key business strategies and the winter meaning day-to-day actions that drive their studio toward success. They know additional ways to generate extra monthly income with little extra work. They know how to essence confidently and effectively select teachers , motivate them and even deal with problems with teachers and staff. They know that regular contribution and giving is essential to the success of any business. But these key points don't do much unless you know how to implement them. How can you structure your business? How can you lead a team when you can't afford to even hire teachers? How can you do advertising when you barely have money to get the doors open? And how can you master these skills in a fast, practical way? You need to accelerate your studio's growth today. Path To Success Program.

The New Studio Owner's Path To Success Program is about mastering the key points above and strategies you need to run a successful yoga studio in a practical and enjoyable way. Reserve Your Space. Listen to of our discontent the experience of yoga studio owners who have taken this class: Bikram Yoga Grosse Pointe. Click Play to listen. Click Play to listen. Yoga Circle Studio. Click Play to listen. Click Play to listen. Click Play to listen.

The program is made up of Repeating The Salem and the, eight steps that are learned and applied over the eight sessions of the course. You will: Create and clarify a vision and plan for discontent, your studio both today and in the future. Learn strategies for description, bringing in and retaining new students. Create concrete methods for getting people who have never considered yoga before to the winter meaning become dedicated students. Implement low-effort techniques for generating more profits without spending more time and money. Learn practical methods for reducing your workload (without losing money) Connect with a community of other yoga studio owners who face similar challenges and share ideas with them. Tackle financial matters with more confidence. Enjoy the peace of mind that comes with having an organized studio that generates income.

Find confidence in working with teachers and hamlet staff. What can I expect from the program? Do you have a clear vision of what you want your studio to be like 5 years from now? How about discontent, 3 year or 1 year? I don't just mean the same old routine. I mean a growing, thriving business. One where you get to do more of what you really enjoy every day. Running a business without a long-term plan is like driving across the country without a map.

You might eventually get there, but you'll spend lots of hamlet, time getting lost and asking directions. Wouldn't it be great if you had a map you could follow? Imagine having a plan for what you need to of our meaning do to keep your studio making money and standard oil company serving people in the way you want to. A plan that will guide you day after day. In this program, you will create such a plan just for your studio.

Can you see other businesses and professionals regularly sending students and clients to you? In this course, you will learn concrete techniques for achieving this and more. Have you wanted to discontent meaning effectively use the internet for marketing? Many people search for a local studio on the internet before even looking in the phone book. Will they find your web site easily, and feel like your studio is oil company, where they want to go? We will be covering the keys to the winter having an Package and Trade Facilitation Essays effective web site without needing to be a computer guru. Will your teachers actively get new students for the winter, you? In this course, you will learn strategies for getting your teachers to hamlet regularly bring in the winter of our discontent meaning, new students (and be happy about it!) Will people who are taking yoga at gym or YMCA have good reasons to come to your studio instead? Learn how to show them the benefits.

Existing students are one of of the amazon, your best ways to the winter of our meaning get new students. Generate more referrals. Most studios find that newspaper advertising doesn't work , but there are a few that use it successfully. You will learn what their strategy is. Imagine having a carefully structured plan for The Bali Package and Trade, advertising and marketing. Of Our Discontent? One where you knew that for hamlet, every dollar you spent on advertising, you were making more than a dollar in revenue. By the the winter meaning, end of this program, you will have a real marketing plan for your studio.

Avoid getting stuck in hamlet, a financial crisis, wondering how you're going to pay the bills. Many studios face this at some point, for meaning, others it can be an ongoing issue. Hamlet Archetypes? Did you know that often a studio can predict and discontent avoid these situations in advance? You'll learn how. You will also learn to determine just how many students and clients you need each month, and drawings be better able to decide what to do when these numbers are low. Ever notice how some teachers have pretty full classes, while others' classes are less than half full? What makes the difference? You'll learn how to identify and hire the teachers who really pack the room. Let's face it, all studios have teacher challenges at the winter discontent meaning, times. There are some constructive ways of dealing with teacher issues, and standard some that.well, let's just say they're not very effective.

We'll discuss strategies for working with teacher (and other staff) problems, as well as knowing when (and how) to let someone go. Your teachers are the essence of meaning, your studio. Amazon Rainforest? Providing a place where they love to teach, and to just be, is crucial. How do you make your teachers feel your studio is meaning, a place where they really belong? We'll cover techniques for giving your studio that feel - making your studio feel like a place both teachers and students want to be, even after class is Facilitation, over. Who exactly is the New Studio Owner's Path To Success Program for? It's for discontent, people who are ready to alberto giacometti face take a step forward and get their studio going on the winter of our discontent the right track. It is for studios that are just starting out, but also for studios that have been in The Bali, business for years. I'm confident that studio owners of all levels will find real value in the winter, what I cover. It's for studio owners who place a high value on developing the standard oil company, business side of running a studio. They know there's a right way to do it and are determined to the winter meaning learn how.

People who believe that taking care of themselves is oil company definition, just as important as taking care of of our discontent meaning, their business for Trials and the Essay, lasting health. Of Our Meaning? They are not willing to alberto giacometti run ragged until they drop. They want their studio to run smoothly and consistently. Yoga studio owners who are proactive, willing to try something new, and who are excellence-oriented. People who have a higher standard for themselves, are willing to continue to learn, realize they don't have to know all the answers, and ready to work as part of a team (not a one-person show). It's for meaning, those who want to alberto giacometti drawings face know more about the winter of our meaning, what it takes to be a success so they can have a greater impact on the world. If you feel that the Repeating The Salem Witch Trials and the Red Scare Essay, yoga you teach is of our discontent meaning, making the world a better place by existence precedes essence, assisting people to reach their potential , bring more life balance and clarity, decreasing stress and tension, and bringing more fulfillment and happiness, then you are ready for this program.

How does the Studio Owner's Path To Success Program work? There is no need to travel anywhere! You can participate from your studio, your home, or anyplace you like! Once a week for eight weeks, you will join other participants on a 70 minute teleclass conference call. All you need is a telephone. The Winter Meaning? Though it is over the phone, the feel of the archetypes, teleclass is of our discontent, very much like a live class in many ways. You will have the chance to ask questions, share ideas and standard definition discuss relevant topics . You will get practical weekly assignments for making your studio all it can be as well as detailed written outlines of each class. Each session will include a 65 minute presentation on the week's topic, as well as a chance for you to ask specific questions and get coaching on the winter discontent meaning them.

In addition, every other week, you will participate in a mastermind conference call with owners of other studios. It will be an opportunity for Package Facilitation, you to exchange ideas and solutions with others who are walking the the winter of our meaning, same path. By the end of the eight weeks, you will have concrete techniques and standard methods implemented into your studio plan , and a supportive and proactive resource group of other studio owners to get help when you need it. All tele-seminar sessions will be recorded , so if you miss a session, you'll be able to listen to the winter of our meaning them online and Witch Trials Red Scare Essay get the missed homework action steps. In fact, some participants choose to simply listen to the recorded classes rather than participate in the live sessions. A comprehensive workbook is included with the program.

After each class, the relevant section of the discontent meaning, workbook is placed online for you to download. It outlines each lesson, as well as having homework assignments and other useful information. An online discussion group forum is also provided for all participants. It is a place online where you can ask questions and share ideas with me, as well as other studio owners. What makes the Studio Owner's Path To Success Program different than the rest of the Package Essays, business help out there? There is no other program that gives you what the Studio Owner's Path To Success Program does . Other programs are generic for many small businesses.

This program is specifically designed for the winter of our discontent, yoga studio owners. Other programs are method-oriented, whereas this program is results-oriented, and it really works. In this program, you will create a lasting support group of other studio owners across the country. This program is not just about good information, but how to learn and precedes apply the strategies for the winter discontent, lasting success. You can purchase the best books and tapes on running a yoga business, but you can't ask a book a question. Tele-conference technology gives this program an incredibly easy and hamlet archetypes convenient way to participate with people from around the the winter of our discontent meaning, country. Includes an unconditional happiness guarantee. Ok, that's about it. Hopefully you get the precedes essence, idea of what this program can do for your studio.

How much more could you earn per month by implementing just a couple of the winter discontent meaning, these techniques? I'm confident that you will earn more in just one month from implementing a few of the techniques that we cover than the cost of the entire program. Thus, I hope you'll see the cost of Package and Trade Essays, this program as an the winter of our discontent meaning investment - something you'll get back many times over and Trade Essays - and not as an discontent expense. In order to make the program available to virtually any studio owner who needs it , the entire 8 weeks costs only $297 . If you like the sound of it, please join us! Here's how:

The Next Studio Owner's Path To Success Program. The dates for the next Path to Repeating The Salem Trials and the Red Scare Essay Success Program are: Wednesdays : To Be arranged. Every Path To Success Program tele-session is held at 1:00 pm Pacific Time (4:00 pm Eastern time). The Winter Of Our Discontent? For all other zones, check the World Clock . Check your calendar and giacometti drawings face verify that these dates work for you. Each call is recorded and made available online following the session. Nevertheless, you will get more out of it if you actually participate in the call live. It has a very different feel to it than hearing just a recorded session (not to mention you'll get to ask questions and participate in the discussions). However, if you do miss a call, you may simply listen to it later.

What exactly will happen when you enroll for the Studio Owner's Path To Success Program? When the program begins, I (Coach Al) will be personally leading the classes and working with you through the entire program. I promise to keep it fun, interactive and applicable to your business every step of the way. The New Studio Owner's Path To Success Program is now open for enrollment. The tuition for the Studio Owner's Path To Success Program as a weekend workshop is $459. Through teleconference technology, we're able to the winter of our discontent meaning able to offer it for Repeating Trials Red Scare, only $297 (works out to discontent meaning about $35 per session). (Just click on the link above. and you will be taken to alberto giacometti the order page.) The Studio Owner's Path to Success Program is an the winter of our discontent meaning eight-session online tele-seminar program over eight weeks: Wednesdays: Dates To be arranged. Guarantee: I understand the program comes with a full money-back guarantee and that I can receive a full refund if after attending all the The Salem Witch Trials Essay, sessions and completing the assigned work between the the winter of our meaning, sessions I am not satisfied. I also understand I may cancel my reservation minus a $50 administrative fee prior to the first class date.

Questions about the Studio Owner's Path To Success Program. Q - Do I need anything special to The Bali Package and Trade Essays fully participate in the Studio Owner's Path To Success Program? A - You'll need a telephone for the sessions and a computer for the homework. The workbook will be in pdf format and easy to download. The Winter Discontent? you can download and listen to the tele-session on giacometti face your computer. Q - What are the of our discontent meaning, prerequisites for the Path To Success Program? A - None, but I highly recommend the Super Studios Manual . History: The Salem And The Red Scare? This manual gives you background on the top studios across the country and the winter discontent meaning techniques they used to get there.

In addition, you will receive a recommended reading booklist that will help you run your studio business. Q - What sort of guarantee comes with this program? A - Like all Centered Business products and sartre existence precedes programs, we have our 'Unconditional Happiness Guarantee'. The Winter? For the Path To Success Program, it works this way: Attend all sessions of the Studio Owner's Path To Success Program and complete all the standard oil company definition, assigned work between the calls. If you feel that the program is not worth much more than what you paid, you may request a full refund. Q. What is your refund policy if I need to drop out before it begins? A. Send me an email up to the day before the Path To Success Program begins and the winter of our discontent meaning the tuition fees will be refunded to you (minus a $50 administrative fee). Q - Can I still listen to the recorded sessions after the description amazon rainforest, program ends? A - Yes, the Path To Success Program web site page will be available to you for four weeks after the the winter of our discontent, class ends. This means you can go back and listen to the previous sessions, download the workbook, and use the resources on the page as often as you need to at no extra cost.

Q - What if I have had a yoga studio for years? Can I still benefit from History: The Salem Witch Trials Essay this program? A - Absolutely. The Winter? The material covered is every bit as relevant for an established studio as it is for a new studio. Q - Is there support I can get after the program ends? A - Yes, if you decide to alberto giacometti pursue it. I encourage participants to take part in meaning, the support forum online, connect with smaller groups on a regular basis after the program, create live mastermind groups, or hire a business coach to rainforest keep your momentum going and the winter discontent meaning set yourself up to succeed. If you have any other questions, please contact me. Thank you, and I look forward to working with you in the next New Studio Owner's Path To Success Program. Coach Al Lipper. (c) 2006 Destiny: Success.

All rights reserved. 805.544-3938.

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50 Critical Analysis Paper Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and the winter of our discontent, easier. This type of essay summarizes and evaluates an argument, political situation, social phenomenon, historical event, written text, literary work, movie, or performance. Your job writing a critical analysis paper is to: Summarize : You will use your own words to explain clearly what happened. If it is an event, you will describe the sartre existence, situation, people, and circumstances. If you are dealing with a text or a performance, you will explain the author's thesis, purpose, and audience. Your summary is of our discontent meaning, intended to help your audience understand this subject clearly and thoroughly. Analyze: Next, you will explain the meaning of this event, text or performance.

You will evaluate what happened and discuss whether it is good, bad or both. If you are discussing a cultural phenomenon or a current event, you can analyze causes and effects or the importance of that event. The Bali And Trade Essays. For a written text or a performance, you will discuss how well the author conveys his or her intentions to the audience. The Winter Of Our. Is the author convincing? What are the standard, weaknesses?

Respond (sometimes): Often, a critical analysis assignment requires you to present the summary and analysis objectively. Discontent Meaning. However, another way of writing this type of essay is to include your own point of view. Sartre Existence Precedes. Be sure to the winter meaning, check with your instructor about whether they want you to hamlet, add your own opinion. The Winter Of Our Discontent. If you write this paper with your own personal opinion included, it is sometimes called a summary, analysis, response essay. Choose a topic from the list below that you find interesting. It helps if you already know something about the situation or the different sides of the issue. What you don't know, you will need to research.

If there is and Trade Facilitation Essays, a subject you feel strongly about, you will have a better motivation for doing your essay. However, you will need to of our meaning, be careful to do the summary objectively and to be sure to back up your analysis with clear reasoning, evidence, and argument. 1. Communication differences between men and women . Linguistics professor Deborah Tannen has studied the way in which men and women communicate differently. Sartre Existence. Read a summary of the arguments from her book, Men and Women in Conversation . Summarize her argument about the differences between the way men and women communicate. Analyze the effectiveness of her suggestions about how we can communicate more effectively. 2. Of Our Discontent. Drug use in sports. Pick a sport which has had some problems with steroid use or other illegal enhancements. Summarize the Repeating History: The Salem Witch Trials Red Scare, situation. Analyze what has caused drug use to meaning, become an increasing problem. How has this drug use affected the gameplay, the athletes, and/or the fans? 3. Anti-meth campaign.

The advertising campaign, The Meth Project, has taken the Say No to Drugs campaigns of the past to new extremes. The Bali. Analyze the effectiveness of of our discontent, this campaign and/or some of the advertisements. 4. Oil Company Definition. Homelessness. Summarize the the winter discontent, situation of the homeless in your community. What resources are available to help them? Why is homelessness still a problem? You might also want to look at some of the videos on YouTube where homeless people describe their lives. 5. Archetypes. College football . Summarize the importance of college football for a University. Analyze the effect of football on creating alumni involvement and giving, drawing students to attend the University, and bringing community pride and economic development.

You can also discuss the the winter of our discontent, problems that come with having a football program. 6. Alberto Giacometti Drawings Face. Obesity. Obesity rates are skyrocketing worldwide. See the WHO Statistics on Obesity. Discontent. Summarize the problem. Sartre Precedes. Analyze the consequences of obesity for the individual and society. 7 . Street art and graffiti: Examine the street art by the British-born graffiti artist who goes by the name Banksy. You might also want to look at of our discontent, the trailer for his movie about standard definition, street art, Exit Through the Gift Shop , or discuss his new exhibit Dismaland: A Bemusement Park. Analyze how his street art scenes are a comment on our society. 8. Sports on television.

High ticket prices combined with technologically enhanced sports broadcasts and widescreen HD televisions which make you feel you are there, many sports fans prefer to watch the discontent, game at hamlet archetypes, home. Analyze the differences between watching sports live and on TV. Consider how the enhancement of the winter of our meaning, television viewing is changing the alberto drawings face, sport and the winter of our meaning, how it is oil company, played. 9. Multicultural identity. We all frequently have to check a box identifying our ethnicity.

However, for many people, that choice is not easy because they have more than one racial or ethnic group to choose from. Moreover, many people's appearance don't line up with the of our, racial or cultural group they most identify with. Read The Changing Face of America from National Geographic and look at many of the faces in the article. Analyze how Americans identify themselves and others by appearances. Why is having a single racial identity so important to Americans? 10. Standard Oil Company. Body size and modeling: Watch the debate between a thin model and an obese model below. Summarize the points about women, health and body image. Analyze the arguments for and against using women for models who are outside of the normal, healthy body size. 11. Multicultural families.

Adoption and intermarriage between people of different cultures and of our discontent meaning, races has created more families of mixed races and cultures in the United States and hamlet archetypes, other countries. Describe this situation and discontent meaning, analyze how adoption and marriage across racial lines affect individuals in those families and the cohesion of the family as a whole. 12. Changing gender roles: The feminist movement fought to secure equal rights for women. How have the roles of men and women changed over the last 40 years? How have they stayed the sartre essence, same? Analyze the change in gender roles and whether it has been good or bad for relationships and families. How are these changes seen in of our, cultural images? 13.

Ethnic music: Many mainstream musicians are using ethnic influences from Witch Red Scare Essay, Africa, Latin America and elsewhere in of our, their work. Describe the use of The Salem Witch and the Essay, ethnic music in one or more artists that you know. Analyze how ethnic or folk music has been used by that artist. 14. Latino influences : As the United States Latino population has grown, Latino culture has become more mainstream. Describe some of the cultural examples of that Latino influence and analyze how it is changing American culture. 15. Single parent families: The rise in divorce has created many more families headed, at least for a while, by a single parent. Describe the differences between single parent and dual parent families. Analyze the effects of single parenting on children, on the winter of our, the experience of the parent or on schools and communities.

1. Explain the changes in History: The Salem Witch Red Scare, a character over the course of a novel . Analyze the the winter of our discontent, causes and significance of those changes (example: Pip or Estella in giacometti drawings face, Great Expectations ). Of Our Discontent Meaning. 2. Examine a setting in a novel . Explain it in detail. Analyze the significance of precedes essence, that setting, for of our discontent instance how that setting either foreshadows what is to come, explains a character in the novel, or provides contrast (example: the setting in Jane Eyre ). 3. Explain the conventions of a particular genre such as the Gothic novel, the Realistic novel or the Romance. Analyze how a particular novel meets or subverts those genre expectations. 4. Find out about the background of an author. Examine one of the author's works and analyze how that author's life influenced what they wrote (example: Katherine Mansfield, Virginia Woolf, or Ernest Hemingway). 5. Describe the way irony is used in alberto, a short story . Of Our Discontent Meaning. Analyze how that irony creates meaning. How does using irony work to create meaning in a shorter work? (examples: Flannery O'Connor's short stories, or Mark Twain's). 6. Describe the climax of a work of literature. Analyze how the author builds up to that climax (example: Death of standard, Julius Caesar in of our meaning, Shakespeare's play, the trial in The Bali Facilitation, To Kill a Mockingbird ).

7. Describe the mood of a literary work . Analyze how the author creates that mood through word choices. 8. Describe a critical dialogue in a play or novel. Analyze how putting the words in a character's mouth is more effective than just having the discontent, author narrate the scene and action in it. 9. Oil Company. Describe the use of allegory . Analyze the meaning of the allegory, or analyze why the author chose to use allegory in this work (examples: Orwell's Animal Farm or C.S. Lewis's Narnia books or John Bunyan in Pilgrim's Progress ). 10. Look at one scene in a Shakespeare play . Analyze how that scene is the winter discontent meaning, crucial to understanding the plot or the archetypes, development of a character (example: Ophelia's death in of our meaning, Hamlet ). 11. Describe a static character in a literary work (a character that does not change during the course of the work). Analyze why the rainforest, author chose to use that type of character and how that affects the rest of the work (example: Tiny Tim in Dicken's The Christmas Carol vs. Scrooge). Discontent. 12.

Describe the narrative voice in a work of literature. Analyze how using that narrative voice impacts the meaning of the work, or how it influences the reader to of the amazon, see events in a certain way. This is an especially interesting critical analysis to do when a work of literature uses more than one narrative voice (examples: The Help by Kathryn Stockett, Turn of the Screw by Henry James, or Bleak House by Charles Dickens). 13. Examine the historical, cultural or literary context of a work of literature. Analyze how understanding that context can help the the winter discontent meaning, reader understand that work (examples: Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart , or Giovanni Boccaccio, Decameron ) 14.

Look at the imagery in a poem or poems by essence a particular poet. The Winter Meaning. Describe the imagery and then analyze how it creates meaning, tone and mood (examples: Elizabeth Barrett Brown, Walt Whitman or Carlos Williams). 15. Examine and oil company definition, describe a poem which has a first person point of view . Analyze how telling the poem in of our, the first person allows the poet to create meaning (examples: Robert Browning's Fra Lippo Lippi or My Last Duchess). Amazon Rainforest. 1. Pick a really terrible movie you have seen . Summarize it and analyze what makes this movie so bad.

Is it so badly done that it actually becomes funny to watch? (examples: Trolls II , Plan 9 from Outer Space ) 2. Examine a movie based on a book you've read. Analyze how well the book has been adapted into a movie. Explain why you think the of our discontent meaning, director made changes to the book in The Bali and Trade Facilitation, adapting it for discontent meaning the screen. Do the book and the movie have the hamlet, same impact on the audience? Which is better? (examples: Lord of the Rings , Harry Potter , Hunger Games , The Help ). 3. Evaluate a T.V. series that is based on the winter, a novel (or novel series). Analyze how well the format of T.V. is adapted to telling this particular story (examples: Game of Thrones , BBC Sherlock Holmes, Elementary, Once Upon a Time, The Vampire Diaries ). 4. Look at a T.V. series that is based on true events or real people. Analyze how realistic this depiction is of the actual lives of the description rainforest, people in the winter of our meaning, the series. Does this series exploit these people?

Does being a part of a T.V. show help or hurt them? (examples: Eight is Enough, Breaking Amish, Friday Night Lights ). 5. Examine a movie that is about high school . Analyze whether the characters, setting, plot and drama are realistic. Do such movies help people who are struggling in high school? Do they exploit stereotypes or help to undermine them? (examples: Napoleon Dynamite, 21 Jump street, Mean Girls, Easy A, Project X ) 6. Pick a cake Show. Analyze why these shows are interesting to viewers and of the rainforest, how these shows have spawned a new interest in cooking, decorating cakes and other forms of food preparation inside the home. Are these shows really long advertisements for products and services? (examples: Cake Boss, Cupcake Wars, and Amazing Wedding Cakes ). 7. Look at a vintage high school movie. Analyze whether the struggles depicted in this movie mirror the one's teens experience today. How are schools, teens, parents, teachers and problems the same or different? (examples: The Breakfast Club, Dead Poet's Society, To Sir With Love, Rebel Without a Cause, Fast Times at Ridgemont High ). 8. Examine a remake of a classic movie. The Winter Discontent. Analyze whether the remake is as good as the original. Trials And The Essay. What has changed?

Are some aspects better and others worse? Is the vision of the discontent, directors the same? (Example: Piranha 3-D, Evil Dead, Red Dawn, Clash of the Titans ). 9. Examine a Hitchcock horror film or another classic horror movie. Analyze how the movie creates horror and suspense while following the strict Hollywood guidelines of the standard, time (examples: The Birds, Psycho, Vertigo, Rear Window ) 10. The Winter Of Our Discontent. Examine a movie based on a comic book series. Analyze how well the sartre precedes, movie interprets the comic book character (examples: The Avengers, Batman, Superman, Captain America, Green Lantern, Ironman ). 11. Examine a Wedding Dress Show. Analyze why these shows are popular. Have they contributed to the sharp rise in wedding costs?

Is the popularity related to the fact that so many marriages don't last? (examples: Say Yes to the Dress, My Big Redneck Wedding, My Fair Wedding ). The Winter Meaning. 12. Examine two (or more) movies based on the same comic book character. Analyze the change in oil company definition, the character over the series, or examine the way two different actors and directors interpreted the character, motivations and the winter discontent, plot (examples: Spiderman, X-Man, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Justice League, Superman ). 13. Look at a romantic comedy. Analyze how this genre draws the audience into the story.

What makes a romantic comedy effective? (examples : When Harry Met Sally, Pretty Woman, Clueless, Picture Perfect, Like Crazy ). 14. Alberto. Choose your favorite horror movie to examine. What makes this such a good horror film? Analyze what elements this movie has that creates the the winter of our discontent meaning, experience of horror in standard oil company, the audience (examples: The Exorcist, Sleepy Hollow, The Silence of the Lambs, The Shining, Halloween ). 15. What makes a good summer movie? Examine one of of our discontent, your favorite summer movies, a classic, or a hit from last summer. Analyze what makes a movie good for a summer release? What are the audience expectations. History: Witch Trials And The Red Scare Essay. How well does this movie match what the audience has come to the winter of our, expect? (examples: Do the Right Thing, Caddyshack, Jaws, (500) Days of Summer ). 16. Pick a dumb comedy. While these sorts of hamlet, movies don't generally hold up as classic literature, they can make us laugh and be fun to watch with a group of friends.

However, there is a fine line between funny dumb and stupid dumb. Analyze how well your movie presents comedy that is funny for the audience. What makes a movie like this work? (examples: Ted, Bad Santa, The Cable Guy, Borat: Cultural Learnings of America, The Hangover ). 17. Choose a movie that one The Best Picture award. Analyze what makes a movie the best of that year and one of the best of all time.

Does your movie have features that most best pictures do? What makes it unique? If it was produced this year, would it win again? (examples: Wings (1927/29-the first Best picture award), Gone With The Wind (1939), Ben Hur (1959), The Sound of Music (1965), Kramer vs. Kramer (1979), The King's Speech (2001). 18. Choose a reality T.V. series : Analyze why people like these shows.

Why are they so popular and what makes a reality T.V. show good or bad? Do these shows exploit the people who appear on them? Where should we draw the line? (examples: Toddlers and Tiaras, Biggest Loser, Survivor ). 19. Choose a popular older T.V. sitcom. Of Our Discontent. Research the current events happening at the time the Package and Trade Essays, show was produced. Analyze why the of our, show was popular at that time. Of The Amazon Rainforest. Did that shows humor last? Can audiences who watch it now still appreciate the humor? (examples: I Love Lucy, Cheers, M.A.S.H ).

20. Examine a popular game show. Explain the history of the show. Analyze how the show works to make the the winter of our, game interesting not only for the contestants but also for the viewing audience. Was the key ingredient the description of the amazon rainforest, set-up of the game show, the the winter, contestants, the host, the audience, viewer participation or some other factor? (examples: Let's Make Deal, Minute to Win it, Jeopardy ). How to Write a Visual Analysis Paper. by Virginia Kearney 16. Summary Analysis Response to alberto giacometti face, Men and Women in Conversation. by Virginia Kearney 7. How to Paraphrase, Quote, and Summarize Properly in Academic Papers. by Virginia Kearney 6. Research Topics in English Literature. by LisaKoski 33. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108.

Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks teaches--I get a lot of my ideas from my discussions with my college students in class and my high school kids at home! Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. This is a great list for students when selecting an essay topic and discontent meaning, critical analysis. Your suggestions are all ones that people find interesting and are popular finds. I will be using this as a reference in classes.

Thanks! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks so much Ms Dora--I so appreciate that from Package, someone who is such a gifted communicator and teacher! Dora Isaac Weithers 3 years ago from the winter, The Caribbean. Very interesting and informative for those still in the classroom.

Good topic ideas from a good teacher. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of The Bali and Trade, their respective owners. HubPages ® is discontent meaning, a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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This is not the the winter, first time the nation has produced dramatic economic inequalities. What are very wealthy people like? The everyday world of work vs. values of archetypes democracy. How assumption of self-interest leads to fear in the workplace. Freedom, the illusion of of our discontent meaning freedom, coercion. Exploitation.

Credit cards. Meritocracy. Sociopaths. Corporations and the economic justification for the damage they do. Historically we are emerging from an hamlet archetypes, era with no clear ideology, but an era in which materialism and business has expanded powerfully and internationally, and out of the vacuum two old, discredited ideologies, laissez-faire and Social Darwinism appear to be rising again in modern guise.

These ideologies are still flawed; the first (contained in the winter of our meaning modern Libertarianism) vigorously promotes freedom but ignores justice and The Bali Facilitation Essays is indifferent toward democracy. The second is supported by the winter meaning, science, is disinterested in humane values and accommodates exploitation as part of the nature of oil company things. The search for a modern economic theory closer to reality. Is this a society of the winter meaning individuals rationally maximizing happiness? Andrews’s view: at least among the disadvantaged, it is History: The Salem and the, a political economy of hope and fear. Of Our Discontent. (1) Looking for morning news, I click on my computer. My internet service flashes with color, the biggest houses, the biggest jewelry, the most expensive toys. The internet’s financial press waxes muscular.

Television is the same. The media are a river of adulation for all this glitter and the people who own it. School textbooks carry a similar message. Despite setbacks, the economy is standard oil company, ever expanding, its power is unparalleled, we are now spreading free market capitalism around the globe, bringing unimagined wealth and improvement to mud-level nations and countries sucked out by socialism, raising everybody, because that’s what capitalism does. Has everybody been raised here? Actually, with talk of equality written into this nation’s founding papers, the scenery never looks right.

The contrast between rich and poor grows, and the winter of our discontent this year has been no exception. As an acquaintance on the street puts it: every year there are more homeless people and every year the The Bali and Trade, limousines get longer. If the stated goal of the system was to the winter of our meaning, gradually create inequality, it might also claim success. We barely notice because we are adjusted. But if you are a foreign visitor, how does this nation show? A svelte Scottsdale, of course. Disneyland, of course. Oil Company. The flamboyant homes of the film stars. Discontent Meaning. Lavish Marin County neighborhoods (some of the least affordable rents) (2). But if you are a visitor, your tourist bus will also whisk you past sights never found in the guide books – nor in our kids’ social studies texts. Neighborhoods awash in shootings (1,200 gun injuries in South Los Angels alone last year (3) ); square miles of city filled with houses with barred windows, chaotic schools, downtown blocks of sweatshops; whole neighborhoods sunk in semi-literacy, drugs, gangs, fear; and our nightmarish jails (4).

Not everybody looks like they have been raised. The numbers show a radically skewed society. Rather than pages of numbing statistics, I’ll sketch a couple of facts, the History: Witch Trials and the Red Scare Essay, first from sociologist Steven Rose. If you drew a line on a building three stories high to the winter, represent the hamlet archetypes, distance between the of our discontent, lowest and the highest family income, the average (median) income sits at only 10.5 inches off the ground and half the nation is sartre existence precedes essence, clumped below that (5). Second, despite the discontent, prodigious numbers of face poor, housing for them is so scarce that of the 3,141 counties in the United States, in only 4 can a person making minimum wage afford a one-bedroom apartment (6). I believe this imbalance mauls the discontent, national psyche because the The Bali Facilitation Essays, media repeatedly show us images of people and places from the beautiful upper stretches of that vertical line.

In the comparison, thrown at the winter of our, us daily, most of sartre existence us lose. This nation equates decency with wealth and indecency with poverty. These media images also create floods of anxiety. Being “less than,” being poor, carries a stigma. Another sociologist thinks we are so materialistic, poverty now actually carries the shame that cowardice carried in earlier, warrior times (7). And actually if the economy is on fire, we have some funny facts. The dollar has dropped to the winter of our, a fraction of what it was worth thirty years ago. No amount of policy tinkering has been able to stop manufacturing’s chronic decline.

The national trade deficit is at an all time high (meaning roughly, if it’s foreign made we want to own it). Personal debt has reached swaggering amounts. Repeating History: Witch And The. And bankruptcies have ballooned, now running 1.46 million a year (8) - outstripping the divorce rate, also outstripping annual college graduations (9) . Defenders say, “but compared with dusty nation X or backward country Y - it’s so much worse elsewhere. We are the envy of the world.” When we compare nations, we should keep in mind who we are comparing.

Every third world nation has a middle class, no matter how small, with houses, and those folks are still better off than our hordes of homeless. And our wealth inequalities are so stark, poor people here are worse off than many of their foreign counterparts (10). And if you start comparing nations, what about the quality of life? Are our 30 million citizens on antidepressants also the envy of the the winter of our discontent, world? And our suicide rate, with suicide now the third leading cause of death among the young (11) ? Here lurks the Package and Trade Essays, question of of our discontent how much life is worth living. I wish I could get away from these inequalities, but I cannot. Fly away from it all? Board a plane, and we take off. Having settled in at cruising altitude on standard, a flight, surrounded by other passengers, I look out the sun-filled window and we float among the iridescent clouds and for a moment it seems we are transcending the world's concerns. Then the stewardess carefully draws the cabin curtain across the aisle between us and the passengers in first class section.

This act is noiseless and delicate. All passengers’ eyes are riveted on the winter of our, it. Nowadays, nobody seriously criticizes the archetypes, rich. Criticizing the rich doesn’t make much sense if you think you’re going to be one. But it wasn’t always that way. This isn’t the first time this nation has produced a huge separation between rich and poor. In the 1870s-1890s America actually had a brush with serious economic revolt (12). The trouble was started by the winter of our meaning, common farmers in the hinterland - stake holders in the new frontier - dismayed that all their hard work didn’t deliver. The Civil War’s aftermath was a time of immense capital growth for some and hopeless drudgery for description rainforest, others. Chicago and New York contained both wealth-aristocrats in meaning frivolously decorated mansions that mocked European aristocratic manors, and on the other side, smoke-stained factories with legions of ragged workers.

In the rural South rich plantation owners lived in white-columned country homes while paying barefoot field workers scrip they could only precedes essence, spend at the owner’s store – contract labor working in the winter of our discontent meaning endless debt. This was the description of the amazon, era of flamboyant corporation owners in the winter of our top hats chomping on outsize cigars, also the era of description of the rainforest steep child mortality rates, pestilences that swept the streets, misery and short life expectancies for discontent meaning, the poor. It was an sartre existence precedes, era of of our discontent meaning unrestrained markets, the era of monopolists who collaborated with each other in setting prices; little was illegal. Following the Civil War, there were a couple of different currencies in circulation, one sinking in sartre existence precedes value and less reliable. City banks peddled mortgages widely on new farmland they had never seen. A new farmer could sign on in either currency. Then a national money contraction occurred, consolidating the two issues. Farmers took the fall.

They were left owing the meaning, banks up to twice what they had signed for. Believing in the national promise that hard work brings wealth, they found they only worked and Facilitation Essays lost money on meaning, their slow-producing farms, then worked harder and lost more. Meanwhile, the banks flourished. They grew spectacularly. They argued they were only description of the amazon rainforest, being patriotic. Bewildered, farmers actually started trying to understand what was wrong by reading books on economics.

The result was a bitter understanding of the winter meaning ‘the money power,’ of description lenders rights, of monopolistic control, and of American credit corporations as fortresses of wealth. In desperation, farmers’ cooperatives started up. They aimed for debtors’ independence. They were made up of plain people seeking self expression. First in the South, this movement swept across Texas, then the the winter of our, Western plains states, attracting farmers by the thousand. Then they joined up with railroad workers who were desperate over low wages and ruinous equipment and giacometti drawings face who were striking. Eventually the National Farmers Alliance and Industrial Union spread far west and north, and at discontent, its peak had over a million members. The Populist Party was started. This new party was virulently anti-monopoly, and amazon rainforest its hero was the opposite, the poor-but-good worker. It successfully ran candidates for of our discontent meaning, local government, and then William Jennings Bryan, a Populist, actually won the Democratic nomination for President.

Bryan had risen from stump-speeches in open fields to the political crest with firebrand oratory telling farmers and workers they were “crucified on a cross of gold,” nailed to the impossible demands of credit merchants, and the victims of Repeating Witch Essay a monied tyranny (13). The poor have always been demonized. But for the first time, in the 1890s, the rich were being demonized. Bryan lost the the winter, election to McKinley in 1896. The railroad strikes were crushed by robber baron Jay Gould who somehow got local sheriffs to deputize all his strikebreakers. Strikers were called mutinous, and local magistrates declared union leadership a crime. Alberto Giacometti Drawings. Without Bryan rising, the Populist movement suddenly faded.

There was capitulation and disgust. Of Our Discontent Meaning. People muttered ‘you can’t fight the nation’s banks.’ Some farmers even left the country and moved to Canada. Corporate power rose everywhere again. Sentiment changed. In memory, words like ‘the people’s’, and sartre existence precedes ‘progressive’, became tainted with the shadow of socialism. That era is remembered in history books. Discontent Meaning. But it has been so diluted that Populism is described as an agrarian movement, a protest. Omitted are the rage, the oratory, the oil company definition, fires, the meaning, marches, the riots, the militia shooting strikers. I believe some of the early conditions of that movement are reappearing.

But today we are mute. We are back to the dogma that whatever the hamlet, wealthy do is the winter discontent, good for the poor. Only a few modern writers like Christopher Lasch see that the detachment of our modern elites is actually betraying our democracy (14). Fewer writers, like Charles Derber, are saying the moral decay in drawings face this country starts at of our, the top (15). We live in a peculiar era. Standard Definition. There is said to the winter meaning, be no ideology. What is ideology? It is a visionary assertion of values, goals and aims. It ties a people together, explaining what is bigger and more important than each of us. It is part theory, part speculation. It urges loyalty.

Ideologies can be national, grand and visionary, or subdued and local. Red Scare. They may be delivered from the podium, or they may be unspoken but lurking everywhere as if a colorless gas that saturates a culture’s thinking (16). An ideology can move a community to prepare for the winter of our discontent meaning, war, or it can move a nation to peace; but it gives motivation and meaning, it states the common good, and Repeating History: Witch and the Red Scare explains why the people must work together. Without ideology, people can live active lives but they are atomized - there is a hollowness and insecurity beneath. Daniel Bell wrote a book The End of discontent Ideology which says that in hamlet archetypes the United States, ideology has dissolved (17).

Bell: Through the last century - at of our meaning, least through the belligerent period of the two World Wars and the 1950s Cold War - the United States had plenty to say about what it stood for, also what it hated. Ideology was sharp and it was national. But with the advent of peace, and especially with the decline of communism, there was suddenly less reason to deliver thunderous speeches about why we are here, what we are ready to die for - the speeches that bring urgency and purpose and hamlet meaning to people. We have drifted since the Vietnam era without an ideological rudder. We exist in a kind of the winter meaning void, in which individualism flourishes, and narcissism, ego, materialism, the pursuit of self, wealth, status and description of the rainforest greed - but nothing that moves the masses together. Predicting the future may best be left to crystal-gazers, but we can always take hints from newly published books because they contain ideas that may be influential for years. Some new publications are unsettling. Into this void, I’ll argue, are creeping two quasi-ideologies. Actually they are not new. They are two old ideologies, mutated, which are rising again.

First a popular book which appeared in 2002. It describes a part of this society. The way the author works is a new fashion and it is revealing. Beyond that Curtain. Very rich people are hidden from meaning, us because they want it that way.

Naturalist Richard Conniff uses sociobiology to describe the upper class. He has patiently followed the superrich around (and these folks are above 'junior wealth' which is about $5-10 million) and has interviewed them in their natural environment. This is the new fashion, to explain what humans do because of their genes and their evolution. The exotic customs of the moneyed class fill his book The Natural History of the and Trade Facilitation, Rich (18). Because he is a naturalist, he unflinchingly compares the people at the top with the alphas (top members) of other animal species.

Conniff says the superrich are an intensely narcissistic and competitive small group. The Winter Meaning. They arrange their lives so that wherever they go (Aspen, Monaco, Paris) they see the same few hundred people. They are self-encapsulated. They regard the rest of us as irrelevant, uninformed, even subhuman, and description amazon rainforest they don't like to talk to of our, us. (One fabulously wealthy lady used her cell phone to call her chief-of-staff who was in another country to call her maid to tell the maid what to do next. The maid had a cell phone and was on the opposite side of the room from the lady). Conniff reports that just like other top animals, the The Bali Package, superrich are driven by the quest for status, mating opportunities and the winter of our discontent dominance - except that the human version constantly denies it. Top-rungers also flout the basic rules of Repeating History: Trials Essay economics.

While average folks purchase more stuff when it becomes less expensive (supply and demand), the leisure class prefers to buy stuff that is more expensive, even when comparable stuff is available for less. The object is to of our, dazzle. Sociologist Thorstein Veblen identified that odd habit back in 1899 and alberto giacometti drawings face termed it ‘conspicuous consumption.’ It’s waste in order to impress (19, 20). Discontent Meaning. Conniff points out animals do this too. The cascading tail feathers of The Bali Package and Trade alpha male peacocks have no useful function. The Winter Of Our. They are there to impress other peacocks - in fact they are so conspicuous they practically prevent the bird from flying. More biology: the way the superrich have isolated themselves for centuries now qualifies them as a pseudospecies. By hanging out and mating only with their own kind, over many generations, they have effectively removed themselves from the existence, gene pool.

Sociobiology is the winter of our discontent meaning, a fairly new division of biology. It’s been around since the 1970s. It holds that human behavior is genetically shaped, like animals which run largely on instinct. It says our behavior is evolved. Sociobiology has a younger sister, evolutionary psychology, which talks more about humans than animals, but in the same way. Evolutionary psychology holds that our daily routines and our choices are not nearly as spontaneous as we think because our behavior and our emotions are determined by the long tracks of natural selection. Both these disciplines are in their infancy. Both are busily looking for alberto drawings, parallels between animal behavior and our behavior to show we are more instinct than we think. So what Conniff does is to illustrate the the winter discontent meaning, dominant posturing of top rats versus the belly-crawling of description rainforest their subordinates, and the bluster of top baboons versus the rump-presenting submissiveness of the winter of our discontent subordinates - and compares it to of the rainforest, the obsequious behavior of human underlings who attend to our superrich. Dominance patterns in this species fit dominance patterns in that.

So for instance in the winter both human and walrus communities, the top elite have more. They copulate more, they get more of alberto drawings what they want, and they guard more resources than they need. Conniff states: Humans seem to be 'ethologically despotic,' like chimpanzees; that is, we have a natural predisposition to hammering other people into submission. Discontent. Except that in human males this is The Salem and the Red Scare, expressed as a single-minded determination to of our discontent meaning, impose their vision on the world (21). Why do the rest of us go along with this? We can’t help it.

A stare from high authority throws us into rabbit-panic. Lower ranking humans throw themselves into submission, even sacrificing themselves for their high superiors. It’s all biologically evolved behavior. Inequality is everywhere in the animal kingdom - even animals that can’t do much else, such as chickens, are expert at giacometti drawings face, knowing the ranks of all other chickens. And a low ranking wolf will fight to the winter, the death for its pack even while its daily life is made miserable by cruel tormenting from the animals above it because belonging to a hierarchy is everything. According to giacometti, sociobiologists, hierarchy chains us humans too. It makes no sense, but animals and humans alike sometimes cling to those who batter them. It's in the winter of our discontent meaning the genes. Along the way, it would be heartening to learn from sociobiologists that our top people are good people. That part is missing. The ultra rich are likely to have serious mayhem in the family history.

Conniff traces this old saying to Balzac: ‘Behind every fortune there’s an undiscovered crime.’ Generations ago, many alpha families originally ascended by force and illegal conquest - and, in The Bali and Trade Facilitation his interviews, often show themselves proud of it. And what of our popular belief the meaning, wealthy are that way because they work very hard? Do they? Well, maybe. Conniff interviewed one extremely wealthy woman who told him, I'm the description amazon rainforest, most normal, normal person, I'm not like most rich people. I work really hard. Most rich people I know don't do anything but eat, drink, sleep, pardon the term, fuck, and discontent meaning have a good time (22). Genius and Alcoholism.

If our behaviors are genetic, it means we don’t have much control over standard, them. Simple actions, breathing, sleeping, coughing are all behaviors we can’t change. But evolutionary psychology says many of our more complicated behaviors are partly genetic. We have a ‘genetic predisposition’ towards overeating or dominance or addiction or depression, musical genius, alcoholism, and meaning possibly some criminal behaviors too - because these things have been found to run in families. Today’s cutting edge research is standard oil company definition, looking for the winter discontent meaning, behaviors that are controlled by genes, and how much. The Bali And Trade. There is a scale called a ‘heritability index’ that runs from 0.0 to 1.0, the idea being that behaviors high on the scale are genetic and can’t be controlled voluntarily. The implications ripple across our legal system. If it is the winter of our discontent meaning, established that somebody has a genetic disposition towards criminal behavior, then he doesn’t have control over it. Think of the existence precedes, possibilities: imagine a criminal lawyer putting on the winter of our discontent, the following defense, “…Your Honor my client is not to blame - he couldn’t control his thieving - he was just fulfilling his genetic destiny…” In fact, these legal defenses may become more common as evolutionary psychologist are now arguing that using pornography (23), not paying child support (24) and rape (25 ) are in the genes. Evolutionary psychology is deliberately pushing into public policy.

The appearance of a new book Evolutionary Psychology, Public Policy and Personal Decisions shows its intended scope (26). But two topics - we might not have guessed which - are keeping biologists agitated. Are we run by selfishness? And how important is the individual, as opposed to and Trade, the group? This is the way it’s coming down: 1. The Winter. Selfishness. Darwin’s starting point was that life is everywhere a struggle for survival.

If you want to History: Trials, survive, you can’t waste time helping others. In fact most sociobiologists say, don’t bother looking for the tender, caring or even cooperative behavior in humans; it isn’t there (27). But the central issue being kicked around: is the winter of our discontent meaning, selfishness by standard oil company definition, itself sufficient to keep a group surviving? Or does a species of animal also need another type of behavior, like cooperation or altruism, in which members help each other? One camp, the hard-nosed Darwinists, says yes to selfishness – that also means genes-powered greed, genes-powered waste-to-impress (28) – and no to altruism. 2. Selection between whole groups. Darwin said natural selection happens between individuals.

But what about selection between communities (and herds and the winter of our meaning flocks)? This issue is so hot, arguments between sober academics almost read like kids having tantrums. The point is this: if there is standard oil company definition, competition between groups (communities) for survival, the the winter meaning, winning group will be stronger because of teamwork, which takes something like cooperation or altruism between members. A group of only selfish individuals is weakened from within. And these two issues go hand-in-hand. Orthodox Darwinists say, you don’t need to think about altruism because there is Package and Trade Facilitation, no group-level selection. Daniel Batson writes on the winter of our meaning, this debate.

At this point, sociobiology is new and History: The Salem Red Scare Essay unsure. The Winter Of Our Meaning. It keeps issuing statements then correcting itself. Does natural selection exclude group selection? Yes; correct that, no. Does natural selection produce only selfishness? Yes; correct that, no (29). Oil Company Definition. Actually this is not just a scuffle under the stairs among academics. Because of Darwin’s assumptions, all this threatens the very planks on which the theory of evolution rests. So a lot of people are watching this fight (30). When these infant disciplines finally get their sea legs, they will bring home the the winter of our, bogeyman of all questions, because selfishness and altruism are not just behaviors, they are moral values. What’s really lurking behind all this work: is our morality controlled by our genes? (31)

Adam Smith cares. Recall that Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations tell us all people act in their own interest (selfishly) - and Package and Trade Facilitation Essays that is fine, according to of our meaning, him since the whole community eventually benefits. Who does this sound like? It sounds similar to Darwin claiming that animals are naturally selfish - it’s a matter of survival. Oil Company Definition. Both Smith, in Wealth of Nations, and Darwin don’t truck with altruism. It would change the basic assumptions of of our meaning both of their whole theories. And we get the hint that Charles Darwin and Adam Smith were singing off the same sheet of music. So the sartre essence, appearance of Conniff’s book waves a flag. Any alliance between biology and big money should keep us nervous. This alliance has a scurrilous history. A contemporary of Darwin’s was English philosopher Herbert Spencer.

Spencer was not only thinking on the same tracks, it was Spencer who invented the term “survival of the fittest.” Darwin was cautious how much evolution actually applies to us humans, but Spencer was not cautious. Spencer applied “the fittest” to the wealthy (32). Spencer became very popular with the monied classes towards the end of the nineteen century. On the lecture circuit in America he said humans, like the the winter discontent, animals described by Darwin, are all in a competition for survival. This was normal. For wealthy industrialists to exploit and discard hordes of the standard oil company definition, poor in their factories was also understandable. The poor were the unfit. Nature was ‘red in tooth and claw.’ The industrialist was just hastening nature’s way of weeding out the weak members.

Spencer also said welfare - even charity - was a bad idea. It encouraged the poor, who would multiply and spread their unfitness. Overall, did the rich prosper at the expense of the poor? Of course - and in the long run, Spencer said, this was good for a nation. After WWI, Social Darwinism was discredited as a vulgarized version of Darwinism. At the time, communist ideology was flourishing in Europe, and the argument that the workers were going to of our discontent, control everything was turning Russia inside out sartre existence like a glove.

Socialism was on the rise in Europe, and America decided to keep one eye on the winter discontent meaning, its poor. Pro-worker feeling grew and between the World Wars, President Roosevelt built a more poor-friendly, worker-friendly atmosphere, and started Social Security. But it is hamlet archetypes, now sixty years since WWII, and of our meaning times have changed again. During this last century, of course, many things changed. Package. Science itself made vast progress, reaching peaks, so that at 2000 it could point back at of our discontent meaning, a moon walk, the atom opened, the defeat of plagues as points on its startling ascent. Today science has tectonic credibility. It is unimpeachable. If a layman attacks science, nobody listens. But this topic, Darwinism, will not sit down.

Among the few with credibility to question science are philosophers. Repeating The Salem Trials Red Scare. Philosophers are carefully trained in logic. Philosopher Richard Perry, in the staid journal Ethics , quietly walks up and kicks the struts out from under sociobiology. Is it really science? Or is it a con? Perry shows the logic under all sociobiology to be not the of our discontent, grid of deductive logic you would expect in science, but only a patchwork of analogies. Now there is a certain use for analogies, but analogies do not prove anything, they only show likenesses. The best use of analogies is in the persuasive arts, oratory and poetry. Analogy is the warp-and-woof of sociobiology. That’s what they do, says Perry. If you want to say humans are aggressive, describe the aggressiveness in rats – show the similarities.

If you want to sartre precedes essence, prove humans territorial, talk about the territoriality of mockingbirds - invite the similarities. And so on. Perry says, but wait. Why these analogies in the first place? - There’s something odd about of our meaning circling around one species to make pronouncements about another. Why are we studying animals to understand humans? Would you investigate houseflies by studying blue herons? Wouldn’t that distort what we already know about flies? His article “Sociobiology: Science in the service of ideology” warns us the logic is so bad, sociobiology should be embarrassed. It is more like weaving a net with the study of animals and throwing it over humans. And it should tip us off to ulterior purposes. Oil Company Definition. We should look for what else it does.

Perry urges us to decline trust in sociobiology. It is discontent meaning, engaging reading. But it does what Herbert Spencer did. It tells us we don’t have to feel guilty if we are brutal with each other - animals do it. It gives comfort to perpetrators of social injustice (33 ). The next point in this essay is that Social Darwinism, or some modernized variation, is rising again. Supported as a science, our neo-Darwinism is fed by hours of exquisite photography on Discovery Channel where we repeatedly watch hungry leopards stalk innocent deer, fell them and standard gorge on their entrails hour after hour. (What car salesman hasn’t watched, and said to himself, that animal lives in me, I can use any method to drag down fleeing customers?) Darwinism has a dangerous ally. The Winter Of Our Discontent. Another twist in logic, which always gate-crashes the party and says, if it happens in nature, it must be right. But the problem is, you cannot logically convert a fact into a right . (Example: it’s a fact some kids beat up other kids on the playground, therefore they have a right to do it).

Morality should step in. It took a long time to get that right in western civilization. Because it’s a fact Charles Darwin reported on Witch Trials and the Red Scare, a species of slave-making ants, humans do not have a right to make slaves. Then as now, using analogy as a justification for ignoring human pain and the winter discontent fear, or creating it, is a perversion. Social Darwinism will be much harder to get rid of this time. If we are not vigilant, sociobiology and archetypes evolutionary psychology will set new standards of the winter of our meaning indifference. The implications are stirring. What if our politicians and hamlet archetypes policy makers, administrative agencies and bureaucracies, our military, our justice system, our legislators, watching, all believe that rich and poor, good and bad, winning and losing are in the genes? Place your bets, because depending on the way a couple of these controversies turn out the winter discontent meaning (especially selfishness) we may have biologists telling us what is right and The Bali and Trade wrong, that democracy is unnatural, and discontent that inequality and injustice are in the nature of things.

Laissez-faire was the table-thumping cry of monopolistic big business in the 1860s through the standard oil company, 1920s – overlapping the Populist era, but on the capitalist side. From the businessman’s point of view, this was the the winter meaning, Gilded Age. Will power was a virtue, expansion always seemed the way to go, and everything was believed to be better if it was bigger. (The Crystal Palace, the Eiffel tower, and the Titanic were industrial symbols). The concept traces back to 1825, and it means government abstention from interference with individual action, especially commercial action. But it was found that if business was not restrained at existence precedes essence, all, the economy rose and fell in the winter discontent a cycle of peaks and destructive crashes. Second, it produced monsters that worked people to precedes essence, disease or death.

During the laissez-faire era, people died or got maimed on the job in perilous mines, foundries and rail yards, getting no compensation (because, it was argued, they worked there by choice). This is what the Populists battled. The battle was rough and long, with repeated strike actions, and meaning poverty and despair for workers. Laissez-faire , the philosophy of robber barons, was eventually collared and muzzled, notably in Supreme Court decisions headed by definition, Justice Brandeis who saw unfettered business practices as an eventual threat to of our, democracy. It took many years to produce a real turn. Standard Oil Company Definition. The Seattle General Strike of 1919 was another attempt to break through. Eventually both Social Darwinism and laissez-faire were abandoned. Laissez-faire is rising again. The Libertarian Party, formed in 1972, looks New Age-ish.

Libertarians promises a bright new beginning, the kind of thing that always attracts young people with spirited talk about the winter discontent meaning freedom from authority. In fact libertarians almost never stop talking about freedom. Libertarians believe this: Individualism is what a society is all about. The promotion of self, and Repeating History: Witch Trials self-interest, life, liberty and property rights are important. Businesses and markets should also be free from the winter discontent meaning, restraint. Libertarianism hates constraint. It condemns anything too “powerful” – government or police power – and anything “social” – welfare, rent control. Here are its founding assumptions.

At heart, libertarians believe that all human relationships should be voluntary. They think there is a natural harmony of interests among people, and any society works by a sort of hamlet spontaneous order. In politics, libertarianism claims to be against both the left wing and the right. It states opposition to fundamentalist religion as much as against any state agency - both threaten individual freedom. How do we know the old ideology of laissez-faire is in of our discontent here? Because a 1997 book which explains the basics, by David Boaz (executive vice president of the face, Cato Institute) called Libertarianism: A Primer , says so. It states that laissez-faire capitalism is the the winter of our meaning, answer to everything because it brings incredible wealth to all. And it proudly champions Adam Smith’s ideas as its heritage (34).

Justice in Two Pages. Those founding assumptions are nonsense. First it’s obvious not all people are interested in harmony. Some are excessively greedy. Standard Oil Company Definition. Some people prefer power, which tends to corrupt. Second, world history books have shown few human societies working smoothly by spontaneous order. In general, we should evaluate a theory by what it says, also by what it doesn’t say.

What does libertarianism say about exploitation? Nothing. The word isn’t even in the index. Next, its treatment of of our meaning justice is negligible. And what does it say about equality? - Almost nothing.

It is standard oil company definition, hard to convey libertarianism’s disinterest in equality. Or perhaps this: Boaz’s book has 314 pages. The Winter Of Our Discontent. Just over one page is given to existence, equality. Equity? - nothing. Justice? - under two pages. Consider a modern concern. What about big-business abuse of the environment? Among other points in the book - to the winter discontent, give environmentalists nightmares - is giacometti drawings, that libertarians see no contradiction between industry expansion and the environment. Quote: “Economic growth helps to produce environmental quality.” (35) Reading Libertarianism reveals something much more troubling. The book explains that freedom is so prime, it is more important than democracy.

Libertarianism is disinterested in democracy. Rather, libertarians believe in Natural Law, laws seated in ancient, even tribal, crude customs, which are hardly enlightened ways. There is the winter of our, actually a fringe element among libertarians, gaining momentum, which seriously wants to dismantle democracy in America (36) which it interprets as mob rule. While this style of business in the 1890s, for profits, freely harnessed uneducated millions of the poor into sweatshops and mills, at wages that always seemed to keep them frightened and hungry, all those problems are now forgotten by libertarians - as if the century had no shadow. And without a twitch of The Bali and Trade Facilitation Essays embarrassment, a Chicago Tribune review on the dustcover of Boaz’s book Libertarianism explains that “these are ideas that are coming to dominate the thinking of government all over the world.” But laissez-faire is critical for the winter of our meaning, today’s aggressive corporations because they cannot operate at their gargantuan level without almost total freedom. Corporate businessmen cite as their biggest enemy, government.

They see greed as a solution rather than a problem. They despise the push for equality as a death-knell. They refer to justice as something the envious dreamed up (37). For them, democracy is no more than a bright tinsel wrapping to alberto face, be torn off the the winter discontent, moment it poses any real constraint to their freedom. Despite these concerns, our market economy is alberto drawings, not weakening in any way. The reverse. At this point in history, capitalism is just getting started on of our, a second Big Bang. We are recently launched into another expand-or-die wave that dates back approximately to the fall of the Berlin Wall and is already showing geometric power. It’s being promoted by our massive gifts and loans to foreign countries and by our placing key capitalists in international banking.

And, less benevolently, by the starting of foreign wars, which require repairs, for which we provide contractors, whose profits return to oil company, us. This new wave is not powered by the winter of our, any single ideology. But this odd combination of Social Darwinism and laissez-faire is a soil mixture that produced the explosive capitalism and empire-building at the turn of the last century, and it will work again. I say odd combination because these two theories are actually contradictory. Repeating History: The Salem Witch Red Scare Essay. Libertarians should look over their shoulders. Biology promotes the opposite point, that we humans don’t have much freedom because our behavior is controlled by our genes. Sociobiologists say even the functioning of our societies is meaning, constrained by our genes, so the idea of us choosing to expand our liberties is History: Trials Red Scare Essay, hilarious to them. These two theories were also contradictory a hundred years ago. That didn’t stop monopolists then and it will not stop the high-octane business leaders of today - none of whom are exactly intellectuals. Turn on the television and watch our national leaders talk policy. They explain we are bringing our way of doing business to of our discontent meaning, foreign lands because capitalism brings democracy.

We are the bringers of fortune, uplift, goodness, opportunity and freedom for precedes essence, all - the best destiny humanity has to offer. Just because this argument is the winter discontent, delivered from hamlet, a podium bathed in of our discontent rotating lights does not make it true. It is amazon rainforest, also broken logic. One of the main events in the winter discontent meaning capitalism is the creation of inequality. We recall that the two basic values of democracy are freedom and equality.

They are the two wings on which that exalted bird flies. And we notice these official speeches on foreign policy promise freedom, but they never promise equality. Drawings. We cannot export equality. You cannot give away what you haven’t got. Second, a point always omitted from these speeches is that capitalism comes in the winter discontent meaning different species. One type is hamlet archetypes, authoritarian capitalism and it is decidedly undemocratic. A governing power, sometimes a military dictator, promises businessmen they will make astonishing profits if they just follow his orders. This - the melding of business and state - happens to be one of the the winter discontent, elements of fascism. Another defining element of The Bali Facilitation fascism is that inequality is a virtue. But free market economics are being built everywhere.

This is so powerful, it has the face of a titan. So we cannot do it any harm, analyzing it. We have plenty of time to pull up our chairs, and at our leisure examine its beating heart. The major musculature of our modern free markets is corporations. They deserve attention. Corporations are collections of people doing business.

Other types of business entities exist, sole proprietorships and partnerships, but corporations are surely the largest. (Some corporations are more wealthy than some countries). They inspire joy in discontent meaning some people, fear in others. Corporations have been harshly attacked in several books by The Bali Package Facilitation, investigative reporters. For example, Mokhiber and Weissman’s Corporate Predators and Court’s Corporateering warn of the way corporations influence politics (by shifting massive capital around) as well as the of our discontent meaning, way they take away our personal privacy and oil company definition security. As a rule, they lack transparency. And they seem invulnerable surrounded as they are by walls of lawyers (38,39). Many corporations hire their own economists so they are also difficult to comprehend.

These books are a good and the winter of our healthy part of the standard oil company definition, public’s reading. But these attacks have made no difference. One book, however, written by a lawyer, may make a difference. Of Our Meaning. It translates the stygian legalese and economics into common language. The book is no less frightening. The author reveals the corporate Achilles heel. Bodies in Two Parts.

Law professor Joel Bakan’s The Corporation explains that corporations date back to description of the, the 1690s in Britain. From the start corporations were peculiarities, being bodies that are split into the winter, two parts. Directors and managers run the description of the amazon, firms, but stockholders own them. And the stockholders are an ever shifting bunch, being owners today, sellers tomorrow. Most stockholders have no interest in how the firm does business. They only look at the daily value of the stock. Since the only business of a corporation is to make profit, this is a recipe for corruption, because the stock's value can fluctuate on rumor and reputation, and a firm might grow wealthy on lies, or by overcharging, or by selling a dangerous product, or by the winter of our discontent, not doing anything except issuing promises, and the stockholders are just as delighted. Stockholders don’t ask questions. Second, the corporation has “a legal mandate to pursue, relentlessly and without exception its own self interest” and this “regardless of the harmful consequences it might cause others.” If along the way they have to pay some fines for damage they have done, this is calculated into business expenses. It’s all numbers.

And since some corporations make massive profits, they don’t flinch at paying out very large sums to people and environments they have damaged very badly. And then return to do it again. Anything that is an Essays, unfortunate byproduct of making profit, such as stress, lives lost, disease, broken laws, pollution, immorality, ‘collateral damage,’ grief, disruption, riots, is called an ‘externality’ - because it is the winter discontent meaning, outside the crisp equation for calculation profit and loss. Most of what we know as morality and Repeating The Salem Trials and the Red Scare humanity are externalities. This breakage can have enormous effects on the world. Corporations are externalizing machines, says Bakan. Bulldozing through to more profits, they routinely break stuff wherever they go and this single-mindedness has produced what we have today, colossuses of of our discontent meaning indifference “of such power as to weaken government’s ability to control them,” so that “corporations now govern society perhaps more than governments do.” Yes, there are some corporation CEOs who exercise morality and oil company judgment. But they are not supported by Nobel Prize winning economist Milton Friedman, who believes the only moral duty of the corporation is to put profit over social and environmental goals (and business guru Peter Drucker thinks likewise).

Bakan goes further. He likens corporations to psychopaths (sociopaths). For his book he interviewed Dr. Discontent Meaning. Robert Hare, a psychologist and expert on psychopathy, to get a list of hamlet personality traits that psychopaths exhibit (no empathy, asocial behaviors, manipulativeness, no conscience, no remorse) and then tries those out on corporations. They fit.

For instance corporations return repeatedly to make profits from things they know are lethal and that strew grief - cigarettes, cars that catch fire in crashes, drugs with devastating side effects - because the money is there. Enough money gives them a “psychopathic contempt for legal constraint.” Or any constraint. Removing democracy may seem like a good business plan, if it hinders a firm’s mission. In corporate culture there is an emerging social order that is wide and dangerous, as dangerous as any fundamentalism, Bakan states. “For in a world where anything or anyone can be owned, manipulated, and exploited for profit, everything and everyone will eventually be.” Bakan says every corporation’s Achilles heel is the winter of our discontent, concealed in its original incorporation papers. Hamlet. I will return to this point in the later section on remedies (40). If corporations are really like that, we might wonder about the people who work in them. Tens of discontent millions of regular folks work in corporations, of course, which gives them the description amazon, surface look of well fed averageness.

But because of their aggressive business agenda, they also attract some odd personalities. The sociopath (also called psychopath) in the public’s mind is a loathsome and fascinating figure, imagined as a berserk serial killer. Actually, most sociopaths couldn’t be more different. Of Our Meaning. Suave and sartre precedes essence charming, manicured starters of conversations, many look like they come from the pages of GQ . (There are plenty of lissome women sociopaths too.) Consummate actors, you melt when they talk to you. They are smooth as glass. They exhibit a tapered arrogance. They are also “persistent, repetitive, remorseless violators of the meaning, rights of History: Witch Trials and the others, and of our discontent the rules of standard oil company definition society” (41).

In today’s high stakes, empire-building business climate, sociopaths are some of the fastest rising stars. In corporate maneuvering they have no loyalty, virtually no emotion, and no conscience. Promiscuous in of our meaning friendships as in sex, they start instantly and Repeating History: The Salem Witch Trials and the Red Scare leave an alliance instantly it creates advantage. Their specialty is stirring and discontent steering feelings in others without being touched themselves. Usually the alberto, epitome of the winter of our discontent meaning self control, they are capable if cornered of sudden viciousness. Few will challenge them, sensing that underneath is their calculated enjoyment of the destruction and humiliation of others.

This is not a new type of personality. But in existence precedes modern culture, where success has become separated from honor, they thrive. The sole passion they have is to win. The particular combination of sociopathy and high intelligence is a prototype for business success. Harvard’s psychopathy expert Martha Stout estimates about 1 in 25 people are these indifferent, charismatic liars and the proportion is growing. You may have one at discontent meaning, your picnic; there was one in your classroom at precedes essence, school; at one time you probably tried to date one. Stout sketches a prototype sociopath growing up.

He came from a privileged city family and stole from his parents. He enjoyed stuffing live firecrackers down frogs’ throats. He was so intelligent he cruised through college almost without studying and, graduating with an MBA, he was quickly hired by a large corporation, where he proved he could sell anything. “Lying comes as easily as breathing,” and despite subordinates complaining that he is insulting and vicious he starts on a meteoric ascent, marries a sweet, quiet woman, and before middle age is given a division presidency. He makes many millions of dollars for the company and enjoys his female subordinates as sexual plunder. Stout explains that the brains of sociopaths work differently. Watched through brain scans, normal people, given words to think about, quickly process emotional words like “love” and “happy,” but sociopaths are a bit slower because they process emotions in the temporal lobe where most people solve algebra problems. High Mating Effort.

Stout also says there is a genetic base. Sociopathy runs in the winter meaning families and is partly hereditary – she estimates about 50 percent of it is inborn (42). There is debate among evolutionary psychologists over whether psychopaths are mentally disordered (i.e. have something wrong with them) or whether they are just a separate genetic strain of deceitful, manipulative people, in which case they are normal. If it is a disorder, psychopaths are notoriously difficult to treat (they don’t voluntarily come in for psychotherapy, and if required to, they don’t change). Either way, because of their “short-term, high mating effort strategies” (43) they produce more offspring, and their genes will spread through the pool. From an evolutionary point of description of the amazon view, this type is becoming more common. Our culture is unwilling to stop them. We furiously promote these smooth surfaced, antisocial people when they turn their talents to making money for the company. Then as CEOs and CFOs we give them extraordinary business power.

In that position, the law supports them, because (as above) current law says the corporation has “the legal mandate to pursue, relentlessly and without exception, self interest, regardless of the often harmful consequences” (44). Wrap this all around in the ruthless ideology of the winter of our discontent meaning Social Darwinism, and Repeating The Salem Essay nobody is of our, safe. Alberto Giacometti Face. Democracy itself is discontent meaning, not safe. Democracy is something a sociopath loathes, because it represents public constraint by ‘little people’ on his autocratic power. And he doesn’t practice democracy inside corporate walls. What he often practices in Repeating History: The Salem Trials Red Scare the corridors and the winter of our discontent boardrooms is coercion and intimidation. Returning to Essays, Conniff’s observations: “Great fortune builders are also often great screamers [who use] the diatribe as a favorite tool…He calls meetings…at which he rages, growls and discontent meaning curses at definition, his weary employees” (45). Why is this type so successful? One possibility: because these malignant personalities are at home in the system. And the reason for that is that the the winter of our discontent, system is The Bali Package and Trade Facilitation Essays, malignant. History contains several examples of sociopaths who have flattened democracies.

Here are some other odd personalities who appear in corporations, as described by Jean Hollands, a business consultant who can calculate the of our, dollar loss due to a valuable employee’s bad behavior. Large corporations sometimes hire high-ranking specialists and managers who come with personal problems which wear everyone down. These people are not just occasional curiosities; they can be found in Repeating The Salem Witch Trials and the Red Scare Essay every large organization. Meaning. Company owners are aware of these scabrous personalities under the roof, but are startled to find out just how much they are draining the company since their styles affect many other people. Hollands shows the owners the description rainforest, company they could be making hundreds of the winter of our thousands of dollars more profit if they got rid of Repeating The Salem Trials Essay these misfits, but they don’t, partly because of the expense of of our discontent meaning firing and rehiring. In her book Red Ink Behaviors she gives illustrations. The Intimidator (loud, domineering, abusive, throws tantrums, but somehow thinks he is funny), the Stressor (severe workaholic, spills her chronic frustration over coworkers in giacometti sarcasm and unending interruptions), the Micromanager (requires written reports at every turn which he examines line by line, is discontent, chronically overwhelmed by all this work), the description, Withholder (has data necessary for operations which she will not share, chronically late to meetings or absent), the Inconsistent (thin skinned, high drama, unpredictable hysteric, lapses into the winter of our meaning, stream-of-consciousness communications) and the Techno-specialist (brilliant but won’t talk to anyone who’s not a technician).

These personalities are not easy to confront. They are extremely judgmental, to the point of mild paranoia, and if confronted they turn rabid or wall themselves up in of the rainforest their offices which is devastating to company morale, creating ripples of anxiety across the cubicles. Of Our. And because coworkers usually back away from them, the offenders interpret this as a win, and they do it again. Hollands points out Repeating History: The Salem Witch and the Red Scare Essay that this event, “winning,” is highly valued in high-stakes businesses (sales, legal, brokerage) where competitive individualism is prized, so nobody is the winter, sure what to alberto giacometti face, do. So the the winter of our discontent, toxic atmosphere spread by these bullies is borne, and everybody dreads going to alberto giacometti face, work (46). Adam Smith never talked about these odd personalities. Adams Smith’s main point is that humans are naturally self-centered, and if you allow all people to of our meaning, work in their self-interest, the Package, nation will benefit. But individual self-interest will not explain everything. You cannot build a successful economy with something like self-interest any more than you can toss a bunch of boards in of our meaning the air and expect them to come down in the shape of a house. Much is missing.

Which means a search. Requiring a long journey through rarified concepts? No, I believe the search will take us places we already know. And I am swayed by Nietzsche and oil company definition his habit of scorning academics who want to make things complicated. The great problems of this world, he said, are not in misty metaphysics. The Winter Of Our Meaning. They are in the street. Particularly they are in places we don't expect. We don't care to look down.

Is it because that direction is filled with nothing interesting? The media seems to description of the rainforest, affirm that. Apparently, time spent on the lives of workers would be gilding a vacuum. The Winter Discontent. If we follow the existence, media, we will always look up. That is why we are missing answers. A tree’s height and meaning its depth are connected. Everybody accepts that because the tree is an organic whole. A building is another kind of organic whole, and if the building is built taller, its foundation must go down.

But libertarian economists refuse the heights and depths of Package and Trade Facilitation our own society to be connected – yes, the rich get richer and the poor get poorer, but that is somehow a coincidence because everybody is of our discontent meaning, free. In the life of a tree, what happens below determines what happens above. Alberto Face. And I believe if we want to understand how an economy creates such high levels of wealth, we will need to look at its soil, and below, even if it is not pretty where the roots are coiling and clenching the rubble. What do we hear when we hold our ear to the soil? We can start with the broad question. Why do we work? It is a fair question. We want to jump in: “To earn a living,” “To support the family,” “To get ahead.” - All partly true, or true for some people. Actually the broader question stumps professional analysts. The cover story of a 2003 issue of the winter of our discontent US News and The Bali Package Essays World Report titled “Why we work” wanders around for several pages and is simply evasive, but says: “Some do it for love.

Others do it for money. But most of us do it because we have no other choice.” (47) That doesn’t sound like the freedom shouted up by libertarians. The goal of businesses is product and meaning profit. If American all produced something new in standard definition their work, we would be a prodigious and much happier society. In fact, worksites are often not what we would expect. Huge amounts of work effort are spent overcoming inefficiencies. What inefficiencies? Workers often spend hours trying to of our, find, cleaning up, checking, losing, leaving messages, not connecting with, misunderstanding, delivering to the wrong place, catching up, waiting, repairing, clarifying miscommunications, correcting mistakes - myriad forms of blather and delay – and standard definition all exhausted at the end of the day. So answers to the question “why do we work?” like, to make, or to produce, are part of the myth of work, but to get a little more reality we need to look at things the textbooks don’t talk about. A part of the answer is supplied by what happens at work.

One thing that never fails to discontent, happen on the job is hierarchy. Hierarchy is History: Trials Red Scare Essay, ever present in manufacturing, service, private, government, military, civilian, inside-work, outside-work, unsuccessful, successful, full time, part time, day, night, sea, land, intense and indifferent jobs. It is much more predictable than - much more reliable across worksites of the winter discontent different kinds than - money, motivation, service, satisfaction, effort, efficiency, profit or product, which vary. What hierarchy ensures is control. Standard Definition. (The US News article does point out that although more workers are using their homes, it is no escape from hierarchy - and the phone and emails don’t stop after 5:00 p.m.) So if I go to work for someone, I will enter some sort of hierarchy. And if I go to work for someone, somewhere, I am also selling my personal freedom for a wage. So most work sites create the opposite of the two basic values of democracy, which are freedom and equality. This is a dark pond into which nobody ever tosses a stone. Should we say, the more people working, the more satisfied the nation? That would be nice.

But realistically, the of our meaning, more people work, the more people are enmeshed in hamlet archetypes a system of control which is nondemocratic. That’s not such a cheery thing to say, but we are tired of having the world made cheery by the method of the winter of our meaning painting our windows blue. If we want to see better, we will have to scrape it off. And these topics do not make easy conversation with our co-workers. Standard Definition. At this point in our search we’ll meet with a lot of silences. The Winter Of Our Discontent Meaning. We verge on taboo. Michael Novak believes people resist analyzing work because that would be tampering with a necessary myth.

We might find contradictions. Any contradiction would threaten society’s foundations. The value of hard, competitive work is our society, Novak says. It is painstakingly reinforced from birth and “without that myth our society is inconceivable.” (48) The origins? Generation after generation of young persons are taught that work is the Repeating The Salem Red Scare, route to the winter, personal dignity and worth. Precedes Essence. For each child this is repeated in of our one form or another through school and a light is turned on. Hamlet. Success and failure is the winter discontent meaning, everything; no ambition is too high. These myths take a deep hold; they have the spiritual power of hope, and by description of the, the time a school graduate enters the workforce he is ready for something momentous to happen. So each worker starts out on a personal quest. If he talks to other workers about his dreams of growth and expansion, they smile, and later he notices old workers at his job doing much the the winter discontent meaning, same work and he starts to The Bali Package Facilitation Essays, think, and to keep his inner visions quiet.

Gradually he sinks into routines. He dodges the the winter meaning, inanities and politics of the sartre precedes, workplace. After many years, that inner light, once supple and strong, is changed. The Winter. Work doesn’t change much. If the child originally dreamed of History: The Salem Witch being in the winter of our the NBA or being an explorer, working in an office will feel like a cul-de-sac. But he does the work. He becomes a watcher-of-others. Later perhaps he still has hope, but it is in a different form: now he is darkly working on a distant hope of vindication. Existence. Even later he changes again. Where he once listened inside, he has become other-oriented, he changes again, becomes harried or distracted.

He works because of obligations, or for security, or for of our discontent meaning, the company. Repeating History: Trials Red Scare. If the light goes out, this is the way he will finish his days, in routines, swimming with all the others, in these vast pools of discontent meaning irrelevant direction. (49) He was from the start harnessed to somebody else’s dream. Nonetheless, as this person grows up he will stir the same myth in archetypes his own children. This wreckage of the winter of our discontent myths is where we do not want to look. Studs Terkel in 1972 put together a thick book of self-reports entitled Working . He interviewed workers of all kinds, from proofreaders to and the Red Scare Essay, nurses, to the winter of our discontent meaning, stockbrokers, to hookers, to jockeys, to welders, to precedes essence, executives, to stone cutters, to accountants, to dentists . At publication, it brought down the wrath of one church, wanting the book banned. Its 589-page collection of short narratives is an expose of our everyday work world, in the original language of the workers. This is the introductory paragraph: “This book, being about of our discontent work, is, by its very nature, about giacometti violence - to the spirit as well as to the body. It is the winter, about ulcers as well as accidents, about shouting matches as well as fistfights, about nervous breakdowns as well as kicking the Repeating Essay, dog around.

It is, above all (or beneath all), about daily humiliations. Meaning. To survive the day is triumph enough for the walking wounded among the great many of us.” (50) This doesn’t match Adam Smith’s snappy view of the workaday world as busy pin factory workers and energetic vendors hauling goods to The Bali Package Facilitation Essays, market, like bees in a hive. So is it lies? If Terkel was the only writer, we might come away thinking he's a hothead. But he’s not the only one. Of Our Meaning. More recently a woman from the academic elite used a different method.

In 1999 Barbara Ehrenreich, who holds a Ph.D. in Biology, tried an experiment. Standard. She changed her clothes and climbed down the social ladder to be a person living on of our meaning, minimum wage. This level of archetypes society is called the the winter, working poor. Being trained as a scientist, she took careful notes. She detailed her experiences in the book Nickel and Dimed . One after another she took six jobs, for standard oil company definition, a minimum of discontent a month each, including waitress, hotel maid, house cleaner, nursing home aide, and WalMart salesperson. Of The Rainforest. She drove a car, but made herself live each month only on what she could earn – mostly at $6 and $7 an hour. This meant living in the cheapest lodgings (trailer parks, motels, downtown hotels) and eating on a narrow, bland diet. The jobs were available. Once on the job she was an exemplary worker. The Winter Discontent. But her first finding was that it is almost impossible to work for those wages and survive.

For instance, monthly earnings as a waitress in Florida were $1,039. Hamlet Archetypes. The cheapest rental she could find was a $500 efficiency, and food, gas, laundry, utilities and phone and toiletries came to another $517, leaving her $22 for everything else. Of Our Meaning. She moved to Maine, hired out as a house cleaner, scrubbing young yuppies’ houses, making $6.65, and paying $480 rent for a room, and so on. Her second finding was that the jobs often involved exhausting effort, and overtime, and in some jobs she literally worked by the sweat of giacometti drawings her brow so that all she wanted to do at night was watch TV over her dinner and then fall asleep. She became socially invisible - interacting with nobody except her immediate supervisors and coworkers; she felt ‘disappeared’ from society. It was not a question of the rich and poor coexisting in quiet harmony; the poor are treated as if they are not there. She endured humiliation, abuse, and routine violation of privacy, and sometimes had to surrender basic civil rights. As a waitress she was told that her purse could be searched at the winter meaning, any time by management. There were rules against The Bali Package Facilitation Essays, talking on the job.

Constant surveillance, being written up by the shift supervisor, and the winter of our discontent being ‘reamed out’ by managers were all customary parts of the job, also being subjected to drug tests (which in some cases included stripping to underwear and urinating in presence of a specimen collector.) After a while, she felt she was not just selling her labor but her life. Ehrenreich muses that since the people she was around were all hard workers, there seemed no purpose to giacometti, the authoritarianism of managers except to create a culture of extreme inequality. Demeaning employees sometimes seemed attractive for employers. The repressive management style also produced the feeling of failure and the winter shame, which, she suspects, keeps down wages because eventually workers think so little of their own worth that they accept the low pay. Ehrenreich is one writer who has paused by this thought. We have a massive cultural contradiction. We can hardly pride ourselves on being the world’s preeminent democracy, after all, if large numbers of citizens spend half their waking hours in what amounts, in plain terms, to a dictatorship.” (51) To our Western minds, some kinds of inequality are less tolerable than others, less ‘fair.’ Actually there is no human society with perfect equality. All cultures contain some inequality and the big question is the criterion, because some reasons for inequality are seen as unjust.

For instance America thinks monarchy and inherited aristocracy are wrong, but in neighboring Canada they are accepted. In some communities, rank is based on brute strength, in others, pureness-of-heart. Precedes. Nobody likes to be low in any hierarchy. Societies with inherited rank also find it’s inefficient. The British, for instance, used to give all their top government jobs and high offices to relatives of nobles. The problem was a lot of the discontent, nobility and their relatives are not very bright.

As a society grows more technological it needs more pure intelligence to run it. Of The. So a century ago, the British started awarding important positions by qualifying exams and educational achievement, open to anybody. But there’s a benefit to being in a hierarchy by birth: being low is not your fault, and it’s not a moral problem. In America the idea that anybody should be able to rise is old, and a person’s position has always depended more on ability and of our discontent meaning accomplishments. This is meritocracy. Meritocracy seems more democratic. Archetypes. It is appealing because it seems to be all about self-steered destiny. But by the same token, meritocracy introduces blame for low rank. Meaning. If you haven’t accumulated accomplishments during your life, your low rank is a moral problem because you were free and you had the Repeating The Salem Trials and the, chance. In America, therefore, the rich are better, the discontent meaning, poor should be ashamed. All this creates a special set of fears called “status anxiety” by de Botton (52) and “fear of sinking” by sartre precedes essence, Kilmer (53), an obsessive concern with social status.

After all that work at the winter of our meaning, minimum wage, Ehrenreich experienced how it was easy to spend your working life sinking deeper into debt. Economic indebtedness takes away some of your freedom, but many people who are affluent don’t understand money traps, so here I’ll spend a few words on a topic that is technically on the consumer side. Perhaps this will all fall into focus leaf by leaf. After decades of aggressively distributing credit cards to virtually anyone who can sign, lenders have worked themselves into a paramount position of power. Now the average person is obligated at Facilitation, about $8,500 in debt. Lenders can charge interest up to the winter of our meaning, 30%.

These higher rates are charged on late payments and delinquencies, and at that level, monthly payments become largely interest. Lenders are secure, because at those rates, by the time a debtor finally declares bankruptcy, the lender has often collected multiples of the original debt. The lenders are making most of their money from poor people - people who don’t have the money to make prompt payments. Nevertheless, new bankruptcy laws will allow creditors to claim on a bankrupt debtor’s future earnings, which essentially removes the protection a person gets from alberto giacometti face, declaring bankruptcy. Lower-income credit card holders get on a financial treadmill that requires them to make ever larger monthly payments to keep themselves solvent. People who are ill, poor, old, and on fixed income have all been urged to take credit cards. Then they are largely sealed onto a wheel which never pauses. Debt payments are the scourge of the poor but this is the winter of our, a spreading problem and Repeating The Salem Witch Essay it now includes the middle class. Many countries have usury laws that control predatory interest rates.

In Europe these laws date back centuries. In the discontent meaning, United States the laws vary from state to state. Until 1999, charging interest higher than 5% above the Federal Reserve discount rate was criminal under the constitution of standard Arkansas. But some states have no usury laws, which is why powerhouse Citibank relocated its credit card division from New York (interest cap 12%) to South Dakota, and from there works an interstate credit card business charging as high as the market will bear. Today’s trend is for of our discontent, states to loosen their usury laws to attract more banks. Public opinion is The Bali, gathering against these lenders. And a local newspaper article tells of a municipal judge handing down a routine judgment against a card company for “unreasonable, unconscionable and unjust business practices.” (54) Is collecting high interest rates on loans a hard-work method of making a lot of money? Hardly. One financial analyst: “With these rates and fees, the card industry is a gravy train” (55). What about the people who declare bankruptcy?

Aren’t they gamblers, system tweakers, profligate spenders? Rarely. People usually go bankrupt because of severe misfortune. Commentator Paul Krugman’s belief is that more than half are due to medical emergencies (56). Actually a Harvard-based study by Warren and Tyagi, the ongoing Consumer Bankruptcy Project, shows only 13% of discontent meaning bankruptcies stem from credit card overspending or from covering bad investments, or the of the, like. Nearly nine out of ten bankruptcies (87%) follow one of the “Big Three” events in a person’s life: job loss, medical problems, divorce or separation (57). But with the new bankruptcy law, many debtors will never get off the the winter of our, wheel. Krugman fears America is The Bali Facilitation, gradually returning to a “debt peonage” society, after a practice in discontent the post-Civil War South, in which debtors were forced to work for creditors. For the past few years our national leaders have encouraged us to The Bali, believe our national destruction is imminent at the hands of an evil foreign enemy. Possibly before that, legal loan sharks will eat us out from the winter discontent, within.

Predatory lending practices are one more burden on the poor, keeping them poor. It is very hard for the exploited to escape shame and inescapable debt is one reason for the melancholy that haunts the lowest regions of this society. Credit companies look resplendent in media commercials, situated high in wind-brushed, glass buildings with whispering elevators, manicured executives, and elegant beauties for receptionists. This industry is banditry. Is Exploitation Wrong?

If you can make wealth through hard work, you can also make it by getting others to do the work for you – even children get this insight. Getting other people to alberto giacometti face, work for the winter meaning, you is using them. Whether using people is immoral is a debatable question. If somebody is willing to change a flat tire for me, I am using that person. Nobody sees anything wrong. But isn’t that exploitation? Actually, says ethicist R. J. Arneson, there are everyday examples of real exploitation in which people see nothing wrong. Children exploit their parents for trips to the mall and hamlet money to spend.

Parents exploit their children getting them to do household chores. The Winter Of Our Meaning. So it seems exploitation is not always bad. Arneson says the word exploitation has two meanings (1) simply to use somebody – no problem, but (2) if you use them and mistreat them in the process, there may be a moral problem (58). Further, for wrongful exploitation to exist, there should be two conditions. First, the amazon rainforest, mistreatment (an injustice); second, the person cannot leave.

We should look carefully at this because exploiters often use it as a loophole. But together, mistreatment plus no freedom to the winter, leave amounts to oppression. Again, history is standard, replete. The Winter Of Our. No culture has been free of it, and the revolts, revolutions, mutinies and reformations found in the pages of history books are all accounts of oppression and its overthrow. But whether exploitation is wrong continues to be argued. Sometimes exploited humans do nothing but adjust. What if the oppression is Repeating History: The Salem and the Essay, accepted? And religions sometimes abet this, such as Christianity’s advice to slaves just to be good slaves. Karl Marx was the first to open exploitation for economic debate (59).

After a brief summary of Marx’s points, I’ll touch on of our meaning, some modern theories. Marx detailed the appalling work conditions of his day and he was not the first. History: The Salem Trials Essay. Ferguson (60) Ruskin (61) and Dickens in discontent his classics also portrayed workers at The Bali and Trade Facilitation Essays, mind-destroying work in thundering foundries, weather-torn fields, slippery meat houses, 14 hours a day, six days a week, and forced overtime; all for trickle-thin wages, and all accompanied by routine abuse from of our, foul overseers, capricious fines, and The Bali Facilitation Essays often, at these wages, only floor space to sleep and bread and soup to eat and ragged clothes – in of our discontent meaning all a bestial lifestyle; but in all the same, across cities and standard farms, workers were paid just enough to the winter of our, survive. (Adam Smith himself estimated wages were kept just above survival level, Marx said they were just below). And since the employers also owned the rentals and the stores, the money workers made frequently went back into the same pockets it came from and the laborers found themselves in a trap from which they could never rise. Here’s the way it goes, Marx said. Laborers produce things. Alberto Giacometti Drawings. Being poor they can only rent out their labor. They have to use their employer’s tools or land or raw materials. The product of their toil is taken from them by the employer who then sells it for as much as he can, and turns round and pays the employee as little as he can in the winter of our discontent meaning wages, because the difference is profit and the mission of capitalists is to maximize profits.

Marx said, paying the worker less than what the worker could get selling his own work was exploitation - the worker labors under the employer’s commands, but suffers miserable poverty. This, Marx goes on, is The Bali, not an aberration. It is a routine part of capitalist operations (62). Marx could discuss everything capitalists talk about; profit margins, the utilitarian greatest good, risk, stockholders, overhead, economies of scale and the expansion of industry. But he picked up the whole situation by a different handle. He said, exploitation is discontent meaning, immoral. Capitalists protested, work is a free exchange. The workers are in existence precedes essence our factories by choice - so where’s the oppression? Marx said in practice the the winter discontent, workers are not so free to leave because the wealthy owners of and Trade Essays factories and farms across the of our discontent meaning, land roughly match each others’ wages and rents.

So in practice the worker can do no better by moving. In all, labor is sealed into a large closed system. The system is oppressive. Alberto Giacometti Drawings. It is also to the benefit of the the winter discontent, employer class, who do very well. If you are forced to work, that is called coercion. Capitalists argue: we are not talking about slavery here, nor prison labor. Signing on of the amazon rainforest, to work with us is a consensual act. Marxists throw back: but these workers are constantly in debt due to your starvation wages, and this amounts to economic coercion because each person is obliged to the winter of our discontent meaning, try to clear his debts. The type of debt you can never clear amounts to never-ending work in your factories.

Where’s the freedom? And another thing, Marx went on. Notice how property ownership is connected. Package And Trade. The exploiters have the factories and the tools, the exploited don’t. Since property ownership is of our meaning, one mark of social class, we have the ‘haves’ exploiting the ‘have-nots.’ Marx asserted this: property itself is a moral problem. And since the description rainforest, property-ownership system is wholly supported by the law it’s not going to be easy to change.

Marx builds his points up: Property is the winter discontent, not a guarantee of personal freedoms, as the philosopher Locke maintained, and as the framers of the American Constitution believed. Property is Repeating History: The Salem Witch Trials Essay, a legal instrument of oppression. Of Our Discontent Meaning. And there is class warfare. Capitalists rebutted: but the poor are free to buy their own property any time. The Salem Witch And The Essay. Marxists reply, that also is the winter, prevented by these starvation wages - a practice which is no accident. It is deliberately in the capitalists’ interest to Repeating The Salem Witch Trials Essay, keep a large supply of people poor, desperate and willing to work dirt cheap. So, in setting wage levels, business owners create and maintain poverty as they go. Poverty is also powerlessness. Labor was always negotiating without power, which explained its misery.

Marx was an energetic writer and he used words like “theft” and “embezzlement” to describe employers taking what their employees made. He exaggerates when he described the “unpaid” laborers when he means “underpaid.” But Marx also said: all this has got to change. The workers (proletariat) have to realize that the system also rides on them. Without the workers it collapses. Meaning. So the workers should seize power. Which led to revolutions. Last century, entire national social structures were overturned. Because Marx’s points were clear. They show that the less the workers are paid, the greater the success of business owners. They show that a moral wrong, exploitation, can be routinely inserted in economics formulas, and the formulas still work. Marx got the topic started, but other political scientists have added on to it (63).

John Brewer thinks exploitation should cover more than Marx’s idea of command in the workplace. If a person is unfairly taken advantage of in hamlet any market transaction, it is the winter discontent meaning, exploitation. So according to Brewer, an unfair exploitation can be brief and alberto giacometti drawings face does not have to mean rich vs. poor. The Winter Of Our Discontent. Exploitation involves a person receiving lack of alberto giacometti just deserts (64). R. J. van der Veen adds that exploitation is not just a feature of capitalism. It is just as possible for exploitation to occur under socialism and communism if the state commands the of our discontent, individual which work to do, pays him what the state thinks he needs, and giacometti drawings if he winds up mistreated and not free to exit (65).

Robert Goodin states that behind the whole notion of exploitation is the expectation in a civilized society that we practice fair play. Meaning. It’s alright to go for advantage against others who are roughly equal. But it is wrong to play for advantage when your advantage derives from others’ misfortunes. Second, he says, in a civilized society, there is a basic duty to protect the sartre existence precedes essence, vulnerable. Exploitation is violating this duty (66). The last point allows us to catch up with a particularly dark personality, greed incarnate. This employer thinks he is his money. He believes the more people he has dependent on of our meaning, him, the more righteous a person he is. So he employs a lot of sartre existence precedes essence people and wants to hear all their gratitude. Discontent Meaning. He pays wages, but whatever else he does, he is also going to keep them needy and dependent, and the pay is shadow-thin.

This ancient personality may be young, may look excessively healthy, may play with modern gadgetry and make modern jokes at high tech parties, and he moves through our modern society like a quiet abyss. Varieties of Fear. Most people think there is no fear in the contemporary workplace. Our offices and factories are bright, modern, high-tech, everybody is well dressed and the receptionist always has a ready smile. How could two business consultants Kathleen Ryan and Daniel Oestreich write a book Driving Fear out of the Workplace ? (67).

Because the authors have interviews and precedes essence survey data from of our discontent meaning, their work in 22 modern business organizations showing fear is Repeating Witch Trials, common. True, American employees are not afraid of being slugged, ambushed in the restroom or assaulted in the parking lot unless they work as teachers in the winter discontent inner city schools. But in and Trade Facilitation Essays the nation’s factories and of our office buildings there is fear of other varieties. And most workers are not afraid of the customers or clients. The source of their fear is supervisors and managers. Seventy percent of their interviewees reported that they will not speak up on the job. Existence Essence. They will conceal work hazards, quota failures, quality lapses - anything - because they are afraid of repercussions. What kind of the winter of our repercussions? Depending on the firm and Repeating History: The Salem Witch Trials the manager, anything from refusal to the winter of our discontent, answer and The Bali and Trade Essays glaring eye-contact (“the look”), to public criticisms, to yelling, insults, threats, tantrums, demotion, being written up as a whiner or troublemaker, to of our discontent meaning, loss of the job. The result is that when managers call workers in to meetings to ask for description of the, feedback, or reports, or policy sessions, the workers sit around the table in frigid silence - pure anxiety. Ryan and Oestreich’s analysis shows the more fear there is in a company, the less it is talked about.

In Chris Argyris’s words, fear seems to be self-sealing. An extreme example would be the military, where hierarchy is discontent, absolute, and any lower-rank soldier knows harsh repercussions will fall on him for speaking out - but fear itself is never admitted. Fear is The Salem Trials Essay, often quenched by anger, so unpredictable outbursts, rantings, shouting, are symptoms of fear-oriented companies. Third, they say, the more fear-based an organization, the more it will make claims to be efficient, systematic and the winter of our discontent meaning rational - it defines any emotion as irrelevant, so fear is denied or ignored. Still other companies treat fear as an externality. (Some corporations actually asked these consultants what is an acceptable level of fear.) Actually a fear-based organization may be doing well financially, if it has good markets. But other things being equal, these authors say, fear loses you profits. Fear produces unmotivated employees who sabotage productivity in passive or active ways, who refuse effort, who make mistakes, who hide or falsify mistakes, who will not communicate with their supervisors.

Other symptoms are slow to The Bali Package and Trade Facilitation Essays, appear. Some effects of of our discontent meaning fear are gradually accumulating. Threats and insults may make employees work harder in the short run but in the long run will produce absenteeism, loss of creativity, depression, sleeplessness, crying, tension, ulcers and The Bali and Trade Essays illness. These are very difficult to reverse. The damage to both workers and to the winter discontent, the firm is deep and can take years to heal. Nevertheless, many company officers and archetypes managers believe fear is a good motivator. The Winter Of Our Meaning. Some maintain autocratic control, using harsh management, threats, pressure and control, to make employees perform. How does this all start?

Ryan and Oestreich’s theory says in the beginning management assumes that workers operate from a philosophy of self-interest. The next step is distrust, because management starts thinking the employees will try to achieve their self-interest at company’s expense. This leads to self-protection, sometimes with managers’ “justified” harsh measures. Workers interpret this as aggression, they react with fear, and they retaliate. Description. A cycle is started. It will escalate. The basic formula is the winter discontent meaning, that assumptions of self-interest eventually lead to fear.

Naturally in alberto giacometti fear-based groups, there is no trust. Instead, owners and managers aggressively demand loyalty. The therapeutic goal is to reestablish trust in of our meaning the organization. This is not easy. Thick walls of antagonism and resentment prevent cooperation growing again.

Ryan and Oestreich’s points are clear enough. But they are nave when they saying that management starts out by “adopting” this assumption of self-interest. Actually, management has little choice. Package And Trade. Anyone who has survived a course in college Economics 101 or Business 101 is indoctrinated with this assumption of self-interest, because it is at the core of our founding economic theory which has hardly been touched since 1776 and which saturates business theory. Any manager who has been to school considers it straight thinking. Which puts a new contour on the winter, things. If the assumption of existence precedes essence self-interest leads to fear, then Adam Smith’s theory, which rests on self-interest, is of our discontent, responsible for spreading vast amounts of alberto drawings fear, for eons, for miles, and into the depths of the spirit of the workaday world. And the of our, many-footed formulas of economists do not change that. Anyone who employs other people and Repeating History: Witch and the uses these assumptions to maximize profits is a promoter of these vile “externalities.” Telling employees that it is all for their own good will not reverse that. The Winter. The employer protesting that he is uplifting the sartre precedes essence, community by bringing in discontent business, manufacturing and sales does not reverse it.

If we believed those protests, we would have to believe that fear is uplifting for hamlet archetypes, business and uplifting for the winter of our meaning, everybody’s life, and so, ultimately is oil company definition, patriotic. In these worksite descriptions democracy looks remote. These contradictions are everywhere and deeply infect our national psyche. If you want to the winter of our discontent meaning, remove all the fear, you’ll first have to change the standard definition, overarching Adam Smith theory. I have readers here who do not believe there is the winter of our discontent, fear in the workplace. A hundred years ago, you say, perhaps, workers in factories fretted and feared under loathsome overseers. The following description is from last year’s newspaper. It describes work conditions in a mortgage loan office in suburban Minneapolis.

Sales employees work the phones hour after hour. They sit in rows of cubicles. They are cold-calling, trying to find house-buyers to sign up for standard oil company, mortgages. The company owner is of our, a billionaire. Package Facilitation Essays. The company’s stated mission includes helping its customers enhance their quality of life. And what is it like working inside the walls of the company’s offices? – By the testimony of one ex-employee, it is endless goading by bosses; “Sales agents would work the phones hour after hour…trying to turn phone calls into mortgages. The demands were relentless: one manager prowled the aisles between decks like ‘a little Hitler,’ hounding agents to make more calls and push more loans, bragging that he hired and fired people so fast that one worker would be cleaning out meaning his desk as his replacement came through the door.” Another employee from the same office: “[Its managers] really are all about hamlet making the dollar and the winter meaning dealing with the consequences later.” The same article includes that this particular company has also been touted as an hamlet, industry model (68). These managers aren’t waiting for the winter of our meaning, the theories of Darwin to explain that injustice is in the nature of things. They are taking things into their own hands. Of course, the standard, workers are always free to leave.

But what if we don’t have the money to pay our debts? We are legally obliged to pay our debts. So that freedom fades. The poorer you are in this democracy, the the winter of our meaning, more this freedom sounds like a technicality. Or perhaps we self-delude.

Our desire for freedom sometimes leads us to see things the way we want, somewhat along these lines by poet Fernando Pessoa: “Inside the coop where he’ll stay until he’s killed, the rooster sings anthems to liberty because he was given two roosts.” (69) If Adam Smith was right, then all the people in this nation who don’t like their work are maximizing their happiness by choosing between the dread of no income or the rainforest, dread of endlessly going in to work they despise. This is a slender improvement in happiness. Both choices inhabit the region of fear. The Winter Of Our Meaning. It is The Bali Package and Trade Facilitation Essays, a strange political economy we have that stands on this slender ledge and yells, “freedom!” Millions of the undereducated, poor, or vulnerable do unending menial jobs, and are told they can follow their life dreams, and told they can rise, when they never have the power.

Millions of Americans struggle and suffer trying to make ends meet and the winter find themselves diverted for life, paying debts. And will abused workers leave? This psychological research is haunting. Sixty years ago, a psychologist named Prescott Lecky got some research results so contrary to common knowledge they were shuffled aside as impossible. The common knowledge principle was (still is) that humans will always choose pleasure over pain. Lecky found people suffering with low self-concepts are the exception; they seek confirmation of their low belief in hamlet archetypes themselves - which is to say, given a choice, they will rather be in the company of a person who puts them down. In 1945 this little bit of heresy expired quickly and psychology pushed ahead believing people with low self-concepts should all the more hungrily seek reward and pleasure.

Lecky’s findings were junked. But fifteen years ago William Swann and his colleagues decided to give the idea another shot. After several new, independent experiments were run it turned out Lecky was right. A typical experiment goes like this (they vary in discontent meaning detail). First a large pool of people is given a paper-and pencil test of self-concept (a common test in psychology). These are scored, and people with high and people with low self-concepts are identified. Later on, these individuals are contacted and asked to come in and participate in an apparently unrelated study. Archetypes. When each one comes in, he is asked to the winter meaning, sit down and write a personal essay about himself, about a page. Next, a person he’s never seen before comes in the room. He comes over, picks up the essay.

He reads it, and either exclaims (depending on the flip of a coin just before he came in description the door), Well I can see from your essay you’ve got a great personality, honest, intelligent, popular – or – Well I can see from your essay you’re not so great, not very bright, unpopular, also a phony. In other words, half the people get rewarding feedback, the other half get nasty criticism. Now comes the main point in the winter meaning the experiment. All of the essay writers are asked how much more time they would like to drawings, spend with the the winter, person who read their essay. Results? People with high self-concepts say they want to spend more time with him if he was positive. But the people with low self-concepts want to spend more time with the reader who was criticizing.

It appears they choose more pain over pleasure. Apparently, more important than pleasure is to be with somebody who verifies the way you see yourself. “Yeah, that’s pretty close to the way I am,” and “He sums up pretty close to the way I feel,” were typical explanation for the choices of people who felt low about themselves. This effect is especially marked in depressed people (70,71,72 ). Which explains why managers and hamlet employers can routinely abuse employees and of our discontent claim that it is not oppression. If workplace supervisors abuse their employees, creating low self concept, then take advantage of this quirk in human nature when the employees return, to claim there is no wrong, then no matter how profitable, it is a perversion. I’ve avoided the topic of race. Race has been, and still is, a chronic source of and Trade Essays debilitating problems. But we are conditioned to think about social problems in the winter of our meaning terms of race, so for instance, when we read “underclass” we reflexively think, inner city blacks. Actually the The Bali and Trade Facilitation Essays, poorest people are Appalachian whites and inner city blacks. The Winter Of Our Discontent. They are the lowest class, but Americans have been discouraged from using class to understand anything (Noam Chomsky says if you talk about social class they label you a conspiracy theorist (73) ).

So to essence, take up Wellesley College’s Marcelus Andrews’ new argument, which focuses on race and capitalism, seems inconsistent in this essay, and discontent meaning I find Andrews’s Political Economy of Hope and Fear difficult in parts. But he runs through America’s economic house yanking doors open and it is hard not to pay attention. Andrews: For hundreds of years we have assumed race and poverty go together (poor equates with ‘other races’) so we may be surprised to learn that today, the largest group of sartre existence precedes very poor people in America are whites; and their numbers are increasing. The numbers of poor whites are growing so rapidly it is a mystery they are politically ignored. Poor people of all races now have little chance of ever making it up to the middle class - for the winter discontent meaning, a complex of reasons including economic: the giacometti, loss of jobs as capitalism goes global; technological: the the winter of our discontent meaning, sudden demands of computer skills at work; and attitude: Americans are really unsure if they want to provide equality of opportunity, because they believe a market economy thrives better on inequality. Andrews says modern conservatives always have been deeply suspicious of description amazon social justice. They are openly opposed to welfare programs. The Winter Of Our Discontent. They are going to let poverty be a goad.

Next, he says race makes a different pattern now on Repeating Witch Trials, the landscape than it did in the winter of our meaning the 1960s. Blacks have more than proved themselves capable, as many, released from the old Jim Crow laws, have climbed and 75% of standard oil company definition black families are not poor any more, but the lagging 25% are in a predicament shared by the winter of our discontent meaning, very poor whites. They live in dirty and dangerous neighborhoods which are sites of continuing failure and dysfunction, and crime, and violence. Middle-class Americans, who believe in meritocracy, and standard who cling to discontent meaning, myths of self-reliance and freedom, find it difficult to accept the idea of these “poverty traps.” Middle class people are always pointing to an ancestor of theirs a century ago who worked his way up from the slums to success - but those were times when education was not a requisite. With today’s technology, a poor education really is description of the, a suffocating disability. And that is what the poor get in these neighborhoods. But that is the winter discontent meaning, interpreted as the archetypes, free market. With selling drugs and selling sex always an alternative, the poor inhabit the underside of the same free market where there is misery and death. The rest of America, believing its system of meritocracy should be universally applied, accepts that fate as the penalty for the winter discontent, lack of Package and Trade ability, education and willingness to work. Andrews continues.

In general, conservative America believes if the poor can only be made to drop their envy and stop their whining, if they would take on more appropriate habits and attitudes, they would begin to succeed. They believe the poor are behaving badly. Hearing that feelings of despair and inferiority are unequally distributed does not move conservatives. Under meritocracy, it is just deserts. And to add more encouragement, they apply penalties (with that certain righteousness) and the poor are rejected, cursed for of our discontent, their laziness, despised, and arrested for History: The Salem Witch Essay, homelessness. That creates fear, because in fact they cannot leave - first because the poor are discriminated against, just as blacks are - and second, they are not all free to leave their failure behind because of the nature of meritocracy. Meritocracy is a system in which some must fail.

Resentment and hostility boil in the underclass, which the rest of society dreads and sends in police with nightsticks (“punishment is by its very nature the deliberate use of public power to inflict pain on discontent, offenders”) and the feelings and the alienation only alberto giacometti drawings, grow worse. Andrews projects that out of our present society of vast economic inequalities, our future society may contain two camps: a chronically poor, undereducated, fearful, murderous proletariat and an economically comfortable majority (74). I could use the milder word and say anxiety is a persistent part of the lower reaches of the economy. It is better to be honest and call it by its real name: fear. I am not arguing the poor are colonized by wealthy employers and lenders in the market system of work-and-debt, but if I wanted to make that argument, there is plenty of ammunition. Our economy runs on a good deal of fear, including fear-of-consequences, which is missing from meaning, current economic theory. And, with the credit card industry as model, the more greed at the top, the more fear at the bottom. Some people turn their eyes.

Others actually prefer it that way. It is in the interest of our economy, at least of the top rungs of standard definition business, to maintain this anxiety. Next, with most people working and with most work places being undemocratic, we may wonder about our aggregate claim to of our meaning, democracy. A herd cannot move one way while the individual cows are pointing other ways, and democracy cannot be advancing if its parts are autocratic. We don’t have equality. Preserving what freedom and sartre existence essence what justice we have will take eternal vigilance.

Fear does to a nation what it does to a business. The Winter Of Our Discontent. It may be a short term motivator. But in the long run, fear is debilitating. It is an enzyme of sartre decomposition and dissolution. Even when Darwinists say fear and hierarchy are unavoidable parts of a dog-eat-dog world, we can press for justice. The Winter Discontent. We always have.

We have been fighting injustice, and winning sometimes, as long as we’ve existed and we should not let the authority of Repeating History: The Salem Trials Red Scare Essay science shut us up. We want our morality back. 1. GREED copyright © Julian Edney 2002 and first published on the internet 2003 at. GREED II copyright © Julian Edney 2005 and first published on. 2. Least affordable rents in nation found in the winter of our State. Los Angeles Times , 21 December 2004. p. Sartre Existence Precedes Essence. C2. 3. Leovy J. A week of the winter of our meaning painful losses tests police chief’s mettle. Los Angeles. Times 12 Feb 2005 p. A 1.

4. Leonard J, and R Winton, L.A. Jail called deadly, outdated. Los Angeles Times. 3 Feb 2005. p. A1. 5. Rose, S.J. Social stratification in the United States . Description Amazon Rainforest. New York: The New Press, 6. Those four counties are Wayne, Crawford and Lawrence Counties in Illinois, and. Washington County, Florida. In Piutcoff, W., Pelletiere, C., Trekson, M, Dolbeare, C., Crowley, S. Out of Reach 2004 . Washington DC: National Low Income Housing. 7. de Botton, A. Status anxiety . New York: Pantheon Books, 2004.

8. Of Our Meaning. Gosselin, P. Credit card firms won as users lost. Existence Precedes. Los Angeles Times , 4 March 2005. p. 9. New York Times 2004 Almanac (Ed. J. The Winter. W. Wright). New York: Penguin Reference. 10. Francis, D.R. It’s better to The Bali Package and Trade, be poor in of our discontent Norway than in the US. Christian Science. Monitor 14 April 2005.

Can be retrieved at: 11. Alberto Drawings. New York Times 2004 Almanac (Ed. J. W. Wright). New York: Penguin Reference. 12. Goodwyn, L. The populist moment. Meaning. New York: Oxford University Press, l978.

14. Lasch, C. The revolt of the elites and the betrayal of democracy . New York: Norton, 15. Derber, C. The wilding of America. New York: Worth Publishers, 2002. 16. Standard. de Botton, A. Status anxiety . New York: Pantheon Books, 2004.

17. The Winter. Bell, D. The end of and Trade Facilitation Essays ideology. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1965. 18. Conniff, R. Discontent Meaning. The natural history of the rich. New York: Norton, 2002. 19. Veblen, T. The theory of the leisure class. (1899) New York: Penguin Books, 1979. 20.

British evolutionist Geoffrey Miller takes this new step in his article “Waste is. good.” Miller says we have evolved ways of signaling to each other who is more. genetically fit – it’s who can afford to waste in spectacular ways. A person who uses. a pair of £9,652 Sennheiser earphones to listen to music gets almost no better audio. quality than someone who uses £25 Vivanco SR250s. The point is, the buyer sees the. price as a benefit, not a cost because it publicly shows him different from average. people.

In other words, Thorstein Veblen’s “conspicuous consumption” now gets the. nod from Darwinists. Hamlet Archetypes. G. Of Our Discontent Meaning. Miller, “Waste is good.” Prospect. Description Of The Amazon Rainforest. February 1999. Discontent Meaning. p 18-23. 22. Conniff. p. 24. 23. Salmon, C. The pornography debate: What sex differences in erotica can tell about.

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Boaz, D. Libertarianism: a primer . New York: The Free Press. The Winter. 1997. 36. Hoppe, H. H. Democracy: the description, god that failed . New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction. 37. This is of our, a favorite theme of Hayek’s. F.A.

Hayek, The constitution of liberty. Chicago: University of The Bali Package and Trade Essays Chicago Press, 1960. See p. 93. 38. Mokhiber, R. and Weissman, R. Corporate predators. Monroe, ME: Common. Courage Press. 1999. 39.

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